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Solovki, Solovetsky monastery, Russian Empire, 19th century


Solovki, Solovetsky monastery, Russian Empire, 19th century



Arkhangelsk (Russian: Арха́нгельск, also known in English as Archangel and Archangelsk, lies on both banks of the Northern Dvina River near its exit into the White Sea. The city spreads for over 40 kilometers (25 mi) along the banks of the river and numerous islands of its delta. Arkhangelsk was the chief seaport of medieval and early modern Russia until 1703. In 1693, Peter the Great ordered the creation of a state shipyard in Arkhangelsk. A year later the ships Svyatoye Prorochestvo (Holy Prophecy), Apostol Pavel (Apostle Paul), and the yacht Svyatoy Pyotr (Saint Peter) were sailing in the White Sea. Peter realized that Arkhangelsk would always be limited as a port due to the five months of ice cover, and after a successful campaign against Swedish armies in the Baltic area, he founded St. Petersburg in 1703 that contributed to the decline of Arkhangelsk in the 18th century. Arkhangelsk's economy revived at the end of the 19th century when a railway to Moscow was completed and timber became a major export. С конца 80-х гг. XVI века Архангельск стал центром русской внешней торговли, приносившим до 60 % доходов государственной казны. Рост и плотная деревянная застройка была причиной множества пожаров, в одном из которых, в 1637 году, сгорел давший название городу Михайло-Архангельский монастырь. Начиная с 1713 года, Пётр I начал стеснять торговлю через Архангельск, жертвуя его интересами в пользу нового балтийского порта Санкт-Петербурга. Город продолжал оставаться одним из крупных кораблестроительных центров. В конце XIX — начале XX века превратился в крупнейший лесопромышленный и лесоэкспортный центр страны.



1900 - 1914


Romanov Empire - Империя Романовых

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российская империя
российская империя