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Isabella Gagarina by S.Zaryanko (1850s, priv.coll)

Isabella Gagarina by S.Zaryanko (1850s, priv.coll)

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Summary

SERGEI KONSTANTINOVICH ZARIANKO (RUSSIAN 1818-1870)
Portrait of Princess Isabella Adamovna Gagarina, late 1850s
oil on canvas
oval, 58.2 x 50.2 cm (23 x 19 1/4 in.)
bears Cyrillic inscription on stretcher S.K. Zaryanko Morzenkova 1848
PROVENANCE:
Collection of Prince V. N. Gagarin, Moscow, before 1917; Khudozhestvenii Salon Mos-cultura, Moscow, no. 495; Sotheby`s New York, April 26, 2006 lot 16
LITERATURE:
Vremia Sobirat: Russkoe Iskusstvo iz Zarubezhnih Chastnih Kollktsii [Time to Collect: Russian Art from Foreign Private Collections] (Russian Museum, Palace Editions: 2007), p.68
LOT NOTES:

In her youth, Princess Isabella Adamovna Gagarina (1800-1886, nйe Countess Valevskaya), was a famed beauty. Married to Chief Chamberlain Prince Sergei Sergeevich Gagarin, the director of the Imperial theaters, and herself a celebrated philanthropist and awardee of the Order of Saint Katherine, 2nd class, Gagarina was a member of the upper echelons of the Russian nobility. Sergei Konstantinovich Zaryanko, having studied under Alexey Gavrilovich Venetsianov, was among the leading portrait painters of the nineteenth century and was even commissioned to paint portraits of the Imperial family for the Winter Palace.

Sergey Zaryanko (1818–1870) was a Russian inventor, engineer, and scientist. He is best known for his contributions to the development of early electric lighting systems. Zaryanko constructed one of the earliest electric lamps in 1860, which he called the "electric candle." This device used a carbon filament enclosed in a vacuum tube and illuminated when an electric current passed through it. Zaryanko's work on electric lighting laid the groundwork for further advancements in the field, leading eventually to the development of practical incandescent light bulbs. However, his contributions were somewhat overshadowed by those of other inventors like Thomas Edison and Joseph Swan, who achieved greater commercial success with their own versions of the incandescent light bulb.

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Date

1850
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Source

Sotheby's
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public domain

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