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Migrant family stopped at the California-Arizona state line to have their baggage inspected for plant pests. Yuma, Arizona

Migrant family stopped at the California-Arizona state line to have their baggage inspected for plant pests. Yuma, Arizona

 
 
description

Summary

The Dust Bowl exodus was the largest migration in American history that happened during the Great Depression. Although overall three out of four farmers stayed on their land, the mass exodus depleted the population drastically in certain areas. By 1940, 2.5 million people had moved out of the Plains states; of those, 200,000 moved to California. Arriving in California, the migrants were faced with a life almost as difficult as the one they had left. Like the Joad family in John Steinbeck’s “The Grapes of Wrath”, some 40 percent of migrant farmers wound up in the San Joaquin Valley, picking grapes and cotton. They took up the work of Mexican migrant workers, 120,000 of whom were repatriated during the 1930s.

date_range

Date

01/01/1937
person

Contributors

Lange, Dorothea, photographer
place

Location

Yuma (Ariz.)32.72528, -114.62444
Google Map of 32.72527777777778, -114.62444444444444
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Source

Library of Congress
copyright

Copyright info

No known restrictions. For information, see U.S. Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Black & White Photographs http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/071_fsab.html