Allegorical Figure of Wealth from Palazzo Giugni, Florence
Giovanni Baratta (Italy, Carrara, 1670-1747).c. 1703-1708.Marble.LACMA M.2011.81.1..Florentine sculpture flourished in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. These two marble allegories represent, respectively, Wealth and Prudence and were commissioned from the Florentine sculptor Giovanni Baratta by Niccolò Maria Giugni (1672-1717) for the gallery of his palazzo in Florence. Here, Wealth is personified as a bejeweled woman holding a crown, and Prudence grasps a mirror as well as an arrow around which an eel is swirling. These were the attributes tranditionally associated with the subjects and described in the Iconologia of Cesare Ripa (c. 1560-1622), first published in 1593 but widely used by artists for the next two centuries. Baratta simplified the iconography of Prudence, usually represented with a stag, for the sake of clarity and aesthetic coherence..The sculptures, considered masterpieces of the artist, were acquired around 1902 by James Buchanan Duke (1856-1925), the founder of Duke University, and were kept in the formal French garden of Duke Farms in New Jersey until 2009.
Los Angeles County Museum of Art released at least 24,000 images into the public domain. The art objects in this collection are in this category. Today LACMA is the largest art museum in the western United States, with a collection that includes nearly 130,000 objects dating from antiquity to the present, encompassing the geographic world and nearly the entire history of art.