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William Hogarth

The deterioration of British morals.Created by: PICRYLDated: 2017
The Company of Undertakers
William Hogarth is the father of satirical caricatures and moral paintings, a genre which would later develop into cartoons and one of the most innovative artists of his generation, depicting 18th-century life, culture and his middle-class upbringing.
Born 1697, in a time of social and moral depravity into a poor, middle-class family, he lived in debtors' lodging for five years as a very young boy and had seen the dark side of life. Hogarth started work as an apprentice of Ellis Gamble, a plate engraver, at the age of 16. He developed his artistic skills by attending Sir James Thornhill's Academy of art in London's Covent Garden and gained popularity for his prints that brought art to the common man for the first time in history.
From 1731 onwards, Hogarth produced what was to become known as his 'modern morality' paintings. These were specifically designed to be copied in large numbers and sold as prints to members of the public. The deterioration of British morals particularly concerned him and his satirical engravings illustrate his concerns for his fellow countrymen.
He created a new school of English painting to rival the Old Masters of the Renaissance. Technological advances allowed his engravings to be sold in large numbers to people who would not have been able to previously afford art.
His series of moral paintings, such as A Harlot's Progress and A Rake's Progress took a satirical look at the social order of the day and highlighted the best and worst parts of English culture.
The principals of this work relied heavily on what Hogarth described as 'the Line of Beauty', the serpentine line which was incorporated into much of his work.
437 Media in collectionpage 1 of 5
Marriage A-la-Mode, plate IV (reverse copy)

Marriage A-la-Mode, plate IV (reverse copy)

Copy after William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Sarah Malcolm

Sarah Malcolm

After William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Shrimp Girl

Shrimp Girl

Francesco Bartolozzi (Italian, Florence 1728–1815 Lisbon)

Shop Card for Mrs. Holt's Italian Warehouse

Shop Card for Mrs. Holt's Italian Warehouse

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Hudibras Visiting Sidrophel (Seventeen Small Illustrations for Samuel Butler's Hudibras, no. 11)

Hudibras Visiting Sidrophel (Seventeen Small Illustrations for Samuel ...

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Hudibras Vanquished by Trulla (Seventeen Small Illustrations for Samuel Butler's Hudibras, no. 5)

Hudibras Vanquished by Trulla (Seventeen Small Illustrations for Samue...

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Hudibras First Adventure (Seventeen Small Illustrations for Samuel Butler's Hudibras, no. 2)

Hudibras First Adventure (Seventeen Small Illustrations for Samuel But...

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Hudibras Sallying Forth (Seventeen Small Illustrations for Samuel Butler's Hudibras, no. 1)

Hudibras Sallying Forth (Seventeen Small Illustrations for Samuel Butl...

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Hudibras in Tribulation (Seventeen Small Illustrations for Samuel Butler's Hudibras, no. 7)

Hudibras in Tribulation (Seventeen Small Illustrations for Samuel Butl...

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

The South Sea Scheme

The South Sea Scheme

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

The New Metamorphosis, Plate 4: Invidiosa Releases Fantasio

The New Metamorphosis, Plate 4: Invidiosa Releases Fantasio

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

The New Metamorphosis, Plate 3: The Bandits Abduct Camilla

The New Metamorphosis, Plate 3: The Bandits Abduct Camilla

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

The New Metamorphosis, Plate 2: Fantasio at Church

The New Metamorphosis, Plate 2: Fantasio at Church

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Hudibras Catechized (Plate 9: Illustrations to Samuel Butler's Hudibras)

Hudibras Catechized (Plate 9: Illustrations to Samuel Butler's Hudibra...

After William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Hudibras Vanquished by Trulla (Twelve Large Illustrations for Samuel Butler's Hudibras, Plate 5)

Hudibras Vanquished by Trulla (Twelve Large Illustrations for Samuel B...

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Hudibras in Tribulation (Plate 6: Illustrations to Samuel Butler's Hudibras)

Hudibras in Tribulation (Plate 6: Illustrations to Samuel Butler's Hud...

After William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Hudibras Triumphant (Twelve Large Illustrations for Samuel Butler's Hudibras, Plate 4)

Hudibras Triumphant (Twelve Large Illustrations for Samuel Butler's Hu...

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Cassandra, Frontispiece, Vol. 1

Cassandra, Frontispiece, Vol. 1

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Hudibras's First Adventure (Twelve Large Illustrations for Samuel Butler's Hudibras, Plate 3)

Hudibras's First Adventure (Twelve Large Illustrations for Samuel Butl...

