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Alexander III by S. Zaryanko (v. 1855, priv. coll.)

Alexander III by S. Zaryanko (v. 1855, priv. coll.)

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Français : Sergei Konstantinov Zarianko (1818-1871), Portrait du tsar Alexandre III, huile sur toile ovale, signée, vers 1855, 78x71 cm
Cette œuvre de Sergei Zarianko, portraitiste et peintre d’intérieurs formé à l’Imperial Academy of Arts de St-Petersburg, démontre la volonté de l’artiste de rester au plus proche de la réalité. Selon Zarianko, l’objectif de l’art est d’être en effet une imitation de la nature, un portrait devant être quasiment indissociable du modèle vivant. La précision de ses lignes, représentative de l’école d’Alexei Venetsianov (1780-1847), sa capacité d’observation et son intérêt pour la représentation naturaliste se retrouvent donc dans ce portrait du Tsar Alexandre III, empereur de Russie de 1881-1894.
Rosalind P. Gray, Russian Genre Painting in the Nineteenth century, Oxford University Press, 2000

Provenance: Selon la tradition familiale, l’œuvre a quitté la Russie vers la fin du XIXe s. par la lignée Ignatiev. Par succession l’œuvre est devenue la propriété des von Boch puis des Sarasin et est restée dans la même famille jusqu'à ce jour.

Alexey Venetsianov (1780–1847) was born into a merchant family in Moscow. He entered the civil service in the early 19th century and moved to St. Petersburg, where he began to study art. He first practiced with pictures of the Hermitage and with portraits of friends. He later became acquainted with Vladimir Borovikovsky and lived in his house as an apprentice. He tried to work as a freelance portraitist, but received few commissions. In 1811 the Board of the Academy of Arts awarded him the title of Academician for his two works - Self-Portrait and Portrait of K. I. Golovachevsky and the Younger Pupils of the Academy.

Sergey Zaryanko (1818–1870) was a Russian inventor, engineer, and scientist. He is best known for his contributions to the development of early electric lighting systems. Zaryanko constructed one of the earliest electric lamps in 1860, which he called the "electric candle." This device used a carbon filament enclosed in a vacuum tube and illuminated when an electric current passed through it. Zaryanko's work on electric lighting laid the groundwork for further advancements in the field, leading eventually to the development of practical incandescent light bulbs. However, his contributions were somewhat overshadowed by those of other inventors like Thomas Edison and Joseph Swan, who achieved greater commercial success with their own versions of the incandescent light bulb.

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1780
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portraits of alexander iii of russia
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