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US Marine Corps

The United States Marine CorpsCreated by: PICRYLDated: 2001
US Marines patrol the streets of downtown Beirut in an M151 light vehicle. The Marines have been deployed in Lebanon as part of a multi-national peacekeeping force following confrontation between Israeli forces and the Palestine Liberation Organization
The United States Marine Corps traces its roots to the Continental Marines of the American Revolutionary War, formed by a resolution of the Second Continental Congress on 10 November 1775. That date is celebrated as the Marine Corps's birthday.

Throughout the late 19th and 20th centuries, Marine detachments served aboard Navy cruisers, battleships, and aircraft carriers.

About 600,000 Americans served in the U.S. Marine Corps in World War II, performed a central role in the Pacific War. The Pacific theatre battles saw fierce fighting between Marines and the Imperial Japanese Army. The Battle of Iwo Jima was arguably the most famous Marine engagement of the war with high losses of 26,000 American casualties and 22,000 Japanese. By the end of WWII, the Corps expanded totaling about 485,000 Marines. Nearly 87,000 Marines were casualties during World War II (including nearly 20,000 killed), and 82 were awarded the Medal of Honor.

The Korean War saw the Corps expand from 75,000 regulars to a force of 261,000 Marines, mostly reservists. 30,544 Marines were killed or wounded during the war.

During Vietnam War Marines evacuated Saigon. Vietnam was the longest war for Marines. By its end, 13,091 had been killed in action, 51,392 had been wounded.

Marines participated in the failed 1980 Iran hostage rescue attempt, the invasion of Grenada, the invasion of Panama. On 23 October 1983, the Marine headquarters building in Beirut, Lebanon, was bombed, causing the highest peacetime losses to the Corps in its history. 220 Marines and 21 other service members were killed.

Marines liberated Kuwait during the Persian Gulf War, participated in combat operations in Somalia (1992–1995), and took part in the evacuation of American citizens from the US Embassy in Tirana, Albania.

Following the attacks on 11 September 2001, Marine Corps, alongside the other military services, has engaged in global operations around the world in support of War on Terror. Marines were among first sent to Afghanistan in November 2001. Since then, Marine battalions and squadrons have been engaging Taliban and Al-Qaeda forces. U.S. Marines also served in the Iraq War.
33,172 Media in collectionpage 1 of 332
Marine Sgt. at New Orleans, La.
Ford Motor Co. Marine Car at Dist. Bldg., 9/14/26
I, do acknowledge that I have voluntarily enlisted myself to serve four years in the Marine Corps of the United States, unless sooner discharged, upon the terms mentioned in the Act passed the 11th day of July, 1798 ... I, do solemnly swear, or

I, do acknowledge that I have voluntarily enlisted myself to serve fou...

Attached to copy one. Page Order: Leaflet Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 231, Folder 7.

Headquarters of the Marine corps. Adjutant and Inspector's office. Washington, Orders. [16 orders] A. Henderson, Colonel commandant marine corps. [1840].

Headquarters of the Marine corps. Adjutant and Inspector's office. Was...

Page Order: Leaflet Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 232, Folder 3.

[U.S. Marine smoking pipe as drawn by Japanese artist]

[U.S. Marine smoking pipe as drawn by Japanese artist]

Drawing is the last scene on the "American Doll Scroll", depicting Perry's expedition to Japan, 1853. Watercolor by contemporary Japanese artist. Title devised by Library staff.

[Two U.S. Marine officers and two enlisted men, members of Perry's Japanese expedition]

[Two U.S. Marine officers and two enlisted men, members of Perry's Jap...

Drawing is first panel on the scroll "Perry's First Landing at Kurihama, July 8, 1853 ." Watercolor drawing by contemporary Japanese artist. Title devised by Library staff.

[U.S. Marines, led by four musicians, marching in formation toward two officers]

[U.S. Marines, led by four musicians, marching in formation toward two...

