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Lady with Fan - Public domain dedication. Metropolitan Museum of Art image.

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Lady with Fan - Public domain dedication. Metropolitan Museum of Art image.

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Frank Duveneck (American, Covington, Kentucky 1848–1919 Cincinnati, Ohio)

Public domain photograph of 19th-century painting, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

A handheld fan, or simply a hand fan, is any broad, flat surface that is waved back and forth to create an airflow. Generally, purpose-made handheld fans are folding fans, which are shaped like a sector of a circle and made of a thin material (such as paper or feathers) mounted on slats that revolve around a pivot so that it can be closed when not in use. Hand fans were used before mechanical fans were invented. Handheld fans have been used for thousands of years, with the earliest known examples dating back to ancient Egypt and China. These early fans were made from a variety of materials, including feathers, parchment, and palm leaves, and were used for both practical and ceremonial purposes. In ancient Rome, fans were also used for both cooling and as a decorative accessories. The first handheld fans as we know them today, made from paper or other lightweight materials and mounted on sticks, were probably invented in Japan or China during the 9th or 10th century. These fans gradually spread to other parts of the world and became popular in Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries.

He was born into a family of German immigrants. After the death of his father, Bernhard Dekker, Frank's mother remarries, and the boy takes his stepfather's surname. He begins to study painting in Cincinnati. Portrait of Frank Duveneck by Dixie Selden In 1869 Duveneck leaves for Germany and enters the Royal Academy of Art in Munich, in the class of William Chase. Upon graduation, he opens his own art studio in Munich. In 1873 Duveneck returned to America and for two years he taught at the Ohio Mechanics Institute. In 1875 he is in Munich again, in 1876 the artist goes to Paris, and the following year for nine months in Venice. In 1879 he makes a new trip to Italy. In 1886, Duveneck married his student, 20-year-old Boston-born artist Elizabeth Butt (who was then living in Florence and studying painting with Duveneck). Two years later, Elizabeth dies in Paris of pneumonia. Having survived this tragedy, Frank temporarily abandoned painting and turned to sculpture. At the beginning of his artistic way F. Duvenek paints mainly portraits in a realistic manner. After his stay in France and Italy, he also painted landscapes and domestic scenes, gradually evolving towards impressionism. He painted both oil paintings and etchings.

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1873
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Metropolitan Museum of Art
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Public Domain Dedication (CC0)

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