Hope, Parmigianino. Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola, Italian.
Allegorical print showing a woman as Hope, one of the theological virtues, with one knee on a bench and both hands raised in prayer toward the sky.
Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photographs Division. Washington : Library of Congress, 1979, pp. 24-28.
Attributed to Vicentino.
After Parmigianino (1503-1540).
Print originally part of Pembroke album, no. 9.
Graphic sampler, p. 25, no. 9
Printmaking in woodcut and engraving came to Northern Italy within a few decades of their invention north of the Alps. Engraving probably came first to Florence in the 1440s, the goldsmith Maso Finiguerra (1426–64) used the technique. Italian engraving caught the very early Renaissance, 1460–1490. Print copying was a widely accepted practice, as well as copying of paintings viewed as images in their own right.