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Textile Mill Workers

Textile Mills and Workers of 1900sCreated by: PICRYLDated: 2016
All workers in Enterprize [sic?] Mfg. Co., Augusta. Ga.  Location: Augusta, Georgia.
Dear Father,

I received your letter on Thursday the 14th with much pleasure. I am well, which is one comfort. My life and health are spared while others are cut off. Last Thursday one girl fell down and broke her neck, which caused instant death. She was going in or coming out of the mill and slipped down, it being very icy. The same day a man was killed by the [railroad] cars. Another had nearly all of his ribs broken. Another was nearly killed by falling down and having a bale of cotton fall on him. Last Tuesday we were paid. In all I had six dollars and sixty cents paid $4.68 for board. With the rest I got me a pair of rubbers and a pair of 50 cent shoes. Next payment I am to have a dollar a week beside my board...
I think that the factory is the best place for me and if any girl wants employment, I advise them to come to Lowell.

Excerpt from a Letter from Mary Paul, Lowell mill girl, December 21, 1845.

Knoxville, Tennessee, January 20, 1937

Dear President:

I am addressing this letter to you, because I believe you will send it to the proper department for right consideration.

The labor conditions at the Appalachian Cotton Mills here are worse than miserable—they are no less than slavery. The mill has only two shifts, day and night shifts, and each of them 10 hours long. The scale of wages is very low, and the mill is a veritable sweatshop. None of the women workers know what they are making, until they draw their pay check at each weekend, and their wages is not sufficient for them to live on.

The mill should have 3 eight hour shifts, or two 8 hour shifts with a considerable increase in their wages. The women and men too, draw from $4.00 to $12.00 per week. Mr. Roosevelt, men can not live on such wages as this, and feed even a small family. Such conditions as these are worse than coercion, it will force men and women to steal, and it surely is not good Americanism. Am I to think that this great big civilization is going to stand for such intolerable conditions as these I have mentioned above. I believe sir, that they are worse than criminal. Such conditions bring sufferings to the unfortunate poor, that have to reek out a miserable existence without even a slaves opportunity to attend worship on the Lord’s day. It will take sharp detection to get the facts from this mill, but someone should see to it, that the long hours and short wages be put to an end. If the workers were to rebel against these unfair, and unamerican conditions, then the authorities would pronounce them Reds, or communists. The women have asked me to write this letter to you, because they believe you would remedy the conditions, and lighten their burdens. Now that I have wrote it I have used the fifth chapter of St. James in the N.T. [New Testament] as a base for the letter, which is literally fulfilling every minute.

Let us hope for the best.

R. H. O.

Burlington, North Carolina, March 4, 1937
2,001 Media in collectionpage 1 of 21
A spinner in the Mollahan Mills, Newberry, S.C. Dec. 3/08. Witness, Sara R. Hine.  Location: Newberry, South Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.
[Women and machinery in New England cotton mill, ca. 1900]

[Women and machinery in New England cotton mill, ca. 1900]

Photograph shows two women in spinning room winding cotton threads onto large spools. Title devised by Library staff.

