Description: Mannheim Synagogue..Creator/Photographer: Dr. Alfred Nawrath, F.R.P.S., Bremen..Medium: Black and white photographic print . .Date: unknown..Repository: Leo Baeck Institute ( http://www.lbi.org ) ..Parent Collection: Max Markreich Collection.. Call Number: AR 7048. .Rights Information: No known copyright restrictions; may be subject to third party rights. For more copyright information, click here ( http://copyrights.cjh.org ) ...Find more information about this image and others at CJH Archives and Library Catalog ( http://opac.cjh.org:8991/F ) .
A massive, coordinated attack on Jews throughout the German Reich on the night of November 9, 1938, into the next day, has come to be known as Kristallnacht or The Night of Broken Glass. The Center for Jewish History is the home of five preeminent Jewish institutions dedicated to history, culture, and art. It unites under one roof collections that bring together centuries of Jewish life.
Holocaust (1933—1945) the systematic state-sponsored killing of six million Jewish men, women, and children and millions of others by Nazi Germany and its collaborators during World War II. The Germans called this “the final solution to the Jewish question.” Yiddish-speaking Jews and survivors in the years immediately following their liberation called the murder of the Jews the Ḥurban, the word used to describe the destruction of the First Temple in Jerusalem by the Babylonians in 586 BCE and the destruction of the Second Temple by the Romans in 70 CE. Shoʾah (“Catastrophe”) is the term preferred by Israelis and the French, most especially after Claude Lanzmann’s masterful 1985 motion picture documentary of that title.simultaneously: World War II and the racial war against the Jews. The Allies fought only the World War. The word Holocaust is derived from the Greek holokauston, a translation of the Hebrew word ʿolah, meaning a burnt sacrifice offered whole to God. This word was chosen because in the ultimate manifestation of the Nazi killing program—the extermination camps—the bodies of the victims were consumed whole in crematoria and open fires.