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Projet de ballon dirigeable de Mathieu (1784).

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Projet de ballon dirigeable de Mathieu (1784).

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Summary

Hot Air Baloons and Gas Baloons

The main types of airship are non-rigid, semi-rigid, and rigid. Non-rigid airships, often called "blimps", rely on internal pressure to maintain the shape of the airship. Semi-rigid airships maintain the envelope shape by internal pressure but have a supporting structure. Rigid airships have an outer structural framework which maintains the shape and carries all structural loads, while the lifting gas is contained in internal gas bags or cells. Rigid airships were first flown by Count Zeppelin and the vast majority of rigid airships built were manufactured by the firm he founded. As a result, all rigid airships are sometimes called zeppelins. In early dirigibles, the lifting gas used was hydrogen, due to its high lifting capacity and ready availability. Helium gas has almost the same lifting capacity and is not flammable, unlike hydrogen, but is rare and relatively expensive. Airships were most commonly used before the 1940s, but their use decreased over time as their capabilities were surpassed by those of aeroplanes.

Retro-Futurism​ and Vintage [Science] Fiction Images Collection

date_range

Date

1784
person

Contributors

La Vaulx, Henry de (1870-1930), Author
place

Location

Paris
create

Source

New York Public Library
copyright

Copyright info

Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication ("CCO 1.0 Dedication")

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l aeronautique des origines a 1922
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balloons in art
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aeronautics in art
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aeronautic origins
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