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Blinding of Tobit from BL Royal 15 D I, f. 18

Blinding of Tobit from BL Royal 15 D I, f. 18



Miniature of the blinding of Tobit, laying in bed in his house; outside, Tobias leading the angel Raphael into the house; with a full border with birds, a wildman holding a banner bearing the royal arms of England, a centaur, with a banner inscribed with the Yorkist motto, 'Dieu et mon droit', and a shield bearing the royal arms of England, surmounted by a crowned helm with mantling in Edward's colours of red and blue, and surrounded by the Garter with inscription 'Honny soit qui mal y pense'. Image taken from f. 18 of La Bible Historiale, part 4 (Bible Historiale of Edward IV). Written in French.

Bible Historiale was composed between 1291 and 1295 by priest and canon Guyart des Moulins, who added a prologue in 1297 announcing his recent election as dean of his canonial chapter at the collegial church of Saint Pierre d'Aire-sur-la-Lys. Describing his own role as translating and "ordering" the text, Guyart censored or omitted portions of the Bible that "should not, according to reason, be translated", rearranged materials "so that the laity might find them better ordered" and, on rare occasions, added further commentaries of his own or from other sources to produce the work known as the Bible Historiale. The work was copied in many manuscripts, of which more than a hundred survive, most of them richly illuminated, some with more than 300 miniatures, including La Bible historiale complétée (Proverbs - Revelation), France, Central (Paris?), Grand Bible historiale complétée à prologues, and more.



1470 - 1479


British Library

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