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Wenceslaus Hollar, Bohemian Etcher

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)Created by: PICRYLDated: 2018
Two eyes and two heads
Wenceslaus (or Vaclav) Hollar was born in Prague in 1607, at that time the capital of Bohemia. Hollar began sketching miniatures and maps in his youth. He learned the skills of copper engraving and the technique of etching with subtle gradations of tone and texture.

In 1627 he left Prague and spent several years traveling around what is now Germany and Holland and Belgium. By 1636 he was in Cologne when Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel, was passing through the city en-route to the Holy Roman Emperor in Vienna on a diplomatic mission. He invited Hollar to join his party to record the journey in pictures. The group traveled up the Rhine, through war-torn areas of Germany, back through the Lowlands and on to London.

Howard lived at Arundel House on the Strand between London and Westminster and close to the royal palace at Whitehall. Arundel was one of the great connoisseurs and collectors of his time, a patron of Peter Paul Rubens and Anthony Van Dyke, both of whom he had attracted to London.

Hollar soon began to make drawings of his adopted homeland Hollar worked on drawings for a catalog that Arundel intended to publish. There was a growing number of merchants, gentry, and aristocrats with an interest in purchasing books published by various printers based around or close to St.Paul’s Cathedral.

The Earl of Arundel sent much of his collection to Antwerp while he went into exile in Italy, leaving his London home to be trashed by Parliamentary troops. He died in Padua in 1644. Hollar moved with his family across the North Sea to Antwerp.

By 1652 the Civil War in England was over and many royalists returned from exile. Soon, Hollar came back to his adopted homeland where he remained for the rest of his life.
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1899
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1899
402 Media in collectionpage 1 of 5
Six Boys

Six Boys

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Ruins of St Croix de Jerusalem

Ruins of St Croix de Jerusalem

Ruins of St Croix de Jerusalem, two arches intact in background at right; seated man sketching at far left; after Sebastian Vrancx Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Baths of Diocletian, Rome

Baths of Diocletian, Rome

Baths of Diocletian in Rome, seen from outside, partly overgrown with vegetation; after Sebastian Vrancx Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Old St. Paul's Cathedral, London, seen from the East

Old St. Paul's Cathedral, London, seen from the East

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

London from Arundel House, copy

London from Arundel House, copy

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

View of Vienna

View of Vienna

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

A Griffin
Rex et Regina de Tunis

Rex et Regina de Tunis

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Head of a muscular old man in profile to left with flowing hair

Head of a muscular old man in profile to left with flowing hair

Head of a muscular old man in profile to left with flowing hair, after Leonardo da Vinci Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Albury
Carrying the cross

Carrying the cross

Plate 12. Christ bears his cross while beaten by monks with pilgrims' staves; a winding road leads up a hill beside a castle at left; after a follower of Hans Holbein Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1... more

Head of Young Man

Head of Young Man

Head of a youth with curly hair falling over the nape of his neck, in profile to left; after Leonardo da Vinci; second state, right side of cut plate Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

The Kunibert Tower near Cologne (copy)

The Kunibert Tower near Cologne (copy)

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

The Prospect of Bermingham, from Ravenshurst (neere London-road) on the South-east part of towne (Birmingham)

The Prospect of Bermingham, from Ravenshurst (neere London-road) on th...

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Two youths in profile to left with two grotesque heads facing each other below

Two youths in profile to left with two grotesque heads facing each oth...

Two heads of young men, the one at left in profile to left, the other in three-quarter profile to left; bolow, two grotesque heads of old men with long pointed noses, facing each other; after Leonardo da Vinci.... more

Lower portion of a scabbard

Lower portion of a scabbard

Lower portion of a scabbard, after Hans Holbein Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Sleeping Huntress

Sleeping Huntress

Landscape with Diana sleeping at the foot of a tree, a quiver in lower right; after Peeter van Avont Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Jesus before Annas

Jesus before Annas

Jesus is dragged from the left towards a Cardinal enthroned in a niche at the upper right. A small dog is seated at bottom center. Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Head of an old man wearing cap in profile to left

Head of an old man wearing cap in profile to left

Head of an old man wearing cap in profile to left, after Leonardo da Vinci Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Infant Hercules asleep

Infant Hercules asleep

Infant Hercules asleep; lying naked on a cloak, head to right, among leafy branches under tree, his club between his legs; two birds perched above his head, after Parmigianino Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Pragu... more

Resurrection
Two heads

Two heads

Left: An old woman with a receding chin; Right: a clean shaven man with bowl cut hair or a hat. Not by Hollar. Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Strasbourg: The Toll House

Strasbourg: The Toll House

Distant view of a Toll House on the bank of the river Ill near Strasbourg, obscured by trees at right, with rowing boat approaching. One of a set of 12 views in Germany, formerly in an album, now disbound. Acco... more

Four grotesque heads in profile to left

Four grotesque heads in profile to left

Four grotesque heads of elderly men in profile to left, arranged in two rows, the one at lower right wearing a a three-tiered cap; after Leonardo da Vinci. Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Antwerp

Antwerp

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Two cherubs dancing with a small boy, not by Hollar

Two cherubs dancing with a small boy, not by Hollar

Two cherubs dancing with a small boy Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Infant Hercules asleep

Infant Hercules asleep

Infant Hercules asleep; lying naked on a cloak, head to right, among leafy branches under tree, his club between his legs; two birds perched above his head, after Parmigianino Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Pragu... more

Three profile heads, one in outline only

Three profile heads, one in outline only

Three heads in profile to left; at left, outline of the head of a youth; in middle, head of an old man; at right, head of a youth, with curly hair falling over the nape of his neck; after Leonardo da Vinci Wenc... more

Grotesque old man with flattened nose in profile to left

Grotesque old man with flattened nose in profile to left

Grotesque old man with flattened nose in profile to left, after Leonardo da Vinci Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Head studies

Head studies

Seven head studies of men of different ages, after Leonardo da Vinci Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Jug with arabesques on the base

Jug with arabesques on the base

Jug facing left with arabesques on the base, after Holbein Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

The church by the water

The church by the water

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Albury
Jug with lid, engraved with arabesque pattern, the narrow spout to right ending in snake's head, handle to left.

Jug with lid, engraved with arabesque pattern, the narrow spout to rig...

Jug with lid, engraved with arabesque pattern, the narrow spout to right ending in snake's head, handle to left; after Hans Holbe Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Four cherubs carrying a cross

Four cherubs carrying a cross

Four cherubs carrying a cross Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Antwerp Cathedral (Prospectvs Tvrris Ecclesiæ Cathedralis)

Antwerp Cathedral (Prospectvs Tvrris Ecclesiæ Cathedralis)

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Nine Small Boys

Nine Small Boys

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

A dead stag, anonymous copy

A dead stag, anonymous copy

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Five Heads
Head of a young man, turned slightly to right

Head of a young man, turned slightly to right

Head of a young man, turned slightly to right;shoulder length hair with forehead fringe; moustache Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

November

November

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

September

September

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

May

May

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

March

March

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

October

October

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

January

January

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

February

February

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)