Fair Lane Mansion, 4901 Evergreen Road, Dearborn, Wayne County, MI
2001 Charles E. Peterson Prize, Second Place
Significance: One of the most stunning yet controversial architectural masterpieces of the 20th century belonged to one of the most influential men in the world during the same time period. Throughout the design and construction process of this National Historic Landmark, three distinct stories emerged to have extreme influence on the outcome of the final product. The man behind the house is Henry Ford. He is credited with changing the face of manufacturing, making mass production possible. The architecture was influenced by Frank Lloyd Wright, though Wright and Ford only met once and Wright never actually lifted a pencil on the project. Marion Mahoney Griffin (the first licensed woman architect) and the firm of Vonholst & Fyfe were commissioned to design "Fair Lane." Controversy, however, led to the demise of that relationship. William Van Tine (interior designer) was hired to complete the work. Because of the change of designers, the genre of architectural style is variable instead of true to the "Prairie Style." Jens Jensen was the landscape architect credited with recreating the natural landscape, returning the grounds to pre-Colonial style. "Put the land back to what it was when the American Indians skied down the banks of the River Rouge."
Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: N623
Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: N851
Survey number: HABS MI-422
Building/structure dates: 1912-1915 Initial Construction
National Register of Historic Places NRIS Number: 66000399