Jalal al-Din Khwarazm-Shah crossing the rapid Indus river, escaping Chinggis Khan and his army
This painting, from the epic Chinggiskhannama, illustrates Jalal al-Din Khwarazm-Shah crossing the rapid Indus river, escaping Chinggis Khan and his army. The river, alive with jumping fish, separates Chingis Khan from Jalal al-Din, who carries a parasol, large pole, and sword. In the distance a walled city is seen. Three lines of text appear within two isolated columns. Painted in gouache on paper.
Mongolian warrior-ruler, one of the most famous conquerors of history, who consolidated tribes into a unified Mongolia and then extended his empire across Asia to the Adriatic Sea. Genghis Khan was a warrior and ruler of genius who, starting from obscure and insignificant beginnings, brought all the nomadic tribes of Mongolia under the rule of himself and his family in a rigidly disciplined military state. He then turned his attention toward the settled peoples beyond the borders of his nomadic realm and began the series of campaigns of plunder and conquest that eventually carried the Mongol armies as far as the Adriatic Sea in one direction and the Pacific coast of China in the other, leading to the establishment of the great Mongol Empire.