An exact chart of the river St. Laurence, from Fort Frontenac to the island of Anticosti shewing the soundings, rocks, shoals &c with views of the lands and all necessary instructions for navigating that river to Quebec.
Scale ca. 1:695,000
Relief shown pictorially. Soundings shown in fathoms.
Includes descriptive text.
Insets: The Seven Islands.--A continuation of the river from Quebec to Lake Ontario.--St. Nicholas or English Harbor.--The mountains of our Lady or Notre Dame.--The road of Tadousac.--The traverse or passage from Cape Torment into the South Channel of Orleans Island.--A view of the lands from Cape Torment to the Butt as it appears in sailing through the Travers into South Channel.
Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.
AACR2: 100; 650/1; 651/2; 651/3; 700/1
The word portolan comes from the Italian adjective portolano, meaning "related to ports or harbors", or "a collection of sailing directions". Portolan charts are maps based on compass directions and estimated distances observed by the pilots at sea. They were first made in the 13th century in Italy, and later in Spain and Portugal where they considered to be state secrets. The English and Dutch found the description of Atlantic and Indian coastlines extremely valuable for their raiding, and later trading, ships. The oldest survived portolan is the Carta Pisana, dating from approximately 1296 and the oldest preserved Majorcan Portolan chart is the one made by Angelino Dulcert who produced a portolan in 1339.