CHIEF EXECUTIVE RETURNS FROM WARM SPRINGS. WASHINGTON, D.C. APRIL 10. LOOKING THE PICTURE OF HEALTH, PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT TODAY RETURNED FROM A SPRING VACATION AT WARM SPRINGS. BESIDES SECRETARY OF COMMERCE HARRY HOPKINS WHO ACCOMPANIED THE PRESIDENT ON THE TRIP FROM HIS GEORGIA RETREAT, OTHERS AT UNION STATION WERE SECRETARY OF STATE CORDELL HULL AND SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY HENRY MORGENTHAU. LITTLE DIANA HOPKINS, DAUGHTER OF THE SECRETARY OF COMMERCE, IS ALSO IN THE PICTURE
U.S. President Trains Photographs. U.S. had the long tradition of building and using private coach railroad cars adjusted for or specifically designed for the president of the United States.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), commonly known as FDR, served as the 32nd President of the United States, from 1933 to 1945. Roosevelt was born in 1882, to a prominent Dutch family from Dutchess County, New York. He attended the elite Groton School and Harvard College. He married Eleanor Roosevelt, with whom he had six children. Roosevelt fought with polio since 1921. He entered politics in 1910, serving in the New York State Senate, and then as Assistant Secretary of the Navy under President Woodrow Wilson. In 1920, Roosevelt ran for vice president with presidential candidate James M. Cox, but lost to the Republican ticket. He successfully ran for Governor of New York in 1928. In 1932 Roosevelt successfully defeated Republican president Herbert Hoover to win the presidency of the United States. In his first hundred days in office, Roosevelt initiated an unprecedented legislation and issued a number of executive orders that instituted the New Deal programs. He created numerous programs supporting the unemployed and farmers, encouraged labor union growth while more closely regulating business and Wall street finance. The repeal of Prohibition in 1933 helped FDR to win re-election in 1936. The economy improved rapidly from 1933 to 1937 but then relapsed into a deep recession in 1937–38. As World War II loomed after 1938, with the Japanese invasion of China and the aggression of Nazi Germany, Roosevelt gave strong diplomatic and financial support to China and the United Kingdom, while remaining officially neutral. His goal was to make America the "Arsenal of Democracy", which would supply munitions to the Allies. In March 1941, Roosevelt, with Congressional approval, provided Lend-Lease aid to Britain and China. Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, United States declared war on Japan and, a few days later, on Germany. During the war, unemployment dropped to 2%, relief programs largely ended, and the industrial economy grew rapidly to new heights as millions of people moved to wartime factory jobs or entered military service. Roosevelt supervised the mobilization of the U.S. economy. As an active military leader, he implemented a war strategy on two fronts that ended in the defeat of the Axis Powers and the development of the world's first nuclear bomb. His work also influenced the later creation of the United Nations and Bretton Woods. Roosevelt's health seriously declined during the war years, and he died three months into his fourth term. "If you treat people right they will treat you right... ninety percent of the time."
New York Upstate FDR residence where Roosevelt received the King and Queen of Britain in 1939 for a visit. A Movie Hyde Park on Hudson (2011) centered around the weekend in 1939 when the King and Queen of the United Kingdom visited upstate New York.
The Wise Men: Six Friends and the World They Made is a 1986 book by Walter Isaacson and Evan Thomas about a group of U.S. government officials and members of the East Coast Establishment. The book starts with post - World War I period and continues in the immediate post-World War II international development, describing how the group of six men of quite different political affiliations developed the containment policy of dealing with the Communist bloc during the Cold War and crafted institutions such as NATO, the World Bank, and the policies of the Marshall Plan. Six people who were influential in the development of Cold War: 1. Dean Acheson, Secretary of State under President Harry Truman 2. Charles E. Bohlen, U.S. Ambassador to the Soviet Union, the Philippines, and France 3. W. Averell Harriman, Special Envoy for President Franklin Roosevelt 4. George F. Kennan, Ambassador to the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia 5. Robert A. Lovett, Truman's Secretary of Defense 6. John J. McCloy, a War Department official and later U.S. High Commissioner for Germany.
U.S. Car No. 1U.S. Car No. 1
President Franklin Delano RooseveltFranklin Delano Roosevelt, commonly known as FDR, served as the 32nd President of the United States, from 1933 to 1945
Hyde Park on HudsonNew York Upstate FDR residence where Roosevelt received the King and Queen of Britain in 1939 for a visit.
Six Wise MenThe Wise Men: Six Friends and the World They Made