[Alice Paul and Mrs. Lawrence Lewis holding a conference, Pauline Floyd, sec., at 14 Jackson Place]
Title from another copy of the photo in the National Woman's Party Records, Box I:155, Folder: Paul, Alice.
National Photo Company Collection.
Suffragettes Women's suffrage is the right of women to vote in elections. Beginning in the late 1800s, women worked for broad-based economic and political equality and for social reforms, and sought to change voting laws in order to allow them to vote. National and international organizations formed to coordinate efforts to gain voting rights, especially the International Woman Suffrage Alliance (founded in 1904, Berlin, Germany), and also worked for equal civil rights for women. Women who owned property gained the right to vote in the Isle of Man in 1881, and in 1893, the British colony of New Zealand granted all women the right to vote. Most independent countries enacted women's suffrage in the interwar era, including Canada in 1917; Britain, Germany, Poland in 1918; Austria and the Netherlands in 1919; and the United States in 1920. Leslie Hume argues that the First World War changed the popular mood: "The women's contribution to the war effort challenged the notion of women's physical and mental inferiority and made it more difficult to maintain that women were, both by constitution and temperament, unfit to vote. If women could work in munitions factories, it seemed both ungrateful and illogical to deny them a place in the polling booth. But the vote was much more than simply a reward for war work; the point was that women's participation in the war helped to dispel the fears that surrounded women's entry into the public arena..."
In 1913 Woman suffrage procession organized by Alice Paul and Lucy Burns and led by Inez Milholland marched through Washington, D.C. In 1917 Suffragettes organized the "Silent Sentinels" first protest outside The White House, in Washington led by Alice Paul and the National Woman's Party. Alice Paul served a 7-month jail sentence for protesting women's rights in Washington.
During the administrations of Presidents Wilson, Harding, Coolidge, and Hoover, the National Photo Company supplied photographs of current news events in Washington, D.C., as a daily service to its subscribers. It also prepared sets of pictures on popular subjects and undertook special photographic assignments for local businesses and government agencies. The bulk of the images were created between 1909 and 1932. The photographic files of the National Photo Company, including an estimated 80,000 images (photographic prints and corresponding glass negatives), were acquired by the Library from its proprietor Herbert E. French in 1947.
Collection - SuffragettesSuffragettes
Collection - Alice PaulAlice Paul was the leader of the 1910s suffragist movement for the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution - a right to vote for women. Paul was a leader of the National Woman's Party.
Collection - National Photo CompanyThe National Photo Company Collection, Washington, D.C.