A history of painting (1911) (14783586665)
Identifier: historyofpaintin01macf (find matches)
Title: A history of painting
Year: 1911 (1910s)
Authors: Macfall, Haldane, 1860-1928
Subjects: Painting Painters
Publisher: London and Edinburgh : T.C. and E.C. Jack
Contributing Library: University of California Libraries
Digitizing Sponsor: Internet Archive
Text Appearing Before Image:
This grandfatherseems to have been a true gentleman, for the boy wasbrought up and educated in his house ; and the fatherseems to have had the boy legitimised in his early youth.This Ser Piero was much given to marrying as well as toaffairs of the heart, for he was four times a bridegroom, andby his third and fourth wives had eleven lawful children—which probably caused considerable friction in youth forLeonardo. In youth his personal beauty was renowned, his speechfascinating, and his charm of manner as remarkable. Ofsuch prodigious strength that he could bend an iron ring or144 XVII LEONARDO DA VINCI1452 i5J9 FLORENTINE AND MILANESE SCHOOLS THE VIRGIN OF THE ROCKS (National Gallery) The Virgin kneels amid flowers beneath dark basaltic rocks. She placesher right hand on the shoulder of St. John the Baptist; her left held outin benediction over the Infant Christ seated on the ground beside anangel. Painted on wood, arched at the top. 6 ft. ci in. h. x 3 ft. 9£ in. w.(1-841 x 1155)-
Text Appearing After Image:
OF PAINTING horse-shoe with his ringers, his touch was so delicate that WHEREINhe was famed for his mastery of the lute. He composed WE MEETmusic, wrote sonnets. His researches into science and art THE GIANTwere profound; his philosophy forestalled most modern i-tiii. thought—he stated Will as the energy of life. He lifted TTiVIF nT7the veil from many secrets of science. Yet, the pursued T„p Rpobject once discovered, he seemed content, and passed to NAISSANCEother things. The only portrait known of Leonardo waspainted in his old age, and gives small hint of the splendidphysique of the man. At eighteen, in 1470, Leonardo joined the studio of thesculptor-painter Andrea del Verrocchio, where he was tomeet gentle Lorenzo di Credi, genial Botticelli, and scoun-drelly Perugino. His abundant and astounding geniussoon revealed itself; and he early surpassed his master inpainting. It was whilst Verrocchio was at work on hisBaptism of Christ, to-day at the Academy in Florence, thatLeonardo,
Andrea del Verrocchio (1435–1488) was a 15th-century Florentine sculptor and painter and the teacher of Leonardo da Vinci. His equestrian statue of Bartolomeo Colleoni, erected in Venice in 1496, is particularly important.
Italian Renaissance painting is most often be divided into four periods: the Proto-Renaissance (1300–1425), the Early Renaissance (1425–1495), the High Renaissance (1495–1520), and Mannerism (1520–1600). The city of Florence is renowned as the birthplace of the Renaissance, and in particular of Renaissance painting. From the early 15th to late 16th centuries, Italy was divided into many political states. The painters of Renaissance Italy wandered Italy, disseminating artistic and philosophical ideas. The Proto-Renaissance begins with the professional life of the painter Giotto and includes Taddeo Gaddi, Orcagna and Altichiero. The Early Renaissance style was started by Masaccio and then further developed by Fra Angelico, Paolo Uccello, Piero della Francesca, Sandro Botticelli, Verrocchio, Domenico Ghirlandaio and Giovanni Bellini. The High Renaissance period was that of Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael, Andrea del Sarto, Coreggio, Giorgione, the latter works of Giovanni Bellini, and Titian. The Mannerist period, dealt with in a separate article, included the latter works of Michelangelo, as well as Pontormo, Parmigianino, Bronzino and Tintoretto.
Early Renaissance or Quattrocento (Italian mille quattrocento, or 1400) refers to the 15th century in Florentine art. Extraordinary wealth was accumulated in Florence among a growing middle and upper class of merchants and bankers. Florence saw itself as a city-state where the freedom of the individual was guaranteed, and where a significant share of residents had the right to participate in the government. In 1400 Florence was engaged in a struggle with the Duke of Milan. Then, between 1408 and 1414 again, by the King of Naples. Both died before they could conquer Florence. In 1425 Florence won the war against Milan. The Florentine interpreted these victories as signs of God's favor and imagined themselves as the "New Rome". In this new optimistic and wealthy environment, Florentine artists immersed themselves in studies of the humanities, architecture, philosophy, theology, mathematics, science, and design. They spurred a rejuvenation of the glories of classical art in line with the humanistic and individualistic tendencies of the contemporary era. Quattrocento was followed by the High Renaissance, North European Renaissance, Mannerism, and Baroque periods. Unlike the previous proto-renaissances, the innovations that emerged in Florence would go on to cause reverberations in Italy and Northern Europe, which continue to influence culture until today.