Nectanebus enthroned from BL Royal 20 A V, f. 1
Detail of an historiated initial 'P' of Nectanebus enthroned. Image taken from f. 1 of Roman d'Alexandre en Prose, imperfect at the end (index Le Livre et la vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre, Alexander Romance). Written in French.
Alexander the Great was born in the Pella region of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia on July 20, 356 B.C., to parents King Philip II of Macedon and Queen Olympia, daughter of King Neoptolemus. In 343 B.C., King Philip II hired the philosopher Aristotle to tutor Alexander at the Temple of the Nymphs at Meiza. After Alexander completed his education in 340 B.C., he became a soldier and embarked on his first military expedition. Since then, Alexander was constantly battling for his kingdom and its expansion. Here is the list of his counterparts: - Athenian and Theban armies at Chaeronea. - Hith mother-in-law Cleopatra - region of Thessaly - Thracian Triballians - City of Thebes - Persian King Darius III' - Gaza - Egypt - Persians - Eastern Iran - Northern India While preparing the conquests of Carthage and Rome, Alexander the Great died of malaria in Babylon (now Iraq), on June 13, 323 B.C. He was just 32 years old. His empire collapsed. Later, cultures of Greece and the Orient synthesized and thrived as Panhellenism - a side effect of Alexander's empire.