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The cruel secretary and the patriotic contractor / Zimmerman.

The cruel secretary and the patriotic contractor / Zimmerman.

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Illustration shows William C. Whitney, Secretary of the Navy, insisting that John Roach, a contractor, accompany him on a test cruise before the Navy can sign off on the contract and accept delivery of the ship "Dolphin"; Roach, holding a piece of paper that states "Bill for Constructing the Dispatch Boat 'Dolphin' --J. Roach", steps back in fear and does not accept Whitney's offer.
Title from item.
Caption: Secretary Whitney "I can't accept your ship until we have tried her again. Step on board, sir " / J.R. "Step on board! No, sir, never! My life is entirely too valuable to the nation. Cut down the bill, and call it square!"
Illus. from Puck, v. 17, no. 421, (1885 April 1), cover.
Copyright 1885 by Keppler & Schwarzmann.

It wasn't really until the 1700s that caricature truly blossomed as a form of political criticism. In the late 1750s, a man named Thomas Townshend began using the techniques employed by earlier engravers and applying them towards a political model. This gave Thompson's cartoons a much greater feeling of propaganda than previous artistic critiques of the time. The intense political climate of the period, and often accusatory nature of most political cartoons forced many artists to use pseudonyms in order to avoid accusations of libel. Other artists took it a step farther, and left their cartoons completely unsigned, foregoing any credit they may have received. Political higher-ups were notoriously touchy about their reputations and were not afraid to make examples of offenders. Puck was the first successful humor magazine in the United States of colorful cartoons, caricatures and political satire of the issues of the day. It was published from 1871 until 1918.

Puck was founded by Austrian-born cartoonist Joseph Keppler and his partners as a German-language publication in 1876. Puck’s first English-language edition in 1877. The magazine name came from Shakespeare’s Midsummer Night’s Dream: “What fools these mortals be!” Puck used lithography instead of wood engraving and offered three cartoons vs. one of competitors. The cartoons were initially printed in black and white, but soon it changed into full, eye-catching color. Within a few years, Judge supplanted Puck as the leading humor magazine.





Zimmerman, Eugene, 1862-1935, artist


Library of Congress

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