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Agfacolor neu

Agfacolor neu

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Fargefotografering ble tilgjengelig for et større publikum i siste halvdel av 1930-årene. Selskapene Kodak (USA) og Agfa (Tyskland) konkurrerte om å være først ute med å presentere en metode som ville gjøre fargefotografering med lysbildefilm enkel og rimelig i bruk...Kodak var først ute med sin Kodachrome i 1935, og Agfa meldte også et patent samme år, men fremkallingsprosessen var svært komplisert. Agfa arbeidet videre med sin metode, og tok i 1936 patent på en fargefilm som var så enkel å fremkalle at den kunne gjøres tilgjengelig for et stort publikum. ..Denne nye filmen ble markedsført som Agfacolor Neu og var tilgjengelig i handelen i Tyskland fra sent i 1936. Agfacolor Neu ble dermed den første kommersielt vellykkede fargefilmen, og da patentet ble frigitt etter 2. verdenskrig, ble metoden tatt i bruk av andre produsenter. Kodak hadde derimot utviklet sin egen tekniske løsning i 1937...Colour photography was made accessible to a greater audience in the last half of the 1930s. The companies Kodak (USA) and Agfa (Germany) competed in becoming the first to launch a method that would make colour photography with slides easy and cheap to use...Kodak was first with their Kodachrome in 1935, and Agfa also patented their version in the same year, but the processing was very complicated. Agfa continued to work on their method, and in 1936 patented a colour film that was so easy to process that it could be made accessible to a large audience. ..This new film was marketed as Agfacolor Neu and was accessible in the German stores from late 1936. Agfacolor Neu was thereby the first commercially successful colour film, and when the patent was released after World War II, the method was used by other producers. Kodak, on the other hand, had developed their own technical solution in 1937.

In the spring and summer of 1937, the Norwegian engineer Thomas Neumann was an eager photographer of different motives in Germany and Norway. The film he used was the first of its kind, and very few photos remain in Norwegian collections. From swastika flags flying in the wind and maypoles in Berlin, to sailboats and skiing in Norway – we get a unique coloured picture of the interwar period. Thomas Neumann (1901-1978) earned his degree as an electrical engineer in Dresden. After his graduation in 1928, he worked in Berlin until 1933. Then he worked in various Norwegian companies. Neumann became a member of the Norwegian Nazi party Nasjonal Samling (NS) from the party’s early days. Here he became an important supporter of Johan B. Hjort, who from 1935 was the leader of Hirden (a paramilitary organization under NS). Neumann was appointed propaganda leader in Oslo and Akershus. Neumann left NS in 1937. In October 1944 he was arrested for illegal activity and was imprisoned at Grini until the end of the war. Agfacolor Neu: Colour photography was made accessible to a greater audience in the last half of the 1930s. The companies Kodak (USA) and Agfa (Germany) competed in becoming the first to launch a method that would make colour photography with slides easy and cheap to use. We have received the following comment from Michael Talbert, England: "That such a great many of Agfa Neu photographs have survived for 75 years is incredible ! Apart from the green dye fading from almost all of them they look to be in very good condition for their age, and they were taken only one year after the Agfa Color Neu film was marketed. Apart from the green dye, it looks as if the transparencies have changed to a blue magenta colour as the reds have gone bluish. This maybe due to heat as well as dye fading. Also there is the possibility that some of the unused dye couplers left in the transparencies after processing may contribute to a certain amount of dye fading, or changing the colours of the dyes. But it is amazing that they are in such good condition. And of course, they are a real credit to the Agfa company, and the team under Schneider and Willmanns, who took six years to invent the film, the first film ever in the world to have the dye couplers incorporated into the film, before Kodak, before Ansco, and long before Ilford. Very rare photographs, and a fascinating glimpse in colour of Berlin before the second world war."





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