Seal - Richard I of England
Français : Contre sceau équestre (1195) de Richard Ier d'Angleterre - Historial de Vendée - Les Lucs-sur-Boulogne
English: Counter seal (1195) of Richard I of England (1189-1199). Inscription: RICHARDUS DUX NORMANNORUM ET AQUITANORUM ET COMES ANDEGAVORUM ("Richard Duke of the Normans and of the Aquitanians and Count of the Angevins") Exhibited in History Museum of Vendée - Les Lucs-sur-Boulogne, Vendée
Richard the Lionheart (1189–1199), duke of Aquitaine (from 1168) and of Poitiers (from 1172) and king of England, duke of Normandy, and count of Anjou (1189–99). His knightly manner and his prowess in the Third Crusade (1189–92) made him a popular king in his own time as well as the hero of countless romantic legends. He has been viewed less kindly by more recent historians and scholars.