Grotesque from BL Royal 15 E IV, f. 257v
Detail of the bust of a female grotesque, wearing a headdress and a crucifix necklace, emerging from a flower, from the left margin of the folio. Image taken from f. 257v of Anciennes et nouvelles chroniques d'Angleterre, volume 1. Written in French.
Jehan de Waurin (Born near 1398, died near 1474) was illegitimate son of Robert de Waurin, Lord of Wavrin. He was a Burgundian soldier, politician, chronicler and a bibliophile. He put together the first complete history of England. Jehan compiled the Recueil des croniques et anchiennes istories de la Grant Bretaigne ("Account of the chronicles and old histories of Great Britain"), a collection of the sources of English history. Written in French, it extends from 688 to 1471, and a period of the Wars of the Roses. Only England events are covered, with an addition of French and Burgundian events. Wavrin was legitimated in 1437 by Philip the Good and knighted five years later. He fought for the Burgundians at the battle of Verneuil and elsewhere, and then occupying a high position at the court of Philip the Good, duke of Burgundy, was sent as ambassador to Rome in 1463. His first documented visit to England was in 1467, long after he produced the first version of his work.