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The corn and cattle producing districts of France (1878) (14788534623)

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The corn and cattle producing districts of France (1878) (14788534623)

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Identifier: corncattleproduc00rich (find matches)
Title: The corn and cattle producing districts of France
Year: 1878 (1870s)
Authors: Richardson, George Gibson, 1816-1879
Subjects: Agriculture
Publisher: London New York : Cassell
Contributing Library: Boston Public Library
Digitizing Sponsor: Boston Public Library

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gs. Such a conditionof things precludes high farming; the defects areseriously felt, but a remedy does not seem possible.The owners of small plots will not sell except atexorbitant prices. There are some farms of from 200to 300 acres, that are pretty well together; it is rare,however, to find this quantity of land all contiguous,except in the large estates. Machi- The use of machinery is becoming more general; threshing-machines have long been in use, and in thearrondissement of Melun (250,000 acres) there were, in1873, seventy reaping and twenty-five mowing machines.The number has increased rapidly since then. It isbecoming the practice for the smaller farmers to engagewith the larger ones for the hire of implements, andalso for them to club together for the purchase ofhorses and utensils, thus formino- a kind of aoTiculturalassociation; the only method by which the effect of theextreme division of the soil can be modified, so as torender it not injurious to the country a^ large. :i^
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BRIE, 401 Steam-power in doing field-work is not at present in steam.mncli use, but it is making progress. It has been usedby M. Decauville on bis farm of 850 acres at Petit-Bourg, nineteen miles from Paris, since 1867, and tbesame gentleman is making steam ploughs at bis iron-works, suitable for Prencb farms, less expensive tbantbose of English workmanship. The value of ploughing done by steam is ackno\v-ledged; horses are getting as scarce and as dear inFrance as in England. Bullocks, much used in France^are a resource that the English farmer has not got, butthey also are getting too dear: being now kept in highcondition, their value approaches too near that for thebutcher, when they have to be purchased by those whawant them for work; they are still largely used, how-ever, but where the farms are large enough steam issuperseding them, and the use of steam ploughs hasreceived a great impetus from the experience of theMessrs. Tetard at Gronesse after the German occupation.On the 6th

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1878
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