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Six Greek sculptors (1915) (14596934240)


Six Greek sculptors (1915) (14596934240)



Identifier: sixgreeksculptor00gard (find matches)
Title: Six Greek sculptors
Year: 1915 (1910s)
Authors: Gardner, Ernest Arthur, 1862-1939
Subjects: Sculptors Sculpture, Greek
Publisher: London : Duckworth and Co. New York : C. Scribner's Sons
Contributing Library: Harold B. Lee Library
Digitizing Sponsor: Brigham Young University

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her shield on her left arm—a type common inarchaic art, and repeated, in appropriate surroundings,in at least one of the pediments of the Parthenon, butso unlike our preconception of the design of Phidias fora statue of the goddess, that some doubt may occur asto the correctness of Pausanias attribution of thework to Phidias. It was, however, admittedly an earlywork; the type at Pellene may have been fixed by ahieratic tradition too strong for the young Athenianartist to ignore; and, moreover, in the pose of thestatue, especially in the way in which one leg is modelledthrough the drapery, while its heavy folds completelyenvelop and conceal the other, we may see a well-known Phidian characteristic. On the skirt are horizontalbands, which may well represent rich lines of relief ordamascening, in imitation of woven designs, such assuit both the subject and the technique. The largest and most famous of all the early worksof Phidias was the colossal bronze Athena, set up in the Plate XX
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HEAD OF ATHENA, IN JACOBSEX COLLECTION, COPEXHAGEN To face p. 87 PHIDIAS 87 open on the Acropolis at Athens; this was said tohave been provided from a tithe of the spoils of Mara-thon, and therefore was most probably, like the otherMarathonian trophies, set up during Cimons predomi-nance in Athens.1 This was the statue of which thepoint of the spear and the crest of the helmet werevisible from the sea to those coasting along fromSunium to the Piraeus. This statement is not onlyvaluable as showing the great size of the statue, butafeo as indicating its pose; the spear must have beenresting upon the ground, so that its point stood outabove the head of the goddess. The statue is repre-sented upon the views of the Acropolis which we findupon some Athenian coins of Roman date; it standsout conspicuous between the Parthenon and the Propy-laea; but there is no consistency in the pose of thefigure on these coins; and, even if there were, the scaleis too small to allow of any details. On the o

Ernest Arthur Gardner (1862–1939) was a British classicist and archaeologist; he was born in London 16 March 1862, son of Thomas G., stockbroker, and Ann Pearse; educated at the City of London School, and afterwards entered Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. He was appointed Director of the British School of Archaeology, Athens, 1887-95. He assisted Petrie in the excavation of the city of Naucratis 1885-6, helping then and later to establish important connections between Saite Egypt and Greece, and contributing the chapter on the inscriptions to the report. He was of great help to Petrie in his work of cross-dating Egyptian and Aegean objects; he also contributed to Art of Egypt through the Ages, 1931; he died in Maidenhead, 27 Nov. 1939.





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