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Wenceslaus Hollar, Bohemian Etcher

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)Created by: PICRYLDated: 2018
Wenceslaus Hollar - Two eyes and two heads
Wenceslaus (or Vaclav) Hollar was born in Prague in 1607, at that time the capital of Bohemia. Hollar began sketching miniatures and maps in his youth. He learned the skills of copper engraving and the technique of etching with subtle gradations of tone and texture.

In 1627 he left Prague and spent several years traveling around what is now Germany and Holland and Belgium. By 1636 he was in Cologne when Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel, was passing through the city en-route to the Holy Roman Emperor in Vienna on a diplomatic mission. He invited Hollar to join his party to record the journey in pictures. The group traveled up the Rhine, through war-torn areas of Germany, back through the Lowlands and on to London.

Howard lived at Arundel House on the Strand between London and Westminster and close to the royal palace at Whitehall. Arundel was one of the great connoisseurs and collectors of his time, a patron of Peter Paul Rubens and Anthony Van Dyke, both of whom he had attracted to London.

Hollar soon began to make drawings of his adopted homeland Hollar worked on drawings for a catalog that Arundel intended to publish. There was a growing number of merchants, gentry, and aristocrats with an interest in purchasing books published by various printers based around or close to St.Paul’s Cathedral.

The Earl of Arundel sent much of his collection to Antwerp while he went into exile in Italy, leaving his London home to be trashed by Parliamentary troops. He died in Padua in 1644. Hollar moved with his family across the North Sea to Antwerp.

By 1652 the Civil War in England was over and many royalists returned from exile. Soon, Hollar came back to his adopted homeland where he remained for the rest of his life.
1,816 Media in collectionpage 1 of 19
Wenceslaus Hollar - Arundel House from the North, copy

Wenceslaus Hollar - Arundel House from the North, copy

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Wenceslaus Hollar - Roman Baths of Diocletian, Rome

Wenceslaus Hollar - Roman Baths of Diocletian, Rome

Baths of Diocletian in Rome, seen from outside, partly overgrown with vegetation; after Sebastian Vrancx Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Old St. Paul's Cathedral, London, seen from the East

Old St. Paul's Cathedral, London, seen from the East

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Helmeted head, Parmigianino. Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola, Italian.

Helmeted head, Parmigianino. Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola, Italian...

After Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Wenceslaus Hollar - Ruins of St Croix de Jerusalem

Wenceslaus Hollar - Ruins of St Croix de Jerusalem

Ruins of St Croix de Jerusalem, two arches intact in background at right; seated man sketching at far left; after Sebastian Vrancx Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Wenceslaus Hollar - Woman, 17th century, Bohemia

Wenceslaus Hollar - Woman, 17th century, Bohemia

After Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Wenceslaus Hollar - London from Arundel House, copy

Wenceslaus Hollar - London from Arundel House, copy

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Wenceslaus Hollar - Six Boys, 16th century, Bohemia

Wenceslaus Hollar - Six Boys, 16th century, Bohemia

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Bonn, Wenceslaus Hollar, Bohemia

Bonn, Wenceslaus Hollar, Bohemia

View from the river Rhine, with Bonn on the left bank, where buildings include a windmill;. One of a set of 12 views in Germany, formerly in an album, now disbound. According to Vertue, these prints based on dr... More

Leonardo da Vinci - Wenceslaus Hollar - Two deformed heads

Leonardo da Vinci - Wenceslaus Hollar - Two deformed heads

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Wenceslaus Hollar - Gezicht op Medlinga/Mödling

Wenceslaus Hollar - Gezicht op Medlinga/Mödling

Gezicht op Mödling en omgeving. Linksonder een inzet met afbeelding van mensen aan het werk met een wijnpers. Boekdruk op verso. Uit 'Civitates Orbis Terrarum', 1572-1680.

Wenceslaus Hollar - Twee mannenbustes in profiel naar links

Wenceslaus Hollar - Twee mannenbustes in profiel naar links

Blad met twee voorstellingen. Links: een buste van een man met een hoed met veren in profiel naar links. Rechts: een buste van een man met een sjaal om zijn hoofd.

