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Toulouse Lautrec

Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-MonfaCreated by: PICRYLDated: 2020
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Divan Japonais, 19th century
Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa was the firstborn child of Alphonse Charles Comte de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa (1838–1913) and his wife Adèle Zoë Tapié de Celeyran (1841–1930). The last part of his name means he was a member of an aristocratic family (descendants of the Counts of Toulouse and Odet de Foix, Vicomte de Lautrec and the Viscounts of Montfa, a village and commune of the Tarn department of southern France, close to the cities of Castres and Toulouse). If Henri had outlived his father, he would have been accorded the family title of Comte de Toulouse-Lautrec.

Toulouse-Lautrec's parents, the Comte and Comtesse, were first cousins (his grandmothers were sisters), and his congenital health conditions were attributed to a family history of inbreeding.

At the age of eight, Toulouse-Lautrec went to live with his mother in Paris (his parents separated), where he drew sketches and caricatures in his exercise workbooks. A friend of his father, René Princeteau, sometimes visited to give informal lessons.

At the age of 13, Toulouse-Lautrec fractured his right femur, and at 14, he fractured his left femur. His legs ceased to grow, so that as an adult he was extremely short (1.42 m or 4 ft 8 in). He developed an adult-sized torso while retaining his child-sized legs. Additionally, he is reported to have had hypertrophied genitals.

Unable to participate in activities enjoyed by boys his age, Toulouse-Lautrec immersed himself in art. He became a prominent Post-Impressionist painter, art nouveau illustrator, and lithographer, and, through his works, recorded many details of the late-19th-century bohemian lifestyle in Paris. In addition to growing alcoholism, Toulouse-Lautrec was fascinated by the lifestyle of the "urban underclass" and prostitutes, incorporating their characters into his paintings. He created about a hundred drawings and fifty paintings inspired by the life of these women.

When the Moulin Rouge cabaret opened in 1889, Toulouse-Lautrec was commissioned to produce a series of posters. Other artists looked down on the work, but he ignored them. The cabaret reserved a seat for him and displayed his paintings.

His family members were Anglophiles, he traveled to London, where he was commissioned by the J. & E. Bella company to make a poster advertising their paper confetti and the bicycle advert La Chaîne Simpson. While in London, he met and befriended Oscar Wilde and became a vocal supporter of him when Wilde faced imprisonment in Britain.

On 9 September 1901, at the age of 36, he died from complications due to alcoholism and syphilis at his mother's estate, Château Malromé, in Saint-André-du-Bois. He is buried in Cimetière de Verdelais, Gironde.

The Earthquake cocktail (Tremblement de Terre) is attributed to Toulouse-Lautrec: a potent mixture containing half absinthe and half cognac in a wine goblet. A collection of his favorite recipes – some original, some adapted – was posthumously published by his friend and dealer Maurice Joyant as L'Art de la Cuisine. The book was republished in English translation in 1966 as The Art of Cuisine.
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Odet de Foix, Vicomte de Lautrec
Odet de Foix, Vicomte de Lautrec
Omslag voor muziekblad met lied L'Hareng saur met matroos op kade met aangelegde zeilschepen

Omslag voor muziekblad met lied L'Hareng saur met matroos op kade met ...

Omslag voor muziekblad met het lied L'Hareng saur. Een matroos staat op een kade waar zeilschepen voor anker liggen. Waarschijnlijk eet hij een haring (titel lied) want hij houdt iets vast met zijn hand vlakbij... More

A laughing man sitting on a chair, a man putting his socks on, three figure studies and two head studies
Horse pulling cart, woman's face hunter bit by fox, horse studies, figure studies; on verso, studies of a horse - bone structure of back leg, horse pulling carriage
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Sketches of horses and one head study
Man wearing tricorn & 18th-century-style coat on horseback and rear view; on verso, figure and head studies, man boxing, man running, gentleman "le Barytone"
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Studies of a fat man on a horse
Head studies of men; on verso, two horse studies, a man falling from a horse
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Catulle Mendes, soeur de la Goulue
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Church, horse, and heads of men
Head study of horse, duck, musician, men and women; on verso, head study of horse, volk and Demi-volk
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Horse; on verso, studies of horses running and scribbling
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Gentleman on horseback and figure study
Head study of horse, 8 head studies of a man, a figure of man
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Horse trotting, skinny horse, man's head with top hat
Rider and horse trotting, man running, waiter, man in chair feeding dog, man playing horn, man smoking, man ringing bell; on verso, three horse studies and figure study
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Mme de Saint Germier

Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Mme de Saint Germier

Jane, Mme de (Saint) Gernier Courtesy of Boston Public Library

Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Figure and horse studies
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Mme de Saint Germier

Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Mme de Saint Germier

Jane, Mme de (Saint) Gernier Courtesy of Boston Public Library

Two men sailing; on verso, three men on a sailing boat
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Seven head studies
Soldier on horseback charging man with gun; on verso, soldier on horseback
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Man in high hat
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - A guard soldier and two animal studies
Five head studies, man blowing horn, horse studies; on verso, side view of horse pulling carriage
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Two Dogs
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Horse studies, horse team pulling; on verso, horse studies
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Studies of men working
Two studies of men, three ways of a gentleman and two sketches of a general; on verso, sailor
Study of man with crop on horse looking right and other details
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Two faces, one in profile, one faces forward
Horse studies, head; on verso, studies of horse in motion, hoof, and 2 heads.
Studies of lifeboats and pulleys; on verso, study of ship with two masts
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Grenier, Clandon, Dufour

Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Grenier, Clandon, Dufour

Men and women's heads and 2 cats Courtesy of Boston Public Library

Six head studies; on verso, sketches of horses in movement
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Study of horses
Indian with rifle on galloping horse; on verso, head studies, man on horseback, horse head, soldiers fighting
Horse and other animal studies; on verso, a thinking man, three head studies of man and a sketch of a woman
Man smoking, running, in carriage, two men blowing, two heads, two horse heads, a sailboat; on verso, two horse heads and a rear of horse
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Patronne de claque
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Studies of horses
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Standing man and three male face sketches
Thirteen head studies, knight in armor; on verso, animal studies
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Two men and one woman on horseback
Five head studies, one figure of horse, and a horse study
Horse and figure study; on verso, study of horse with blinders
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Sailor standing on ship rigging
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - A pair of useful hands
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Horse
Five head studies of men, two head studies of women, five horse studies
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Two male profiles
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Claudon
Sketch of cowboy, horse, man blowing trumpet, jockey on horse; on verso, two heads, three horse studies, two horse heads
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Willy, le cadre photographe
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Two horse studies
Thirteen head studies, knight in armor; on verso, animal studies
A big fat man and a tall thin man; on verso, head studies, a man on horseback, horse hooves
Central - study of a man on horse with additional studies of man's head; on verso, pencil sketches of sections of horse including the leg, hooves, rear, head and neck.
Horse studies, 2 female heads, and study of carriage and man; on verso, man on horse lifting a girl up
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Six sketches of a horse, two head studies
Training of horses; on verso, head studies of men and animals, two sketches of men with violin
Three head studies, a character study, a dog study, a magistrate handing out a verdict
Five head studies, a soldier blowing horn, sailor figure study, fencer lying on his stomach; on verso, head studies, sailor
Three sketches of a soldier and a head study of lady; on verso, head studies of man and horse
Sketch of man with beard smoking pipe facing left, signature of the artist and monogram in red, squiggles, donkey sketch, head
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - A working man
Head study, two studies of rear quarters of horse, rear view of soldier on horse
Studies of heads of sailors, horses and man with pipe
The front and back view of a sailor; on verso, men, women and birds
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Two men and a woman in a row boat
One head study, sketches of horses and a figure of a human being
Two studies of a man thumbing his nose; on verso, character and figure studies
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Villain
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Dancing and shapes of feet
Chateau du Manlay aus du Beaubril; on verso, study of a horse
Horse looking at fallen soldier; on verso, studies of dog, horse and heads
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Head study of people and animals
Three head studies, a man putting his socks on, and a bird study; on verso, two head studies, one horse study and a man figure
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Grenier, Dutot Baumgarten, Docteur Etranger
Five head studies, one head study of tiger, a horse study
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Paysage Audresy, Eustache et Mathilde, Hri. Menier
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Studies of various faces on front and back
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Studies of sailors' faces with different noses
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Yvette or Sarah
Sketch of seven head studies, a dog, a hunter, man lighting a pipe, a gentleman; on verso, a horse study, two lion studies
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Horse; on verso, studies of horses running and scribbling
Studies of dog and man on a hunt; on verso, head studies
Five studies of a parrot, three head studies, a tall and a short figure
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Two men carrying a sedan chair
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Sketch of two head studies and a bust
Head study of a lady, a man with sword and an animal with human clothes on; on verso, a man on horseback and a sketch of a gentleman
Head study of horse, duck, musician, men and women; on verso, head study of horse, volk and Demi-volk
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Villain
Man with head of deer, squirrel, and bird on a pole; on verso, two men in sailing boat.
Studies of men walking, horse running, and men on horseback; on verso, people's faces
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - A Woman and a Man on Horseback
Album de Marine: Sketchbook of 48 folios containing 17 watercolors and 27 black chalk and graphite sketches
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - May Milton (Affiche)
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Reine de Joie par Victor Joze

Henri de Toulouse Lautrec - Reine de Joie par Victor Joze

after Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (French, Albi 1864–1901 Saint-André-du-Bois)

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