Some operatives in An Indianapolis Cotton Mill at the Noon Hour. Aug., 1908. Wit., E. N. Clopper. Location: Indianapolis, Indiana. / Photo by [...]
Trenton Mill, Gastonia, N.C. Smallest boy,--Tom Jenkins. Said 13 years old. Been in mill 3 years. Brother Walter Jenkins. Said 15 years old. Been in mill four years.  Location: Gastonia, North Carolina.
View of Scotland Mills, Laurinburg, N.C. All these boys work in mill. Sunday, Dec. 6/08. Witness, Sara R. Hine.  Location: Laurinburg, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.
Jamie Sherley, (girl) Wylie Mills, Chester, S.C. Been in mill 6 years. Ambro Sherley--11 years old. Been in mill over 1 year.  Location: Chester, South Carolina.
Rhodes Mfg. Company, Lincolnton, N.C. Old man inspecting yarn. Been in cotton mills over 20 years.  Location: Lincolnton, North Carolina.
Maple Mills, Dillon, S.C. Johnnie. Said, "Aint got no last name," when asked for it. 8 years old. Beginning to "help sister spin."  Location: Dillon, South Carolina.
Lancaster (S.C.) Cotton Mills, Wesley Strand (with gun). Has been in mill 1 year. Been sick lately. Rochel Stokes. In mill 1 year. Said he had trouble and quit.  Location: Lancaster, South Carolina.
Some adolescents working in Maple Cotton Mill, Dillon, S.C.  Location: Dillon, South Carolina.
Cherryville Mfg. Co., Cherryville, N.C. Plenty of young boys and girls.  Location: Cherryville, North Carolina.
Slide No. 404. Smallest girl, runs and 4 sides, been in this mill for 3 years. The oldest girl said she goes to school but couldn't spell her own name.
Noon Hour In an Indianapolis Cotton Mill, Aug., 1908. Wit., E. N. Clopper.  Location: Indianapolis, Indiana.
Whitnel (N.C.) Cotton Mills. Everyone in this family except the mother, works in the mill. Father earns $1.00 a day. Smallest girl, Annie Philips, been there only a few months, earns nearly a dollar a day. Next in size, Clara Phillips, 13 years old, Been there 3 or 4 years, earns over a dollar a day. Next, Daisy Philips. Next, Mary Philips. A dollar a day each. Oldest is married and husband is in the mill. The superintendent said it is unusual for the father to work when children get large enough to work. He usually loafs. That's why the mills are so full of children.  Location: Whitnel, North Carolina.
A few of the employees in the Clinton Mills, Clinton, S.C., going home from work. Many others as small were in evidence. Superintendent wouldn't allow me to take photos inside. Photo by flashlight.  Location: Clinton, South Carolina.
Going home from Loray Mill. Smallest boy on the right hand end, John Moore. 13 years old. Been in mill 6 years as sweeper, doffer and spinner.  Location: Gastonia, North Carolina.
Orley Shrouce, 8 Ozark Mill. 10 years old. Said he worked a year, but when new law came in a while ago the mill people turned him off,--too young. "Then they came again and hired me back." Doffer--60 cents a day.  Location: Gastonia, North Carolina.
Some of the larger spinners in Catawba Cotton Mills, Newton, N.C.  Location: Newton, North Carolina.
Dickson Mill, Laurinburg, N.C. Some of "hands." Sunday, Dec. 6, 08. Witness, Sara R. Hine.  Location: Laurinburg, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.
Carolina cotton mill worker and his family all are working.  Location: South Carolina.
Types of adolescents. Boys working in Eureka Cotton Mills, Chester, S.C. Rob Dover--(Tallest boy). Been in mill eight or nine years. Melvin Reilly (next). In mill one year. Boyd McKowan (shortest boy). About 15 years old. Been in mill 5 years. Sunday, Nov. 29, 08. Witness Sara R. Hine.  Location: Chester, South Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.
11 years old. Beginning to doff. Son of one of Gastonia's preachers . His two brothers, 14 and 16 years old, are also in the mill.  Location: Gastonia, North Carolina.