Drawing is fourth scene on the "American Doll Scroll", depicting Perry's expedition to Japan, 1853. Watercolor drawing by contemporary Japanese artist. Title devised by Library staff.

The Harper's Ferry insurrection--The U.S. Marines storming the engine house--Insurgents firing through holes in the doors / from a sketch made on the spot by our special artist.

The Harper's Ferry insurrection--The U.S. Marines storming the engine ...

Illus. in: Frank Leslie's illustrated newspaper, v. 8, no. 204 (1859 Oct. 29), p. 342.

[Commandant's house at the U.S. Marine Corps Barracks, Washington, D.C.]

[Commandant's house at the U.S. Marine Corps Barracks, Washington, D.C...

Title devised by Library staff. Duplicate in LOT 11800-K1. LC negative number LC-G7-321. Forms part of: James M. Goode Collection (Library of Congress).

Capt. J. Faunce, Revenue Marine, American Civil War Photograph, Glass Negative.

Capt. J. Faunce, Revenue Marine, American Civil War Photograph, Glass ...

Annotation from negative, scratched on emulsion: 2134. Credit line: Civil war photographs, 1861-1865, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division. General information about Civil war photographs is ava... More

U.S. Marine Band, Mathew Brady Photograph, 1850s.
Capt. J. Faunce, Revenue Marine, American Civil War Photograph, Glass Negative.
Col. John Harris? U.S. Marine Corps. Commandant Marine Corps. Hdq. Washington Barracks. Wash. D.C.
Capt. H.B. Nones (Revenue Marine), American Civil War Photograph, Glass Negative.
Capt. J. Faunce, Revenue Marine, American Civil War Photograph, Glass Negative.
Capt. J. Faunce, Revenue Marine, American Civil War Photograph, Glass Negative.
Capt. H.B. Nones (Revenue Marine), American Civil War Photograph, Glass Negative.
Col. John Harris? U.S. Marine Corps. Commandant Marine Corps. Hdq. Washington Barracks. Wash. D.C.
The true peace commissioners, Confederate States of America.

The true peace commissioners, Confederate States of America.

An angered response to false Confederate peace overtures and to the push for reconciliation with the South advanced by the Peace Democrats in 1864. (See also "The Sportsman Upset by the Recoil of His Own Gun," ... More

Washington, District of Columbia. Battalion of Marine Corps at Navy Yard
Woodworth, Sarg-General John M. (U.S. Marine Hospital)
U.S. Marine Hospital, Rincon Point, San Francisco

U.S. Marine Hospital, Rincon Point, San Francisco

The Library holds only one photo from a pair published as a stereographic view. Gems of California scenery, no. 388. LOT subdivision subject: San Francisco Public Buildings (Schools, Hospitals, etc.). This reco... More

U.S. Marine Hospital and Goat Island - From Steamboat Point, San Francisco

U.S. Marine Hospital and Goat Island - From Steamboat Point, San Franc...

The Library holds only one photo from a pair published as a stereographic view. Gems of California scenery, no. 385. LOT subdivision subject: San Francisco Waterfront. This record contains unverified old data f... More

Marines at Brooklyn Navy Yard
Marine band at Brooklyn Navy Yard
Returning from drill, Hampton Roads
Returning from drill, Hampton Roads
U.S.S. San Francisco, Marine guard
A Landing party at Hampton Roads
U.S.S. Newark, marine guard parading on quarter deck
U.S.S. Newark, marine guard
U.S.S. Newark, machine guns
[John Philip Sousa, 1854-1932, full-length portrait, standing, facing left, with the U. S. Marine Corps band at the Palace Hotel, San Francisco]

[John Philip Sousa, 1854-1932, full-length portrait, standing, facing ...

