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Berlin 1937

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Berlin 1937

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Beskrivelse:Pyntede gater i Berlin, Arbeidets dag (1. mai)/ Berlins 700 års jubileum. Store folkemengder, flagg med hakekors..Fotograf: Thomas Neumann.År: 1937.Kamera: Leica.Film: Agfa color neu.Arkivreferanse: PA1456Ub1_1_1_30..Description: Large crowds and decorated streets with Nazi banners, Labour Day (May 1st) in Berlin 1937..Photographer: Thomas Neumann.Year: 1937.Camera: Leica.Film: Agfa Color Neu

In the spring and summer of 1937, the Norwegian engineer Thomas Neumann was an eager photographer of different motives in Germany and Norway. The film he used was the first of its kind, and very few photos remain in Norwegian collections. From swastika flags flying in the wind and maypoles in Berlin, to sailboats and skiing in Norway – we get a unique coloured picture of the interwar period. Thomas Neumann (1901-1978) earned his degree as an electrical engineer in Dresden. After his graduation in 1928, he worked in Berlin until 1933. Then he worked in various Norwegian companies. Neumann became a member of the Norwegian Nazi party Nasjonal Samling (NS) from the party’s early days. Here he became an important supporter of Johan B. Hjort, who from 1935 was the leader of Hirden (a paramilitary organization under NS). Neumann was appointed propaganda leader in Oslo and Akershus. Neumann left NS in 1937. In October 1944 he was arrested for illegal activity and was imprisoned at Grini until the end of the war. Agfacolor Neu: Colour photography was made accessible to a greater audience in the last half of the 1930s. The companies Kodak (USA) and Agfa (Germany) competed in becoming the first to launch a method that would make colour photography with slides easy and cheap to use. We have received the following comment from Michael Talbert, England: "That such a great many of Agfa Neu photographs have survived for 75 years is incredible ! Apart from the green dye fading from almost all of them they look to be in very good condition for their age, and they were taken only one year after the Agfa Color Neu film was marketed. Apart from the green dye, it looks as if the transparencies have changed to a blue magenta colour as the reds have gone bluish. This maybe due to heat as well as dye fading. Also there is the possibility that some of the unused dye couplers left in the transparencies after processing may contribute to a certain amount of dye fading, or changing the colours of the dyes. But it is amazing that they are in such good condition. And of course, they are a real credit to the Agfa company, and the team under Schneider and Willmanns, who took six years to invent the film, the first film ever in the world to have the dye couplers incorporated into the film, before Kodak, before Ansco, and long before Ilford. Very rare photographs, and a fascinating glimpse in colour of Berlin before the second world war."

This is an attempt to see World War 2 through the eyes of people who lived or fought on the territories controlled by the Axis powers, originally the Rome–Berlin Axis. Axis' principal members in Europe were Nazi Germany, the Kingdom of Italy, Hungary, and Spain. During World War II, Nazi Germany and Axis powers occupied or controlled a number of countries in Europe and beyond. At its zenith in 1942, the Axis presided over large parts of Europe, North Africa, and East Asia, either through occupation, annexation, or puppet states. The collection is made with an image recognition aid, so a small percentage of images may be wrongly attributed as European & 1939-1945. Here is a list of some of the countries that were occupied or allied with Nazi Germany during the war: Austria: Nazi Germany annexed Austria in 1938, after the Anschluss, which was the union of Austria and Germany. Czechoslovakia: Nazi Germany occupied the western and southern regions of Czechoslovakia in 1938, after the Munich Agreement. The rest of the country was occupied in 1939, after the invasion of Poland. Denmark: Nazi Germany occupied Denmark in 1940, after the invasion of Norway. France: Nazi Germany occupied France in 1940, after the fall of Paris. The French government set up a collaborationist regime in the unoccupied zone of Vichy. Greece: Nazi Germany invaded and occupied Greece in 1941, after the fall of Crete. Italy: Italy was an ally of Nazi Germany during World War II, but was also occupied by German forces after the fall of Mussolini in 1943. Netherlands: Nazi Germany occupied the Netherlands in 1940, after the invasion of Belgium. Norway: Nazi Germany invaded and occupied Norway in 1940. Poland: Nazi Germany invaded and occupied Poland in 1939, at the start of World War II. Belgium: Nazi Germany occupied Belgium in 1940, after the invasion of the Netherlands. Luxembourg: Nazi Germany occupied Luxembourg in 1940, after the invasion of Belgium. Ukraine: Nazi Germany occupied parts of Ukraine during World War II, after the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. Belarus: Nazi Germany occupied Belarus during World War II, after the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. Russia: Nazi Germany invaded and occupied parts of the Soviet Union during World War II, after the invasion in 1941. Yugoslavia: Nazi Germany occupied parts of Yugoslavia during World War II, after the invasion in 1941. Albania: Nazi Germany occupied Albania in 1943, after the fall of Mussolini. Hungary: Hungary was an ally of Nazi Germany during World War II, but was also occupied by German forces after the fall of the Hungarian government in 1944. Romania: Romania was an ally of Nazi Germany during World War II, but was also occupied by German forces after the fall of the Romanian government in 1944. Bulgaria: Bulgaria was an ally of Nazi Germany during World War II, but was also occupied by German forces after the fall of the Bulgarian government in 1944. Finland: Finland was an ally of Nazi Germany during World War II, but was not occupied by German forces.

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1937
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Riksarkivet (National Archives of Norway)
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