Group of mill hands working in Salisbury, N.C. Cotton Mills.  Location: Salisbury, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.
The doffers in Whitnel (N.C.) Mfg. Co.  Location: Whitnel, North Carolina.
Closing hour Loray Mill, Gastonia, N.C.  November 7, 1908. Location: Gastonia, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.
Salisbury, (N.C.) Cotton Mills. Hugh Dedman, 50 Hill St. Salisbury, N.C. Been doffing 2 or 3 years.  Location: Salisbury, North Carolina.
Bob Burton, Gastonia, N.C. 15 years old. A typical adolescent, overgrown, thin, anaemic [sic]. Been in mill for 8 years. Doffing still in Ozark Mills.  Gastonia, North Carolina.
Will Morrill, Wylie Mill; Chester, S.C. Been in mill 5 years.  Location: Chester, South Carolina.
Daniel Mfg. Co., Lincolnton, N.C. Four doffers. Boy on left end (knee pants) said he had worked in mills for 7 years and some nights. At nights they work 12 hours, without any hour off for lunch. Eat when they can. Some of the[m] "eat a-workin'."  Location: Lincolnton, North Carolina.
John Lewis (boy with hat) 12 years old. 1 year in mill. Weaver--4 looms. 40 cts. to start, 60 cents a day now. Brother and mother in mill. Morris Small (boy with cap) "Reckon I been in mill 2 yrs. Don't remember." Witness S.R. Hine.  Location: Chester, South Carolina.
Trenton Mill, Gastonia, N.C. Tom Jenkins (left hand end) 13 years old, been in mill 3 year. Walter Jenkins, 15 years old. 4 years in mill. John Glover, (right hand) 16 years old, at mill 5 years. Closing hour, 3 p.m. Saturday, Nov.  Location: Gastonia, North Carolina.
Lincoln Cotton Mill, Evansville, Ind. Boy sweeping small boy picking up and carrying away. (Bad light and shaking floors.)  Location: Evansville, Indiana.
Willie Crocker, (barefoot) Wylie Mill, Chester, S.C. 13 years old-- "worked since I was 6 years old." Lost part of finger in gear of machinery. Fred Crocker--11 years old. 1 year in mill.  Location: Chester, South Carolina.
Young People in An Indianapolis Cotton Mill, Noon, Aug., 1908. Wit., E. N. Clopper.  Location: Indianapolis, Indiana.
Cherryville Mfg. Co., Cherryville, N.C. A few of the workers.  Location: Cherryville, North Carolina.
Children of night superintendent, in Dickson Mill, Laurinburg, N.C. (1) Bessie Moore - runs 4 sides. Has worked two years nights. (2) Frank (smallest). Doffs. Has worked 2 yrs. nights. (3) George (largest). Looked 12 years old. Doffs--3 years of night work, was proud of the fact that he could write his name. Mother said they rather work nights because they had to put in fewer hours then. Sunday, Dec. 6, 1908. Witness, Sara R. Hine.  Location: Laurinburg, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.
One of spinners in Whitnel Cotton Mfg. Co. (N.C.) She was 51 inches high. Had been in mill 1 year, some at night. Runs 4 sides, 48 cents a day. When asked how old, she hesitated, then said "I don't remember," Then confidentially, "I'm not old enough to work, but I do just the same." Out of 50 employees, ten children about her age.  Location: Whitnel, North Carolina.
Dillon Mills, Dillon S.C. (Boy) Ransom English--doffs, been in mill 6 years. (Next) Florence Burr--runs 5 sides. In mill 4 years. (Next) Bessie English - 3 sides, 3 years in mill. (Next) Alphie Burr - 2 sides, 1 year in mill. (Next) Lela English, 1 year in mill. 48 inches high. Saturday, Dec. 5, 1908.  Location: Dillon, South Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.
Maple Mill, Dillon, S.C. Jasper Prevatt (smallest). Has doffed 3 years. Ben--Runs 3 sides. In mill 4 years. Lillian (next) Winds--In mill 8 years. Blennie (next). Bertha--winds. In mill 8 years.  Location: Dillon, South Carolina.