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Dismemberment, etc. (John Beaver, Roman Military Punishments, 1725)

Dismemberment, etc. (John Beaver, Roman Military Punishments, 1725)

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Beheading (John Beaver, Roman Military Punishments, 1725)

Beheading (John Beaver, Roman Military Punishments, 1725)

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Fustigatio (John Beaver, Roman Military Punishments, 1725)

Fustigatio (John Beaver, Roman Military Punishments, 1725)

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Hudibras in Tribulation (Twelve Large Illustrations for Saumel Butler's Hudibras, Plate 6)

Hudibras in Tribulation (Twelve Large Illustrations for Saumel Butler'...

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Hudibras' First Adventure (Twelve Large Illustrations for Samuel Butler's Hudibras, Plate 3)

Hudibras' First Adventure (Twelve Large Illustrations for Samuel Butle...

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Burning the Rumps at Temple Bar (Plate 11: Illustrations to Samuel Butler's Hudibras)

Burning the Rumps at Temple Bar (Plate 11: Illustrations to Samuel But...

After William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Crucifixion, etc. (John Beaver, Roman Military Punishments, 1725)

Crucifixion, etc. (John Beaver, Roman Military Punishments, 1725)

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Hudibras Catechized (Twelve Large Illustrations for Samuel Butler's Hudibras, Plate 9)

Hudibras Catechized (Twelve Large Illustrations for Samuel Butler's Hu...

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

The Committee  (Twelve Large Illustrations for Samuel Butler's Hudibras, Plate 10)

The Committee (Twelve Large Illustrations for Samuel Butler's Hudibra...

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Hudibras Encounters the Skimmington (Plate 7: Illustrations to Samuel Butler's Hudibras)

Hudibras Encounters the Skimmington (Plate 7: Illustrations to Samuel ...

After William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Sir Hudibras His Passing Worth the Manner How He Sallyed Forth (Plate 2: Illustrations to Samuel Butler's Hudibras)

Sir Hudibras His Passing Worth the Manner How He Sallyed Forth (Plate ...

After William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Burning the Rumps at Temple Bar (Twelve Large Illustrations for Samuel Butler's Hudibras, Plate 11)

Burning the Rumps at Temple Bar (Twelve Large Illustrations for Samuel...

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Cassandra, Frontispiece, Vol. 3

Cassandra, Frontispiece, Vol. 3

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Hudibras Triumphant (Twelve Large Illustrations for Samuel Butler's Hudibras, Plate 4)

Hudibras Triumphant (Twelve Large Illustrations for Samuel Butler's Hu...

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Fustium Admonitio (John Beaver, Roman Military Punishments, 1725)

Fustium Admonitio (John Beaver, Roman Military Punishments, 1725)

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Hanging by the Thumbs (Modern Military Punishments)

Hanging by the Thumbs (Modern Military Punishments)

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Hudibras Catechized (Twelve Large Illustrations for Samuel Butler's Hudibras, Plate 9)

Hudibras Catechized (Twelve Large Illustrations for Samuel Butler's Hu...

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Decimation (John Beaver, Roman Military Punishments, 1725)

Decimation (John Beaver, Roman Military Punishments, 1725)

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Hudibras Vanquished by Trulla (Twelve Large Illustrations for Samuel Butler's Hudibras, Plate 5)

Hudibras Vanquished by Trulla (Twelve Large Illustrations for Samuel B...

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Breaking the Legs (John Beaver, Roman Military Punishments, 1725)

Breaking the Legs (John Beaver, Roman Military Punishments, 1725)

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

The Committee (Plate 10: Illustrations to Samuel Butler's Hudibras)

The Committee (Plate 10: Illustrations to Samuel Butler's Hudibras)

After William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Hudibras in Tribulation (Twelve Large Illustrations for Saumel Butler's Hudibras, Plate 6)

Hudibras in Tribulation (Twelve Large Illustrations for Saumel Butler'...

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Cutting Off the Nose (Modern Military Punishments)

Cutting Off the Nose (Modern Military Punishments)

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Cassandra, Frontispiece, Vol. 2:

Cassandra, Frontispiece, Vol. 2:

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Shameful Discharge  (John Beaver, Roman Military Punishments, 1725)

Shameful Discharge (John Beaver, Roman Military Punishments, 1725)

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

The funeral of Chrysostom

The funeral of Chrysostom

One of six illustrations for a projected Spanish language edition of Don Quixote that Hogarth and other illustrators were asked to submit by Tonson, the publisher of the work. This print illustrates the scene w... more

Frontispiece to Nicholas Amhurst's "Terrae-Filius"

Frontispiece to Nicholas Amhurst's "Terrae-Filius"

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Cunicularii, or the Wise Men of Godlimon in Consultation

