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St. Andrew, 16th century


St. Andrew, 16th century



Juan Carreño de Miranda (Spanish, Avilés 1614–1685 Madrid)

Public domain scan of 17th-century drawing, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

According to tradition, St. Andrew was crucified on an X-shaped cross, known as a Saint Andrew's Cross. This distinctive form of crucifixion is said to have been chosen as a reflection of St. Andrew's humility, as he felt unworthy to be crucified in the same manner as Jesus Christ. The image of St. Andrew holding the X-shaped cross has been a popular subject in Christian art and is a symbol of the saint's martyrdom. St. Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland and is revered by the Roman Catholic, Orthodox, and Anglican Churches.



1600 - 1699


Metropolitan Museum of Art

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Public Domain Dedication (CC0)

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juan carreño de miranda
juan carreño de miranda