Some of smaller "hands" on the night shift waiting for the whistle to blow. Whitnel N.C. Cotton Mill. The smallest boy and girl were about 50 inches high. One of the medium sized boys has doffed 4 years,--some at night. Get 60 cents a night. Smallest girl looked 10 years old. Been in mill 2 years. 1/2 year at night. Runs 8 sides part of the time. Photo by flashlight.  Location: Whitnel, North Carolina.
Doffers in Trenton Mills, Gastonia, N.C. Others as small and some smaller. Little girls too.  Location: Gastonia, North Carolina.
Closing Hour, 3 p.m. Trenton Mills, Gastonia, N.C. Zoe Lanier. Help sister in mill.  Location: Gastonia, North Carolina.
Maple Mills, Dillon, S.C. John Roberts, Been in mill 2 years. Runs 4 and 5 sides.  Location: Dillon, South Carolina.
A doffer in the Melville Mfg. Co., Cherryville, N.C.  Location: Cherryville, North Carolina.
Lea Rabb, 84 Main St., Loray Mills, Gastonia, N.C. 12 years old. 5 years in the mill.  Location: Gastonia, North Carolina.
Dillon Mill (tallest) Lizzie McKenzie, Has helped 1/2 year. Mamie Baxley (holding baby). Been in mill 3 years. Runs 4 sides = 40 cents a day. Maud & Daisy "help."  Location: Dillon, South Carolina.
A Saturday ball game. Springstein Mills, Chester, S.C. Boy with glove, Malcom Rogers. (See photo 329). Next to him - Ben Deaton--12 years old. 52 inches high. Weaver. Runs 6 looms at $1.00 a day. 2 years in mill. I asked him if it wasn't hard work. "Hardest part if it is I have to stretch so much to reach up." (Tallest boy) John Lewis--12 years old. 1 yr. in mill. Weaves--4 looms. Got 40 cents to start. 60 cents now a day. Brother and father in mills. Nov. 28/08 Witness Sara R. Hine.  Location: Chester, South Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.
Wylie Mill, Chester, S.C. Tommy Ashville, (smaller boy) 2 years in mill. "Specks I'm about 11." Arthur Shelly, 8 years in mill. 14 years old. Other boys agreed he had been in mill 8 years.  Location: Chester, South Carolina.
This shows the number of small children on the day shift (50 employees in all) Whitnel, (N.C.) Cotton Mfg. Co. Nearly as many small ones on night shift. This is a new up-to-date mill.  Location: Whitnel, North Carolina.
Some Sweepers in a N.C. cotton mill. N.C.  Location: North Carolina.
(Tallest) Sam Bigham, Eureka Cotton Mills. Been in mill 10 years. (Next) Washey Dover--Been in 3 years. (Next) Lloyd Barnado--2 years in mill. (Smallest) Ernst Floyd--10 years old, 52 inches high. Been in mill 2 years. Spins--60 cents a day. Witness S.R. Hine.  Location: Chester, South Carolina.
Scotland Mills, Laurinburg, N.C. Henry Mims (tallest) about 14. 8 years in mill. 6 years at night. Launey Knight (next)--Begin. John Stedman--3 years in the above mill. Witness, S.R. Hine.  Location: Laurinburg, North Carolina.
A quiet game of marbles. All the boys work in the Salisbury (N.C.) cotton mill. The boy shooting is Henry Dedman, a warper. Been in mill 5 years. His grandmother said "I don't like to have ' em play marbles on Sunday, but when can they play?" "Yes he stands the mill work pretty well. Early getting' up is the makin' of 'em."  Location: Salisbury, North Carolina.
Dickson Mill, Laurinburg, N.C. Fred Butler, (smallest). Been in mill 2 years. Others one year. Witness, S.R. Hine.  Location: Laurinburg, North Carolina.
Newberry Mills (S.C.) Noon hour. All are working here. Witness, Sara R. Hine.  Location: Newberry, South Carolina.
Girls working in Springstein Mills, Chester, S.C. Zetella Gallman (by window) (looked 15 years old). Has worked 2 years. Both girls in middle said they had been in mill 8 years. Witness Sara R. Hine.  Location: Chester, South Carolina.
Daniel Mill, Lincolnton, N.C. Group of women and two girls. Shows type of adolescent.  Location: Lincolnton, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.