Cunicularii, or the Wise Men of Godlimon in Consultation

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Freeing of the galley slaves

Freeing of the galley slaves

One of six illustrations for a projected Spanish language edition of Don Quixote that Hogarth and other illustrators were asked to submit by Tonson, the publisher of the work. Don Quixote is freeing convicts in... more

Don Quixote and the Knight of the Rock

Don Quixote and the Knight of the Rock

One of six illustrations for a projected Spanish language edition of Don Quixote that Hogarth and other illustrators were asked to submit by Tonson, the publisher of the work. Chance directs Don Quixote and San... more

Quixote being cared for by the innkeeper's wife and daughter

Quixote being cared for by the innkeeper's wife and daughter

One of six illustrations for a projected Spanish language edition of Don Quixote that Hogarth and other illustrators were asked to submit by Tonson, the publisher of the work. The innkeeper's wife and daughter ... more

The adventures of Mambrino's helmet

The adventures of Mambrino's helmet

One of six illustrations for a projected Spanish language edition of Don Quixote that Hogarth and other illustrators were asked to submit by Tonson, the publisher of the work. Don Quixote is shown at the moment... more

The Punishment Inflicted on Lemuel Gulliver

The Punishment Inflicted on Lemuel Gulliver

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

The curate and barber disguising themselves

The curate and barber disguising themselves

One of six illustrations for a projected Spanish language edition of Don Quixote that Hogarth and other illustrators were asked to submit by Tonson, the publisher of the work. Two of Don Quixote's neighbors are... more

The Beggar's Opera

The Beggar's Opera

Design formerly attributed to William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

Pisces: Hogarth's Quadrille Fish

Pisces: Hogarth's Quadrille Fish

After William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

A Midnight Modern Conversation

A Midnight Modern Conversation

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

A Harlot's Progress, Plate 5

A Harlot's Progress, Plate 5

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

A chorus of singers

A chorus of singers

This print as originally made as a subscription ticket for "A Midnight Modern Conversation." Seventeen men and boys rehearsing William Huggins's oratorio "Judith". Courtesy of Boston Public Library

A Midnight Modern Conversation

A Midnight Modern Conversation

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

A harlot's progress, plate 2

A harlot's progress, plate 2

A lavishly furnished bedroom. Moll distracts her wealthy protector by exposing a breast and at the same time tipping over a tea-table so that her lover can slip quietly out of the room. Courtesy of Boston Public Library

A Harlot's Progress, Plate 1

A Harlot's Progress, Plate 1

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

A harlot's progress, plate 4

A harlot's progress, plate 4

Bridewell prison with inmates (including prostitutes and a card-player) beating hemp under the supervision of a warder holding a cane. Moll is still dressed in her finery, but a one-eyed female attendant finger... more

Frontispiece to Moliere's "Sganarelle, ou le Cocu Imaginaire" (The Imaginary Cuckold)

Frontispiece to Moliere's "Sganarelle, ou le Cocu Imaginaire" (The Ima...

John Vandergucht (British, London 1697–possibly 1732 London)

A Harlot's Progress, Plate 6

A Harlot's Progress, Plate 6

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

A Harlot's Progress, Plate 3

A Harlot's Progress, Plate 3

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

A harlot's progress, plate 5

A harlot's progress, plate 5

A squalid room where Moll Hackabout, wrapped in a sheet, is dying while two doctors (Richard Rock and Jean Misaubin) argue over their remedies. Her serving-woman calls for attention for the invalid, another wom... more

A harlot's progress, plate 6

A harlot's progress, plate 6

A dilapidated room with Moll's friends, mostly prostitutes, gathered around her open coffin. To left, a clergyman gropes beneath a woman's skirt, to right, the undertaker pays court to another who picks a handk... more

A Harlot's Progress, Plate 3

A Harlot's Progress, Plate 3

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

A Harlot's Progress, Plate 4

A Harlot's Progress, Plate 4

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

A harlot's progress, plate 1

A harlot's progress, plate 1

A scene outside the Bell Inn; a country girl, Moll Hackabout, just arrived on the York Wagon, meets an extravagantly dressed bawd (Mother Needham). A clergyman on horseback fails to notice the encounter, but a ... more

A Harlot's Progress, Plate 2

A Harlot's Progress, Plate 2

William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)

A harlot's progress, plate 3

A harlot's progress, plate 3

A shabby room in Drury Lane. Moll is rising late, attended by a serving-woman who has lost part of her nose to syphilis in the background, the magistrate, John Gonson, enters quietly with officers to arrest her... more

Sarah Malcolm

Sarah Malcolm

After William Hogarth (British, London 1697–1764 London)