The dawn of civilization- Egypt and Chaldaea (1897) (14761516254)
Identifier: dawnofcivilizati01masp (find matches)
Title: The dawn of civilization: Egypt and Chaldaea
Year: 1897 (1890s)
Authors: Maspero, G. (Gaston), 1846-1916
Publisher: London : S.P.C.K.
Contributing Library: Robarts - University of Toronto
Digitizing Sponsor: University of Toronto
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nd Assyrians, pp. 482,497), or even of Sin, Eamman, and Shamash (Hincks, On the Assyrian Mythology, in the Memoirs ofthe Royal Irish Academy, vol. xxiii. pp. 410-418). 2 The passive and almost impersonal character of the majority of the Babylonian and Assyriangoddesses is well known (Fk. Lenormant, Essai de comment, sur Berose, p. 09). The majority musthave been independent at the outset, in the Sumerian period, and were married later on, under thejinfluence of Semitic ideas (Sayce, Relig. of Anc. Babylonians, pp. 110-112, 176, 179, 345, 340). 3 Drawn by Faueher-Gudin, from Layards Monuments of Nineveh, 1st scries, pi. 65. Properlyspeaking, this is a Susian deity brought by the soldiers of Assurbanipal into Assyria, but it carriesthe usual insignia of Emnman, and in the absence of other information may help to show us howthis god was ^presented iu the first millennium before our era : he has neither the conical head-dress.lioi the long robe of the Eamman on p. 662 of the present work.
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EAMMAN, THE GOD OF TEMPESTS AND THUNDER. G64 TEE TEMPLES AND THE GODS OF CEALD2EA. was had to the procedure adopted by the Egyptians in a similar case : therewas added to their names the distinctive suffix of the feminine gender, and inthis manner two grammatical goddesses were formed, Anat and Belit, whosedispositions give some indications of this accidental birth.1 There was alwaysa vague uncertainty about the parts they had to play, and their existenceitself was hardly more than a seeming one. Anat sometimes represented afeminine heaven, and differed from Anu only in her sex.2 At times she wasregarded as the antithesis of Anu, i.e. as the earth in contradistinction to theheaven.3 Belit, as far as we can distinguish her from other persons to whomthe title lady was attributed, shared with Bel the rule over the earth andthe regions of darkness where the dead were confined.4 The wife of Ea wasdistinguished by a name which was not derived from that of her husband, butshe was not animate
Ancient Egypt, civilization in northeastern Africa that dates from the 4th millennium BCE. Its many achievements, preserved in its art and monuments, hold a fascination that continues to grow as archaeological finds expose its secrets. This article focuses on Egypt from its prehistory through its unification under Menes (Narmer) in the 3rd millennium BCE—sometimes used as a reference point for Egypt’s origin—and up to the Islamic conquest in the 7th century CE.