Wenceslaus Hollar - View of Vienna, Bohemia

Wenceslaus Hollar - View of Vienna, Bohemia

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Wenceslaus Hollar - Zuilengalerij en binnenplaats van een paleis
Head of a man with serious expression

Head of a man with serious expression

Head of a man with serious expression, after Leonardo da Vinci Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Head of a young man, turned slightly to right

Head of a young man, turned slightly to right

Head of a young man, turned slightly to right;shoulder length hair with forehead fringe; moustache Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Wenceslaus Hollar - Jug with arabesques on the base

Wenceslaus Hollar - Jug with arabesques on the base

Jug facing left with arabesques on the base, after Holbein Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Man with doleful expression to left with hand emerging from cloak

Man with doleful expression to left with hand emerging from cloak

Man with doleful expression to left with hand emerging from cloak, after Leonardo da Vinci Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Wenceslaus Hollar - Four cherubs carrying a cross

Wenceslaus Hollar - Four cherubs carrying a cross

Four cherubs carrying a cross Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Two youths in profile to left with two grotesque heads facing each other below

Two youths in profile to left with two grotesque heads facing each oth...

Two heads of young men, the one at left in profile to left, the other in three-quarter profile to left; bolow, two grotesque heads of old men with long pointed noses, facing each other; after Leonardo da Vinci.... More

Leonardo da Vinci - Wenceslaus Hollar - Two deformed heads

Leonardo da Vinci - Wenceslaus Hollar - Two deformed heads

Two grotesque figures facing each other. Not by Hollar. Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Leonardo da Vinci - Wenceslaus Hollar - Two heads, 17th century

Leonardo da Vinci - Wenceslaus Hollar - Two heads, 17th century

Left: An old woman with a receding chin; Right: a clean shaven man with bowl cut hair or a hat. Not by Hollar. Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Wenceslaus Hollar - The Rhine near Bonn, copy

Wenceslaus Hollar - The Rhine near Bonn, copy

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Wenceslaus Hollar - Seven hunting horns in three groupings

Wenceslaus Hollar - Seven hunting horns in three groupings

Seven hunting horns in three groupings Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Wenceslaus Hollar - Peter Paul Rubens (Petrus Paulus Rubenius)

Wenceslaus Hollar - Peter Paul Rubens (Petrus Paulus Rubenius)

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Infant Hercules asleep, Parmigianino. Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola, Italian.

Infant Hercules asleep, Parmigianino. Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola...

Infant Hercules asleep; lying naked on a cloak, head to right, among leafy branches under tree, his club between his legs; two birds perched above his head, after Parmigianino Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Pragu... More

Infant Hercules asleep, Parmigianino. Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola, Italian.

Infant Hercules asleep, Parmigianino. Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola...

Infant Hercules asleep; lying naked on a cloak, head to right, among leafy branches under tree, his club between his legs; two birds perched above his head, after Parmigianino Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Pragu... More

Wenceslaus Hollar - Nine Small Boys, Bohemia

Wenceslaus Hollar - Nine Small Boys, Bohemia

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Hans Holbein the Younger - Entombment, 17th century

Hans Holbein the Younger - Entombment, 17th century

Plate 14. Christ's body is laid in a tomb in a cave, the Virgin, at left, is holding his hand. St Mary Magdalen grieves behind her; after a follower of Hans Holbein. Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Hans Holbein the Younger - Jesus before Annas

Hans Holbein the Younger - Jesus before Annas

Jesus is dragged from the left towards a Cardinal enthroned in a niche at the upper right. A small dog is seated at bottom center. Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Wenceslaus Hollar - Antwerp, 17th century, Bohemia

Wenceslaus Hollar - Antwerp, 17th century, Bohemia

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Wenceslaus Hollar - Five hunting horns, Bohemia

Wenceslaus Hollar - Five hunting horns, Bohemia

Five hunting horns Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Wenceslaus Hollar - Antwerp Cathedral (Prospectvs Tvrris Ecclesiæ Cathedralis)

Wenceslaus Hollar - Antwerp Cathedral (Prospectvs Tvrris Ecclesiæ Cath...

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Infant Hercules asleep, Parmigianino. Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola, Italian.

Infant Hercules asleep, Parmigianino. Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola...

Infant Hercules asleep; lying naked on a cloak, head to right, among leafy branches under tree, his club between his legs; two birds perched above his head, after Parmigianino Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Pragu... More

Wenceslaus Hollar - Pieter van Avont - The Kneeling Magdalen

Wenceslaus Hollar - Pieter van Avont - The Kneeling Magdalen

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Pieter van Avont - Sleeping Huntress, 17th century, Paulus Potter

Pieter van Avont - Sleeping Huntress, 17th century, Paulus Potter

Landscape with Diana sleeping at the foot of a tree, a quiver in lower right; after Peeter van Avont Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Head of an old man wearing cap in profile to left

Head of an old man wearing cap in profile to left

Head of an old man wearing cap in profile to left, after Leonardo da Vinci Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

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