The World's Largest Public Domain Media Search Engine
Independence declared 1776. The Union must be preserved / designed and published by Joseph A. Arnold ; Thomas Moore's Lithography, Boston.


Independence declared 1776. The Union must be preserved / designed and published by Joseph A. Arnold ; Thomas Moore's Lithography, Boston.



A memorial to the Declaration of Independence and the American Revolution, with distinctly pro-Democratic overtones. Below the title "Independence Declared" are bust portraits of the first eight Presidents, with Jackson and Van Buren joining hands. Beneath them is a scroll with Andrew Jackson's famous toast, "The Union Must be Preserved." Below stands George Washington, in uniform and holding a scroll inscribed "We declare ourselves free and independent." He faces thirteen soldiers, representing the original American colonies, who are flanked by an American flag and the "National Flag of 1776" showing a pine tree on a white field. In the background rages the Battle of Bunker Hill with Boston visible on the left. The whole scene is flanked by two columns, representing "New-England arising out of Old England." The columns are surmounted by statues of Liberty (left) and Hope (right). On their bases are portraits of American Revolutionary War general Joseph Warren (left) and the Marquis de Lafayette (right). The work resembles in some respects a Van Buren campaign portrait issued in Boston the following year by Thayer, Moore's successor (no. 1840-33).

"Entered ... 1839 by Joseph A. Arnold ... Massachusetts."
Published in: American political prints, 1766-1876 / Bernard F. Reilly. Boston : G.K. Hall, 1991, entry 1839-15.
Exhibited in: Creating the United States, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., 2009.

John Adams, a remarkable political philosopher, served as the second President of the United States (1797-1801), after serving as the first Vice President under President George Washington. "Remember, democracy never lasts long. It soon wastes, exhausts, and murders itself. There never was a democracy yet that did not commit suicide."

James Madison, America's fourth President (1809-1817), made a major contribution to the ratification of the Constitution by writing The Federalist Papers, along with Alexander Hamilton and John Jay. In later years, he was referred to as the "Father of the Constitution." "If Tyranny and Oppression come to this land, it will be in the guise of fighting a foreign enemy."

James Monroe was the fifth President of the United States (1817–1825) and the last President from the Founding Fathers. "Preparation for war is a constant stimulus to suspicion and ill will."

John Quincy Adams, son of John and Abigail Adams, served as the sixth President of the United States from 1825 to 1829. A member of multiple political parties over the years, he also served as a diplomat, a Senator, and a member of the House of Representatives. "All men profess honesty as long as they can. To believe all men honest would be folly. To believe none so is something worse."

Andrew Jackson was the seventh President of the United States from 1829 to 1837, seeking to act as the direct representative of the common man. "I have always been afraid of banks."





Moore, Thomas, lithographer
Arnold, Joseph A., publisher


Library of Congress

Copyright info

No known restrictions on publication.

Explore more

adams john
adams john