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Persia past and present; a book of travel and research, with more than two hundred illustrations and a map (1906) (14577420777)

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Persia past and present; a book of travel and research, with more than two hundred illustrations and a map (1906) (14577420777)

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Identifier: persiapastpresen01jack (find matches)
Title: Persia past and present; a book of travel and research, with more than two hundred illustrations and a map
Year: 1906 (1900s)
Authors: Jackson, A. V. Williams (Abraham Valentine Williams), 1862-1937
Subjects: Zoroastrianism
Publisher: New York, The Macmillan Company London, Macmillan & Co., ltd.
Contributing Library: The Library of Congress
Digitizing Sponsor: The Library of Congress



Text Appearing Before Image:
ptures in thelarger vaulted recess. The first set of bas-reliefs and presumably the oldest, althoughthis is not certain, consists of four figures carved on a smoothedsurface of the rock next to the villa and covering an expanse ofabout eighteen feet by ten. A special interest attaches to thegroup, as I have stated in my Zoroaster, because it has beenthought that the figure to the extreme left may represent theProphet of ancient Iran.^ For that reason I devoted particu-lar attention to it on the occasion of my visit to Tak-iBostan. I shall briefly describe the composition of the sculp-tured gronp.^ The two figures to the right represent personages of royalrank ; the central one is a king who stands with a triumphantair, his left hand on his sword and his right hand grasping a rib- 1 See Justi, Empire of the Persians, ^ See my Zoroaster, pp. 288-294. p. 258; de Morgan, Mission Scienti- ^ Consult in this connection the ac- fique^ 4. 309, 333, and cf. p. 221, below, companying photograph.
Text Appearing After Image:
The Nimbus-crowned Figure SASANIAJSr BAS-RELIEFS 217 bon-decked coronet, which he receives from or bestows upon asecond personage of lofty bearing. The latter stands beforehim with the right hand on the chaplet and the left restinggracefully upon the hip. Both figures wear crowns, the centralone a helmet-shaped cap surmounted by the globular adorn-ment commonly seen in the sculptures of the Sasanian kings,but conventionalized here into a bulb, the other wearing amural crown, beneath which thick, flowing hair is seen. Bothfigures have the characteristic Sasanian head-decoration (sar-piisK) of streamers and veil hanging down behind, and theremainder of their ornaments and dress belong also to thatperiod. So much for the two royal personages. Directly behind the central figure stands a third, differingfrom the other two in that he has his head encircled by a haloof rays and his feet resting upon a heavily carved sunflower,while he raises before him in both hands a long fluted staff.This

The Sasanian Empire (224 – 651 CE, also given as Sassanian, Sasanid, or Sassanid) was the last pre-Islamic Persian empire, established in 224 CE by Ardeshir I, son of Papak, a descendant of Sasan. Zoroastrianism was the state religion, and at various times followers of other faiths suffered religious persecution. The Empire lasted until 651 CE when it was overthrown by the Arab Rashidun Caliphate. It is considered by the Iranian people to be a highlight of their civilization for, after the fall of the Achaemenid Empire (c. 550 –330 BCE) at the hands of Alexander the Great in 330 BCE, Persian culture was sustained through the Parthian Empire (247 BCE – 224 CE) and reached its height in the Sassanian Period; there was not to be another state that truly felt ”Iranian" after its fall.

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