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Maria Fyodorovna (Kramskoj, 1880s)

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Maria Fyodorovna (Kramskoj, 1880s)

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Portrait of Empress Maria Fiodorovna in a Head-Dress Decorated with Pearls Français : Portrait de l'impératrice Maria Feodorovna de Russie (princesse Dagmar de Danemark) Русский: Портрет императрицы Марии Федоровны в жемчужном уборе

Ivan Nikolayevich Kramskoi (1837–1887), painter, draughtsman, engraver, theoretician of realist art and art critic. He worked as a retoucher for an itinerant photographer (1853–1857) and studied at the Imperial Academy of Arts (1857–1863). He was the initiator of the “Revolt of Fourteen” (1863) and one of the organisers and head of the St Petersburg Artel of Artists (1863–1870). He was also a founding member of the Society of Travelling Art Exhibitions (1870–1887), a member of the Society for the Encouragement of Artists (from 1861) and of the Moscow Society of Amateur Artists (from 1871) and a founding member of the Society of Russian Aquafortists (1871–1874). He was an Academician from 1869, took part in exhibitions from 1860 and taught at the drawing school at the Society for the Encouragement of Artists (1863–1869 with breaks).

The kokoshnik tradition has existed since the 10th century in the city of Veliky Novgorod. It spread primarily in the northern regions of Russia and was very popular from 16th to 19th centuries. It is still to this day an important feature of Russian dance ensembles and folk culture and inspired the Kokoshnik style of architecture.

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1880
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1880 s paintings by ivan kramskoy
1880 s paintings by ivan kramskoy