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US Marine Corps

The United States Marine Corps traces its roots to the Continental Marines of the American Revolutionary War, formed by a resolution of the Second Continental Congress on 10 November 1775. That date is celebrated as the Marine Corps's birthday.

Throughout the late 19th and 20th centuries, Marine detachments served aboard Navy cruisers, battleships, and aircraft carriers.

About 600,000 Americans served in the U.S. Marine Corps in World War II, performed a central role in the Pacific War. The Pacific theatre battles saw fierce fighting between Marines and the Imperial Japanese Army. The Battle of Iwo Jima was arguably the most famous Marine engagement of the war with high losses of 26,000 American casualties and 22,000 Japanese. By the end of WWII, the Corps expanded totaling about 485,000 Marines. Nearly 87,000 Marines were casualties during World War II (including nearly 20,000 killed), and 82 were awarded the Medal of Honor.

The Korean War saw the Corps expand from 75,000 regulars to a force of 261,000 Marines, mostly reservists. 30,544 Marines were killed or wounded during the war.

During Vietnam War Marines evacuated Saigon. Vietnam was the longest war for Marines. By its end, 13,091 had been killed in action, 51,392 had been wounded.

Marines participated in the failed 1980 Iran hostage rescue attempt, the invasion of Grenada, the invasion of Panama. On 23 October 1983, the Marine headquarters building in Beirut, Lebanon, was bombed, causing the highest peacetime losses to the Corps in its history. 220 Marines and 21 other service members were killed.

Marines liberated Kuwait during the Persian Gulf War, participated in combat operations in Somalia (1992–1995), and took part in the evacuation of American citizens from the US Embassy in Tirana, Albania.

Following the attacks on 11 September 2001, Marine Corps, alongside the other military services, has engaged in global operations around the world in support of War on Terror. Marines were among first sent to Afghanistan in November 2001. Since then, Marine battalions and squadrons have been engaging Taliban and Al-Qaeda forces. U.S. Marines also served in the Iraq War.
US Marines patrol the streets of downtown Beirut in an M151 light vehicle. The Marines have been deployed in Lebanon as part of a multi-national peacekeeping force following confrontation between Israeli forces and the Palestine Liberation Organization
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33,202 Media in collectionpage 1 of 333
Headquarters of the Marine corps. Adjutant and Inspector's office. Washington, Orders. [16 orders] A. Henderson, Colonel commandant marine corps. [1840].

Headquarters of the Marine corps. Adjutant and Inspector's office. Was...

Page Order: Leaflet Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 232, Folder 3.

[Two U.S. Marine officers and two enlisted men, members of Perry's Japanese expedition]

[Two U.S. Marine officers and two enlisted men, members of Perry's Jap...

Drawing is first panel on the scroll "Perry's First Landing at Kurihama, July 8, 1853 ."

[U.S. Marines, led by four musicians, marching in formation toward two officers]

[U.S. Marines, led by four musicians, marching in formation toward two...

Drawing is fourth scene on the "American Doll Scroll", depicting Perry's expedition to Japan, 1853.

[U.S. Marine smoking pipe as drawn by Japanese artist]

[U.S. Marine smoking pipe as drawn by Japanese artist]

Drawing is the last scene on the "American Doll Scroll", depicting Perry's expedition to Japan, 1853.

Capt. J. Faunce, Revenue Marine

Capt. J. Faunce, Revenue Marine

Annotation from negative, scratched on emulsion: 2134. Credit line: Civil war photographs, 1861-1865, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division. General information about Civil war photographs is ava... more

The true peace commissioners

The true peace commissioners

An angered response to false Confederate peace overtures and to the push for reconciliation with the South advanced by the Peace Democrats in 1864. (See also "The Sportsman Upset by the Recoil of His Own Gun," ... more

U.S. Marine Hospital and Goat Island - From Steamboat Point, San Francisco

U.S. Marine Hospital and Goat Island - From Steamboat Point, San Franc...

The Library holds only one photo from a pair published as a stereographic view. Gems of California scenery, no. 385. LOT subdivision subject: San Francisco Waterfront. This record contains unverified old data f... more

[John Philip Sousa, 1854-1932, full-length portrait, standing, facing left, with the U. S. Marine Corps band at the Palace Hotel, San Francisco]

[John Philip Sousa, 1854-1932, full-length portrait, standing, facing ...

54121 U.S. Copyright Office. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: PI; Shelf.

U.S.S. Brooklyn, Marine guard company drill by sections

U.S.S. Brooklyn, Marine guard company drill by sections

Title devised by cataloger. Attribution based on negative D4-20231. "Dup" and "3" on negative. Detroit Publishing Co. no. 020232. Gift; State Historical Society of Colorado; 1949.

U.S. battleship "Indiana" /

U.S. battleship "Indiana" /

From Edison films "war extra" catalog: Taken at the Dry Tortugas, and shows the most powerful fighting machine in the world to-day as she lies at anchor taking on coal. The decks are covered with marines and sa... more

Marines