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Holland Tunnel, Beneath Hudson River between New York & Jersey City, New York, New York County, NY

Holland Tunnel, Beneath Hudson River between New York & Jersey City, New York, New York County, NY

 
 
description

Summary

Significance: The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) jointly designated, on May 2, 1984, the Holland Tunnel as an engineering landmark "... in recognition of several engineering firsts: an unprecedented tunnel ventilation system and construction of the longest underwater vehicular tunnel and the largest tube in diameter 29.5-foot diameter twin tubes at the time of completion." (Quoted from ASME/ASCE press release, May 2, 1984). According to the ASME and ASCE, every subsequent vehicular tunnel has used a ventilation system based on the one developed for the Holland Tunnel.
Survey number: HAER NY-161
Building/structure dates: 1927 Initial Construction
National Register of Historic Places NRIS Number: 93001619

Starting in the 1630's, Dutch New Amsterdam settlers tried to set their new home base across the Hudson river. Despite conflict with the native Indian Lenapes tribe, in 1660, a new town known as Bergen was settled atop the Palisade Hill . Soon, farms, religious congregations, and the self-governed communities spread throughout the region. The quiet and rural nature of Bergen survived the American Revolution, but, in 1804, a group of New Yorker investors purchased land along the waterfront for a new development which they called the Town of Jersey. Robert Fulton, an entrepreneur, soon built a dry dock and in 1812 began to run his steamboats and ferries to and from Manhattan to Newark and Philadelphia, sealing area's future as a major transportation hub, connecting the mainland United States with New York and Long Island. Access to the Pennsylvania's coal mines attracted industry which, in turn, required population growth. In the 1880's, Irish and German immigrants, fleeing their homelands, gave the area another boost. It was a melting pot of nationalities and ethnic tensions battlefield. Expansion of the railroads along the waterfront, growing industrialization and a steady supply of workers continued through the Civil War. The area boomed with rail terminals, barges, lighters, and ferries which crossed the river and New York Bay, carrying coal, food, manufactured goods and passengers throughout the Greater New York area. American Can, Emerson Radio, Lorillard tobaccos, Colgate soaps, and toothpaste, Dixon Ticonderoga pencils - are just a few brand names tat were born here. In the years following World War II, the cities declined, following the collapse of the independent railroad lines and death of the factories. In 1980s the now empty west bank of the Hudson, once crowded with railroad yards, became the place of numerous developments, bringing new residents, new stores and restaurants, and new jobs. Liberty State Park, opened for the Bicentennial in 1976, acquired the abandoned terminal and plant of the Jersey Central and gave the area breathtaking views, ferries to Ellis Island and the Statue of Liberty, and the new Liberty Science Center.

person

Contributors

Historic American Engineering Record, creator
Holland, Clifford
Freeman, Milton
Lowe, Jet, photographer
Lebovich, Bill, historian
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In Collections

place

Location

New York, United States40.78306, -73.97125
Google Map of 40.7830603, -73.9712488
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Source

Library of Congress
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Copyright info

No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html