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Wenceslaus Hollar, Bohemian Etcher

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)Created by: PICRYLDated: 2018
Two eyes and two heads
Wenceslaus (or Vaclav) Hollar was born in Prague in 1607, at that time the capital of Bohemia. Hollar began sketching miniatures and maps in his youth. He learned the skills of copper engraving and the technique of etching with subtle gradations of tone and texture.

In 1627 he left Prague and spent several years traveling around what is now Germany and Holland and Belgium. By 1636 he was in Cologne when Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel, was passing through the city en-route to the Holy Roman Emperor in Vienna on a diplomatic mission. He invited Hollar to join his party to record the journey in pictures. The group traveled up the Rhine, through war-torn areas of Germany, back through the Lowlands and on to London.

Howard lived at Arundel House on the Strand between London and Westminster and close to the royal palace at Whitehall. Arundel was one of the great connoisseurs and collectors of his time, a patron of Peter Paul Rubens and Anthony Van Dyke, both of whom he had attracted to London.

Hollar soon began to make drawings of his adopted homeland Hollar worked on drawings for a catalog that Arundel intended to publish. There was a growing number of merchants, gentry, and aristocrats with an interest in purchasing books published by various printers based around or close to St.Paul’s Cathedral.

The Earl of Arundel sent much of his collection to Antwerp while he went into exile in Italy, leaving his London home to be trashed by Parliamentary troops. He died in Padua in 1644. Hollar moved with his family across the North Sea to Antwerp.

By 1652 the Civil War in England was over and many royalists returned from exile. Soon, Hollar came back to his adopted homeland where he remained for the rest of his life.
1,816 Media in collectionpage 1 of 19
Arundel House from the North, copy

Arundel House from the North, copy

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Baths of Diocletian, Rome

Baths of Diocletian, Rome

Baths of Diocletian in Rome, seen from outside, partly overgrown with vegetation; after Sebastian Vrancx Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Ruins of St Croix de Jerusalem

Ruins of St Croix de Jerusalem

Ruins of St Croix de Jerusalem, two arches intact in background at right; seated man sketching at far left; after Sebastian Vrancx Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Helmeted head

Helmeted head

After Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Old St. Paul's Cathedral, London, seen from the East

Old St. Paul's Cathedral, London, seen from the East

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

London from Arundel House, copy

London from Arundel House, copy

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Six Boys

Six Boys

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Gezicht op Medlinga/Mödling

Gezicht op Medlinga/Mödling

Gezicht op Mödling en omgeving. Linksonder een inzet met afbeelding van mensen aan het werk met een wijnpers. Boekdruk op verso. Uit 'Civitates Orbis Terrarum', 1572-1680.

Twee mannenbustes in profiel naar links

Twee mannenbustes in profiel naar links

Blad met twee voorstellingen. Links: een buste van een man met een hoed met veren in profiel naar links. Rechts: een buste van een man met een sjaal om zijn hoofd.

View of Vienna

View of Vienna

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Zuilengalerij en binnenplaats van een paleis

Zuilengalerij en binnenplaats van een paleis

De prent maakt deel uit van een album.

Man with doleful expression to left with hand emerging from cloak

Man with doleful expression to left with hand emerging from cloak

Man with doleful expression to left with hand emerging from cloak, after Leonardo da Vinci Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Seven hunting horns in three groupings

Seven hunting horns in three groupings

Seven hunting horns in three groupings Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Head of a young man, turned slightly to right

Head of a young man, turned slightly to right

Head of a young man, turned slightly to right;shoulder length hair with forehead fringe; moustache Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Two heads

Two heads

Left: An old woman with a receding chin; Right: a clean shaven man with bowl cut hair or a hat. Not by Hollar. Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Two deformed heads

Two deformed heads

Two grotesque figures facing each other. Not by Hollar. Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Crucifixion
Two youths in profile to left with two grotesque heads facing each other below

Two youths in profile to left with two grotesque heads facing each oth...

Two heads of young men, the one at left in profile to left, the other in three-quarter profile to left; bolow, two grotesque heads of old men with long pointed noses, facing each other; after Leonardo da Vinci.... more

The Rhine near Bonn, copy

The Rhine near Bonn, copy

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Peter Paul Rubens (Petrus Paulus Rubenius)

Peter Paul Rubens (Petrus Paulus Rubenius)

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Four cherubs carrying a cross

Four cherubs carrying a cross

Four cherubs carrying a cross Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Head of a man with serious expression

Head of a man with serious expression

Head of a man with serious expression, after Leonardo da Vinci Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Jug with arabesques on the base

Jug with arabesques on the base

Jug facing left with arabesques on the base, after Holbein Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Five Heads
Infant Hercules asleep

Infant Hercules asleep

Infant Hercules asleep; lying naked on a cloak, head to right, among leafy branches under tree, his club between his legs; two birds perched above his head, after Parmigianino Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Pragu... more

Nine Small Boys

Nine Small Boys

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Schiff-math
Antwerp

Antwerp

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Albury
Five hunting horns

Five hunting horns

Five hunting horns Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Albury
Infant Hercules asleep

Infant Hercules asleep

Infant Hercules asleep; lying naked on a cloak, head to right, among leafy branches under tree, his club between his legs; two birds perched above his head, after Parmigianino Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Pragu... more

Jesus before Annas

Jesus before Annas

Jesus is dragged from the left towards a Cardinal enthroned in a niche at the upper right. A small dog is seated at bottom center. Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Entombment

Entombment

Plate 14. Christ's body is laid in a tomb in a cave, the Virgin, at left, is holding his hand. St Mary Magdalen grieves behind her; after a follower of Hans Holbein. Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Resurrection
Head studies

Head studies

Seven head studies of men of different ages, after Leonardo da Vinci Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Sleeping Huntress

Sleeping Huntress

Landscape with Diana sleeping at the foot of a tree, a quiver in lower right; after Peeter van Avont Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

Jug with lid, engraved with arabesque pattern, the narrow spout to right ending in snake's head, handle to left.

Jug with lid, engraved with arabesque pattern, the narrow spout to rig...

Jug with lid, engraved with arabesque pattern, the narrow spout to right ending in snake's head, handle to left; after Hans Holbe Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)

The Kneeling Magdalen

The Kneeling Magdalen

Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)