Sinaikloster von der Nordostecke aus. Rechts: Pilgerhaus, nach links anschliessend (mit Giebeldach) Bibliotek dann Minaret und moderner Glockenturm, dahinter alte Kirche des Kaisers Justinian. 1910.
Plate 92 in portfolio: Bilder aus Palästina. Nord-Arabien und dem Sinai. Berlin : Dietrich Riemer, 1916.
Letterpress caption in German.
Title from item. Translated title by Library staff.
Photograph taken from the northwestern corner of Saint Catherine Monastery, looking southeast and showing the wooden hermit cells building on the northwestern wall 'western wall for simplification' and Gebel Armaziya above it in the background to the right, the roof of the guests house and hall, the present archbishop's apartment, the southwestern wall 'southern wall for simplification' and the naqb of Siqqat Sydina Musa to the summit of Biblical Mount Sinai above them in the background from centre-right to the centre, the whitewashed medieval minaret, the bell tower, the roof of the central church, the hermit cells, the southeastern wall 'eastern wall for simplification' and the vicinity of Siqqat Abbas Basha to the summit Mount Sinai (Biblical Sinai) and Gebel Muneiga in the background from the centre to centre-left, and the roof of the rope drive-wheel of the hanging door and the pointed summit of Gebel Meraja and southern slopes of Gebel El Dier (Selib-Baraka) from centre-left to the left in the background, from a 0.9 km distance. (A. Shams, Sinai Peninsula Research, 2018)
Saint Catherine Monastery was constructed between 530 and 545 CE by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I (527-565 CE). "The fortified enclosure of Sinai Monastery is square. The length of the northwestern wall 'western wall for simplification' is 74.80 m, the northeastern wall 'northern wall for simplification' is 87.50 m long, the southeastern wall 'eastern wall for simplification' is 73.50 m and the southwestern wall 'southern wall for simplification' is 80.50 m. The thickness of the southwestern 'southern' wall is 2.75 m, while the other walls are narrower, reaching an average of 2 m" (Uzi Dahari, 2000). The alley adjacent to the eastern wall is dotted with the ancient hermit cells of the monks on both sides. The alley is the least spot in the monastery to receive daily direct sunlight due to the high buildings and its orientation. The roof of the basilica consists of two layers of wooden beams made of cypress or pine. Justinian's roof of 6th century CE was made out of eight wooden beams, and another layer was added in 18th century CE. Several inscriptions were found on Justinian's wooden beams from 6th century (547-565 CE). The whitewashed 12m high medieval minaret was constructed during the Fatimid period in early 12th century CE, when a former pilgrimage guest house and chapel of Saint Basil was transformed into a mosque. An earthquake partially destroyed the eastern and western walls in 1354 CE and were later restored by the bishop of Petra. Napoleon's commander in Egypt re-built the northern wall of the monastery in 1801 CE, after it had partially collapsed due to a falshflood following heavy rain in 1798 CE. The monastery's bell tower was constructed in 1871 CE next to the 6th century CE basilica. The present library building was constructed adjacent to the southern wall by Fuad I in 1920s and 1930s CE (?), the King of Egypt (1922-1936), and completed by his son Farouk I in 1951 CE (?), the King of Egypt (1936-1952 CE). It replaced old hermit cells and a monastic quarter. The present building includes modern cells for the monks, the manuscripts and printed books libraries, and the icons exhibition hall. (A. Shams, Sinai Peninsula Research, 2018)