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Shapour the Great - Public domain portrait engraving

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Shapour the Great - Public domain portrait engraving

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Engraving of "THE SEVEN GREAT MONARCHIES
OF THE ANCIENT EASTERN WORLD..." BY
GEORGE RAWLINSON, VOL. III.

The historical Shaopur Cave is named after the Great Shapor the King of Sassanid Dynasty. This cave it is famous for the unique 7 meters tall and 1800 years old grand statue of Shapor I at the entrance of the cave. The cave is located near Sasan or Kashkoli village in Tang e Chogan valley, Closed to Shapur river and 6 km far from the historaical Site of Bishapur, the Sassanid winter capital. The entrance of this cave is 30m and is one of the largest in Iran.

The Sasanian Empire (224 – 651 CE, also given as Sassanian, Sasanid, or Sassanid) was the last pre-Islamic Persian empire, established in 224 CE by Ardeshir I, son of Papak, a descendant of Sasan. Zoroastrianism was the state religion, and at various times followers of other faiths suffered religious persecution. The Empire lasted until 651 CE when it was overthrown by the Arab Rashidun Caliphate. It is considered by the Iranian people to be a highlight of their civilization for, after the fall of the Achaemenid Empire (c. 550 –330 BCE) at the hands of Alexander the Great in 330 BCE, Persian culture was sustained through the Parthian Empire (247 BCE – 224 CE) and reached its height in the Sassanian Period; there was not to be another state that truly felt ”Iranian" after its fall.

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Date

1876
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Wikimedia Commons
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public domain

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