54121 U.S. Copyright Office. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: PI; Shelf.

U.S.S. New York, marine guard
U.S.S. New York, marine guard
U.S.S. Columbia, Marines
U.S.S. Columbia, marines
U.S.S. Indiana, group of marines
U.S.S. Oregon, 1-pounder and gunner
U.S.S. Maine, marine skirmish drill
[U.S.S. Brooklyn, marine guard, bayonet drill]
[U.S.S. Brooklyn, Marine Guard, signal drill]
U.S.S. Massachusetts, marine guard
U.S.S. Massachusetts, marines at mess
U.S.S. Brooklyn, Marine guard, company drill by sections
U.S.S. Brooklyn, Marine guard company drill
U.S.S. Brooklyn, Marine guard bayonet drill
[U.S.S. Brooklyn, Marine guard company drill by sections]
U.S.S. Brooklyn, Marine guard company drill
U.S.S. Brooklyn, Marine guard signal drill
U.S.S. Brooklyn, First Sergeant, Marine Corps
U.S.S. Brooklyn, Marine guard
U.S.S. Brooklyn, Marine guard company drill by sections

U.S.S. Brooklyn, Marine guard company drill by sections

Title devised by cataloger. Attribution based on negative D4-20231. "Dup" and "3" on negative. Detroit Publishing Co. no. 020232. Gift; State Historical Society of Colorado; 1949.

Signal man at Camp M'Calla [i.e. McCalla], Guantanamo, June 1898
Landing marines and burning fishing village at Guantanamo, June 10, 1898
Graves of Marines killed in battle at Guantanamo, June 14, 1898
Marine encampment at Camp M'Calla [i.e. McCalla], Guantanamo, June, 1898
[U.S.S. Iowa, Marine Guard]
Marine encampment at Camp M'Calla [i.e. McCalla], Guantanamo, June 1898
U.S.S. Iowa, Marine guard
U.S.S. Maine, Marines embarking at Hampton Roads
Marine encampment at Camp M'Calla [i.e. McCalla], Guantanamo, June 1898
Landing Marines and burning fishing village at Guantanamo, June 10, 1898
Marines, U.S.S. New York
[Sailors and Marines from the fleet, Dewey Land Parade]
Marines who went to France
Former President of San Domingo inspects Marine Guard on arrival in Capital. Washington, D.C., July 6. General Rafael L. Trujillo, former President of the Dominican Republic, inspects the Marine Honor Guard shortly after his arrival at Union Station today. On left is Lt. Col. T.E. Watson
U.S.S. Kentucky, Marines drilling
Marines & pontoon bridge to "Syrius"
Marines depart
Harry Lauder & Marine
Marine field telegraph
Marines dig a trench (French)
Landing Marines at Hampton Roads, Va.
Marines' movie men
Marines at Vera Cruz
Marines ready to fire 3-inch gun
Marine tractor
Marine tractor for 3-inch guns
Marines resting behind lines
Marine field telegraph
Jap[anese] Marines
[A Landing party at Hampton Roads]
Returning marines
Marines in France
Early automobiles - Marines in Paris
Marine Band
Rest house for marine flyers, Miami
Marines at Vera Cruz
Marines and radio
Marines' anti - aircraft gun
Aug. de Castilho, Minister of Marine, Portugal, standing, three-quarters, in uniform
Camouflaged home of marines in France
U.S. Marine Hospital, Mobile, Ala.
Disarming a Marine
Maritime Union pickets U.S. Dept. of Commerce. Washington, D.C., May 17. More than 500 members of the National Maritime Union picketed the U.S. Commerce Department Building today in protest against what they said was indiscriminate issuance of seaman's certificates. Patrick D. Whalen, Chairman of the Baltimore branch of the NMU, said the marine workers had no quarrel with Secretary Hopkins but were directing their picketing against the Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation, a division of the Department
U.S. marines in France
China -  Peking. American Legation - Frank G. Carpenter collection

China - Peking. American Legation - Frank G. Carpenter collection

Photograph shows U.S. Marines in formation on the grounds of the U.S. Legation, Beijing, China. Title from item. Forms part of: Frank and Frances Carpenter Collection (Library of Congress).

Marines going aboard Prairie
American Junior Naval & Marine Scouts
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