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Abbildung der zwo blutigen Seeschlaten sic gehalten, auff den 7. vnd 14. Iuni 1673 zwischen beyden mächtigen königlichen Seeflotten von Franckreich vnd Englandt gegen die von den vereinigten Niderlanden ..

Abbildung der zwo blutigen Seeschlaten sic gehalten, auff den 7. vnd 14. Iuni 1673 zwischen beyden mächtigen königlichen Seeflotten von Franckreich vnd Englandt gegen die von den vereinigten Niderlanden ..

description

Summary

Birds-eye view engraving shows three views on one sheet. The top and largest picture shows galleon ships involved in battle on the sea. The picture on the lower left shows a plan of the star fortress of "Langackershans" (Nieuweschans) on the "Dollart" (Dollard) river. Includes views of troop formations, and dikes built toward Bunde, Germany and Bellingwolde, Netherlands captured by the Dutch on the 12/22 of July, 1673. The picture on the lower right of the sheet shows the plan of the city of Maastricht on the Maas during the siege. Includes small key numbered 1-7 identifying locations in the print.
Title from caption at top of print.
Reference copy in LOT 4601, no. 234.
Illustration in: Hauslab Album, plate 234.
Original album; Purchase; 1950.
Formerly: PR13 CN1950:R01. Originals were housed in blind-tooled morocco album 11 x 17 in. Original binding in P&P Suppl. Archives.

The first recorded sea battle occurred about 1210 BC: Hittites defeated and burned the Cyprus fleet. Athens protected itself from Persia by building a fleet paid for by silver mines profits. Romans developed the technique of grappling and boarding enemy ships with soldiers. Constantinople invented a Greek fire, a flamethrower to burn enemy's ships. Torpedo was invented by the Arab Hasan al-Rammah in 1275. With the Age of Discovery, naval actions in defense of the new colonies grew in scale. In 1588, Spain sent Armada to subdue the English fleet of Elizabeth, but Admiral Sir Charles Howard won the battle, marking the rise of the Pax Britannica. Anglo-Dutch Wars were the first wars to be conducted entirely at sea. Most memorable of these battles was the raid on the Medway, in which the Dutch sailed up the river Thames, and destroyed most of the British fleet. The 18th century was a period of continuous naval wars, in the Mediterranean, in the Atlantic Ocean, and in the Baltic Sea. The Napoleonic Wars culminating in the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. With the advent of the steamship, it became possible to create massive gun platforms and to provide them with heavy armor protection. The battle of the CSS Virginia and USS Monitor in the American Civil War that symbolized the changing times. In the 20th century, the steel-armored battleships with large shell turret guns emerged. The Russo-Japanese Battle of Tsushima in 1905 was the first test of the new concepts, resulting in Japanese victory. Airpower became key to navies throughout the 20th century, moving to jets launched from ever-larger carriers, and augmented by cruisers armed with guided missiles and cruise missiles. During the Pacific War of World War II, the carriers and their airplanes were the stars and the United States became the world's dominant sea power. The Falklands War, however, showed the vulnerability of modern ships to sea-skimming missiles. Parallel to the development of naval aviation was the development of submarines. In the 1950s the Cold War inspired the development of ballistic missile submarines.

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Date

01/01/1673
place

Location

france
create

Source

Library of Congress
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Copyright info

No known restrictions on publication.

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