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Act 8: Gottlieb Säuselin the Improviser (Varietenummer 8: Gottlieb Säuselin der Improvisator)


Act 8: Gottlieb Säuselin the Improviser (Varietenummer 8: Gottlieb Säuselin der Improvisator)



Moriz Jung (Austrian (born Czechoslovakia) Moravia 1885–1915 Manilowa (Carpathians))

Public domain reproduction of art nouveau poster, cover, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Alois Senefelder, the inventor of lithography, introduced the subject of colored lithography in 1818. Printers in other countries, such as France and England, were also started producing color prints. The first American chromolithograph—a portrait of Reverend F. W. P. Greenwood—was created by William Sharp in 1840. Chromolithographs became so popular in American culture that the era has been labeled as "chromo civilization". During the Victorian times, chromolithographs populated children's and fine arts publications, as well as advertising art, in trade cards, labels, and posters. They were also used for advertisements, popular prints, and medical or scientific books.

Moriz Jung (1885-1915) was born in Nikolsburg (now Mikulov), Czech Republic. From 1901 to 1908 he attended the Kunstgewerbeschule in Vienna, showed talent as an illustrator in woodcuts, linocuts, lithographs, and book illustrations, and became a member of the Wiener Werkstätte. Jung's satirical series on early aviation, printed in 1911, is among his most memorable. Moriz Jung died in battle in World War I in the Carpathian mountains in East Gallicia.

Jugendstil, meaning "Youth Style" in German, was an artistic movement that flourished in Germany and parts of Europe from the mid-1890s to around 1910. It's essentially the German version of the broader Art Nouveau movement. The movement has its roots in Munich, Germany. In 1892, a group of visual artists formed the Munich Secession, breaking away from the conservative styles of the art establishment. Their magazine, Jugend (Youth), founded in 1896, became a major platform for Jugendstil ideas and design. The Munich Secession inspired similar movements in other cities like Vienna and Berlin, each with their own take on Jugendstil. Publications like Simplicissimus and Pan further fueled the movement's reach. The style went through two main phases. The earlier phase, before 1900, was heavily influenced by English Art Nouveau and Japanese art. Think flowing, natural forms and floral motifs. Later, a more abstract style emerged, pioneered by the Belgian-born architect Henry van de Velde working in Vienna.





Metropolitan Museum of Art

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moriz jung
moriz jung