Mt. Sinai from the north, viewed from an elevation of 6740 ft. from the summit of Jebel Meraja
Men with rifles and a monk on mountain.
J177965 U.S. Copyright Office.
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Photograph taken from the summit of Gebel Meraja, looking southwest and showing the naqb above El Magaf El A'liya (Galaktion and Episteme) chapel, the vicinity of Wadi El Dier (Biblical Holy Valley) and the granite wall of Gebel Armaziya (part of Gebel El Sefsafa) in the foreground behind the Bedouin's rifle, the mountain mass of Gebel Katharina with its twin summits in the centre in the background, the summit of Gebel Katharina to the right (Egypt's highest summit) and the summit of Gebel Zugeir to the left from a 6.5km distance, the round-shape dark mountain mass of Gebel Musa (Biblical Mount Sinai) in centre-left, Siqqat Abbas Basha to the summit of Mount Sinai below the mountain mass, and Gebel Abu 'Aldt to the left, where the vicinity of Wadi Sebaa'iya is located below its summit to the left.(Source: A. Shams, Sinai Peninsula Research, 2018)
Julian Saba, the Syrian monk, was the first to mention Mount Sinai (Biblical Sinai) in his account in 363 CE, and Egeria described the monastic life in the vicinity of Wadi El Dier (Biblical Holy Valley) during her pilgrimage from Jerusalem to Mount Sinai in 383 CE. El Magaf El A'liya (Galaktion and Episteme) chapel was built on the mountain slopes of Gebel Meraja close to that area. It was built at the site of an early Byzantine monastic settlement in 3rd century CE. Another monastic settlement is located to the north of the summit of Gebel El Dier (Selib-Baraka) at Farsh Himaami, including chapels, ruined buildings, hermit cells and water dams. The summit of Gebel Katharina is the traditional site where the monks of Saint Catherine Monastery found the body of the Saint in 7th century CE. The Crusaders of the Holy Land recognized Saint Catherine as the patron saint of the monastery in 11th century CE. Siqqat Abbas Basha was constructed in 19th century CE. Abbas Helmi I, the Khedive of Egypt (1849-54), visited Sinai Peninsula in 1853-54 CE and paved several paths in the vicinity of Mount Sinai and along the pilgrimage routes in the peninsula. (Source: A. Shams, Sinai Peninsula Research, 2018)
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