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[Suffragists Protest Woodrow Wilson's Opposition to Woman Suffrage, October 1916]

[Suffragists Protest Woodrow Wilson's Opposition to Woman Suffrage, October 1916]



Summary: Photograph of women suffrage activists wearing suffrage sashes demonstrating with signs at city street corner. Signs read "President Wilson How Long Do You Advise Us to Wait?", "Vote Against Wilson He Opposes National Suffrage", "Wilson is Against Women," and "Why Does Wilson Seek Votes From Women When He Opposes Votes For Women." Police on horseback and on foot far right.
Title transcribed from item with editorial addition supplied by Library of Congress staff.
Cropped version of the photograph published in The Suffragist, 4, no. 43 (Oct. 21, 1916): cover, and The Suffragist, 5, no. 54 (Jan. 10, 1917): 8. Caption: "Woman's Party Demonstration Outside President Wilson's Meeting in Chicago."

Suffragettes Women's suffrage is the right of women to vote in elections. Beginning in the late 1800s, women worked for broad-based economic and political equality and for social reforms, and sought to change voting laws in order to allow them to vote. National and international organizations formed to coordinate efforts to gain voting rights, especially the International Woman Suffrage Alliance (founded in 1904, Berlin, Germany), and also worked for equal civil rights for women. Women who owned property gained the right to vote in the Isle of Man in 1881, and in 1893, the British colony of New Zealand granted all women the right to vote. Most independent countries enacted women's suffrage in the interwar era, including Canada in 1917; Britain, Germany, Poland in 1918; Austria and the Netherlands in 1919; and the United States in 1920. Leslie Hume argues that the First World War changed the popular mood: "The women's contribution to the war effort challenged the notion of women's physical and mental inferiority and made it more difficult to maintain that women were, both by constitution and temperament, unfit to vote. If women could work in munitions factories, it seemed both ungrateful and illogical to deny them a place in the polling booth. But the vote was much more than simply a reward for war work; the point was that women's participation in the war helped to dispel the fears that surrounded women's entry into the public arena..."





Burke & Atwell, Chicago (Photographer)

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