Newberry Mills, (S.C.) Noon hour. Dec. 3, 08. Witness Sara R. Hine.  Location: Newberry, South Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.
National Child Labor Committee. No. 435. Flashlight photo of children on night shift going to work at 6 P.M. on a cold, dark December night. They do not come out again until 6:00 A.M. When they went home the next morning they were all drenched by a heavy, cold rain and had few or no wraps. Two of the smaller girls with three other sisters work on night shift and support a big, lazy father who complains he is not well enough to work. He loafs around the country store.  Location: Whitnel, North Carolina.
Some of the young women in Dickson Mill, Laurinburg, N.C.  Location: Laurinburg, North Carolina.
A spinner in Clyde Cotton Mill, Newton, N.C.  Location: Newton, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.
Young women (spooler) Kelser Mfg. Co., Salisbury, N.C.  Location: Salisbury, North Carolina.
Maggie Burton, 14 years old. A typical adolescent. Sister to Charley Burton (see large photo # 277). Been Spinning 6 years. Can run 7 sides = 70 cents a day . Does run 5 sides = 50 cents a day.  Location: Gastonia, North Carolina.
Boy on right Charlie Burton-9 Ozark Mill. This anaemic[sic], hollow chested, stoop shouldered under-sized and weight, said--"Been in mill 6 or 7 years. 12 years old. Haint grown none for 5 years. Doff at night and get 60 cents. Couldn't stand the sweepin' at the other mill, so mother moved us over here so I could get a job at doffin'." "Night work is 12 hours at a stretch." His sister (14 years old) has been spinning for 6 years. Makes 50 cents a day. (See small photo,--Maggie Burton). No. 315. Other boy--Frank Goodson--Been in mill 6 years. This mill was running nights at the time the photograph was taken.  Location: Gastonia, North Carolina.
Family all in mill. Small boy been at it 4 years. Mother said "she used to make her $1.00 a day spoolin' but she never can now at spinnin'. Some are better at one thing and some at another." Nov. 1908.  Location: Gastonia, North Carolina.
Lincoln Cotton Mills, Evansville, Ind. Girls at weaving machine; warpers.  Location: Evansville, Indiana.
A spinner and a doffer in Catawba Cotton Mill, Newton, N.C. Out of forty employed there were ten almost as small as these.  Location: Newton, North Carolina.
Maple Mill, Dillon, S.C. Azy Warn--Winds. Stella Warn (little one) spins 4 sides. "Been at it a long time."  Location: Dillon, South Carolina.
Lincoln Cotton Mills, Evansville, Ind. Girl at Stafford Loom. Boys sprinkling floor. (See report of conditions under which they work.)  Location: Evansville, Indiana.
Some operatives--Dillon Mill, Dillon, S.C. Smallest girl said she "helps."  Location: Dillon, South Carolina.
T. A. Wright, Supt. of the Whitnell [sic?] (N.C.) Cotton Mfg. Co. A typical boss,--except hat he was less gruff and suspicious than most. Began mill work at 10 years old. Been at it 18 years. I asked him if he excepts to send his own children to work in the mill. He smiled grimly, " Not if I keep my health, They're going to get an education." He said parents are responsible for so many children in the mills. Father loafs just as soon as children get old enough to work. Dec. 22, 08.  Location: Whitnel, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.
Maple Mills, Dillon, S.C. Lonnie Baker (tallest). Has doffed 4 years. Gets 40 cents a day. Bertie Baser--10 years old. 3 years in mill. Runs 3 sides = 30 cents a day.  Location: Dillon, South Carolina.
Rhodes Mfg. Co., Lincolnton, N.C. National Child Labor Committee. No. 282. Girl on left said she was 10 years old and been in mill a long time more than a year. Spinner girl on right said she was 12 years.  Location: Lincolnton, North Carolina.

