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Jewish refugees at Croydon airport 1939



London, Louise (2000). Whitehall and the Jews, 1933–1948, back cover: "Cover illustration: members of a group of Jewish refugees from Czechoslovakia are marched away by police at Croydon airport on 31 March 1939. The refugees were detained at the police station because their documents were not in order. They were put on a flight to Warsaw but threatened to jump out of the window if the plane took off. The pilot refused to fly, so they were deported the following day."
The Guardian, 31 March 1939, p. 10: "Refugees who had been refused permission to stay in England figured in a distressing scene at Croydon airport yesterday. They were so distraught that the pilot of their 'plane thought it unwise to leave, and they will be sent to Copenhagen by train and boat."

Holocaust (1933—1945) the systematic state-sponsored killing of six million Jewish men, women, and children and millions of others by Nazi Germany and its collaborators during World War II. The Germans called this “the final solution to the Jewish question.” Yiddish-speaking Jews and survivors in the years immediately following their liberation called the murder of the Jews the Ḥurban, the word used to describe the destruction of the First Temple in Jerusalem by the Babylonians in 586 BCE and the destruction of the Second Temple by the Romans in 70 CE. Shoʾah (“Catastrophe”) is the term preferred by Israelis and the French, most especially after Claude Lanzmann’s masterful 1985 motion picture documentary of that title.simultaneously: World War II and the racial war against the Jews. The Allies fought only the World War. The word Holocaust is derived from the Greek holokauston, a translation of the Hebrew word ʿolah, meaning a burnt sacrifice offered whole to God. This word was chosen because in the ultimate manifestation of the Nazi killing program—the extermination camps—the bodies of the victims were consumed whole in crematoria and open fires.




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