Rhodes Mfg. Co., Lincolnton, N.C. National Child Labor Committee. No. ...

Photo shows a mother and her daughters, identified as Susie Black Blanton, with Lalar on the left, and Ellen on the right (Source: Joe Manning, 2014, http://eightsteeples.com/blanton1.html)

Mill folks, Salisbury Mills, (N.C.)  Location: Salisbury, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.
Grace Harper (Looked 10 years old). Works in Lydia Mills, Clinton, S.C. Mother said she is very good hand at spinning. Been at it 3 years. Runs 4 and 5 sides, about 50 cents a day. Little sister Lettie helps. Mother said "she is learnin'." Looked 7 years old. Dec. 2/08. Witness Sara R. Hine.  Location: Clinton, South Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.
Noon hour, Ivey mill, hickory, N.C. Location: Hickory, North Carolina. / Photo by [...]
Kesler Mfg. Co., Salisbury, N.C. Tallest man is Supt. Mason. He was willing I should take photos so long as I promised to represent conditions as they were. He is afraid of being misrepresented. "Truth is something stranger than fiction."  Location: Salisbury, North Carolina.
Newberry Mills, Newberry, S.C. Going home to dinner. Dec. 3/08. Witness Sara R. Hine.  Location: Newberry, South Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.
Group of boys working in Lancaster S.C. Cotton mills. Smallest boy said he had worked in the mill off and on for five years. Spins now.  Location: Lancaster, South Carolina.
[Trenton Mill, Gastonia, N.C. Smallest boy,  Tom Jenkins. Said 13 years old. Been in mill 3 years. Brother Walter Jenkins. Said 15 years old. Been in mill four years.]  Location: Gastonia, North Carolina.
Dickson Mill, Laurinburg, N.C. Robert Black, (smallest) 1 year in mill. John Black, (next) 2 years in mill. Charlie Clark--4 years. Earl Lander--Beginning. Witness, S.R. Hine.  Location: Laurinburg, North Carolina.
Girls running warping machines in Loray mill, Gastonia, N.C. Many boys and girls much younger. Boss carefully avoided them, and when I tried to get a photo which would include a mite of a boy working at a machine, he was quickly swept out of range. "He isn't working here, just came in to help a little."  Location: Gastonia, North Carolina.
Some of the operatives, Dickson Mills, Laurinburg, N.C. Dec. 6, 1908. Witness, Sara R. Hine.  Location: Laurinburg, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.
Maple Mill, Dillon S.C. Tebie Calder--Been in mill 1 year--runs 4 sides. Little sister-- Tince--Mother said, "She helps." Bystander said she works regularly and that plenty of other little ones do.  Location: Dillon, South Carolina.
Eugene Bell, House 48 Loray Mill. Said he was 12 years old. (question). "Leastwise that's what mother says." (I am convinced that many children believe they are as old as they say they are,--their parents have misstated their ages so long.) Worked most two years--sweeping.  Location: Gastonia, North Carolina.
Dickson Mills, Laurinburg, N.C. Eddie Williamson (taller). Been in mill 3 years. John Eliot--Been in mill 7 years. Witness, S.R. Hine.  Location: Laurinburg, North Carolina.
Frank Craneshaw. Has doffed for 3 years in Lancaster Cotton Mills, S.C. Gets 75 cents a day.  Location: Lancaster, South Carolina.
Cherryville Mfg. Company, An adolescent spinner. Cherryville, N.C.  Location: Cherryville, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.
One of the smallest spinners in the Mollahan Mills. Witness, Sara R. Hine.  Location: Newberry, South Carolina.
Golla Chambers, House 38 Loray Mill, Gastonia, N.C. 12 years old. In mill 3 years, spinning 2 years, weaver 1 year. Other sisters spinners.  Location: Gastonia, North Carolina.
A few of the youngsters employed in Clinton Mills (S.C.) Going home from work.  Location: Clinton, South Carolina.
Lawrence Collins, Lancaster Cotton Mills, S.C. Has doffed for years in the above mill.  Location: Lancaster, South Carolina.
Springstein Mill, Chester, S.C. Malcolm Rogers (Boy with hat) 54 inches high. Be[e]n in mill 3 years. Started at 25 cents and now makes $1.00 a day. Spins part time and doffer part time. Other boy goes to school and helps in mill afternoons and Saturdays. Witness S.R. Hine.  Location: Chester, South Carolina.
In neighborhood of Maple Mill, Dillon, S.C. Lawrence Faircloth (taller boy) "Don't know how old I am." Been in mill 2 years. Runs 3 sides Albert Bartlett (barefoot) Looked 8 years old. In mill 2 years--Beginning to spin. Runs 2-1/2 sides = 25 cents a day. Bad conditions. Saturday, Dec. 5, 08.  Location: Dillon, South Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.
One of the doffers in Cawtaba Cotton Mill, Newton, N.C.  Location: Newton, North Carolina.
Small boy working in Cocheco Mfg. Co., Dover, N.H. Others much smaller and younger there.  Location: Dover, New Hampshire.
Girl - Baner[?] Carswell. Been in mill 4 years. 12 years old. Runs 6 sides = 60 cents a day. Soon will run 8 = 80 cents a day. Father said "the wife of neighbor made $7.40 last week,  $ 1.40 more than her husband. Women and girls makes more than the men." Child 8 yrs. old helps sister.  Location: Gastonia, North Carolina.
Boys working in Scotland Mill, Laurinburg, N.C. Smallest boy--Junior Bounds--Beginning. Next, Rollin Hudson - 3 years in mill. Next, Lloyd Willoughby - 3 years in mill. Next, Preston Torrent - 8 years in mill. 6 years night work - 14 years old now. "Haven't been in school more'n 3 days in my whole life." Father blind. 2 older sisters and 1 younger brother work in mill now. Has doffed all 8 years. Gets about 60 cents a day. Asked him if he didn't get tired, "No, when you get used to it you don't get tired. Some of the boys goes to sleep when they begin." Showed a remarkable degree of refinement and consideration for others. Work has not blunted this. Sunday, Dec. 6/08. Witness, Sara R. Hine.  Location: Laurinburg, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.
Maple Mills, Dillon, S.C. Ruth Barnhill (elder). Been at it 4 years. Run 6 sides. Emma Barnhill 4 years in mill. 4 sides. Looked 10 years old.  Location: Dillon, South Carolina.
On streets near Daniel Mill. Lincolnton, N.C. Right hand boy--Dan Biggerstaff. 10 years old. Has worked 3 years. Goes to school now (he says). Left hand, John Erwin. Said 11 years old. Has worked nights.  Location: Lincolnton, North Carolina.
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