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Textile Mill Workers

Textile Mills and Workers of 1900sCreated by: PICRYL - Public Domain Media Search EngineDated: 2016
Dear Father,

I received your letter on Thursday the 14th with much pleasure. I am well, which is one comfort. My life and health are spared while others are cut off. Last Thursday one girl fell down and broke her neck, which caused instant death. She was going in or coming out of the mill and slipped down, it being very icy. The same day a man was killed by the [railroad] cars. Another had nearly all of his ribs broken. Another was nearly killed by falling down and having a bale of cotton fall on him. Last Tuesday we were paid. In all I had six dollars and sixty cents paid $4.68 for board. With the rest I got me a pair of rubbers and a pair of 50 cent shoes. Next payment I am to have a dollar a week beside my board...
I think that the factory is the best place for me and if any girl wants employment, I advise them to come to Lowell.

Excerpt from a Letter from Mary Paul, Lowell mill girl, December 21, 1845.

Knoxville, Tennessee, January 20, 1937

Dear President:

I am addressing this letter to you, because I believe you will send it to the proper department for right consideration.

The labor conditions at the Appalachian Cotton Mills here are worse than miserable—they are no less than slavery. The mill has only two shifts, day and night shifts, and each of them 10 hours long. The scale of wages is very low, and the mill is a veritable sweatshop. None of the women workers know what they are making, until they draw their pay check at each weekend, and their wages is not sufficient for them to live on.

The mill should have 3 eight hour shifts, or two 8 hour shifts with a considerable increase in their wages. The women and men too, draw from $4.00 to $12.00 per week. Mr. Roosevelt, men can not live on such wages as this, and feed even a small family. Such conditions as these are worse than coercion, it will force men and women to steal, and it surely is not good Americanism. Am I to think that this great big civilization is going to stand for such intolerable conditions as these I have mentioned above. I believe sir, that they are worse than criminal. Such conditions bring sufferings to the unfortunate poor, that have to reek out a miserable existence without even a slaves opportunity to attend worship on the Lord’s day. It will take sharp detection to get the facts from this mill, but someone should see to it, that the long hours and short wages be put to an end. If the workers were to rebel against these unfair, and unamerican conditions, then the authorities would pronounce them Reds, or communists. The women have asked me to write this letter to you, because they believe you would remedy the conditions, and lighten their burdens. Now that I have wrote it I have used the fifth chapter of St. James in the N.T. [New Testament] as a base for the letter, which is literally fulfilling every minute.

Let us hope for the best.

R. H. O.

Burlington, North Carolina, March 4, 1937
2,001 Media in collectionpage 1 of 21
National Child Labor Committee. No. 435. Flashlight photo of children on night shift going to work at 6 P.M. on a cold, dark December night. They do not come out again until 6:00 A.M. When they went home the next morning they were all drenched by a heavy, cold rain and had few or no wraps. Two of the smaller girls with three other sisters work on night shift and support a big, lazy father who complains he is not well enough to work. He loafs around the country store.  Location: Whitnel, North Carolina.

National Child Labor Committee. No. 435. Flashlight photo of children ...

Picryl description: Public domain photograph of city street life, vendor, shop sign, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

A spinner in Clyde Cotton Mill, Newton, N.C.  Location: Newton, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

A spinner in Clyde Cotton Mill, Newton, N.C. Location: Newton, North ...

Picryl description: Public domain image of a factory, plant, manufacture, assembly line, industrial facility, early 20th-century industrial architecture, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Young women (spooler) Kelser Mfg. Co., Salisbury, N.C.  Location: Salisbury, North Carolina.

Young women (spooler) Kelser Mfg. Co., Salisbury, N.C. Location: Sali...

Picryl description: Public domain image of a factory worker, plant, manufacture, assembly line, industrial facility, early 20th-century industrial architecture, free to use, no copyright restrictions. show less

A group of spinners in Brookside Worsted Mills, Westford, Massachusetts. These were the youngest there.  Location: Westford, Massachusettsachusetts.

A group of spinners in Brookside Worsted Mills, Westford, Massachusett...

Picryl description: Public domain image of girl workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Boy working in Calvine Mfg. Co. Charlotte, N.C. Been there 2 years.  Location: Charlotte, North Carolina.

Boy working in Calvine Mfg. Co. Charlotte, N.C. Been there 2 years. L...

Picryl description: Public domain image of boy workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

One of the small girls working in the Natick (R. I.) Mills. The girls would not stop and form a group as the boys did. Many young girls and boys work there.  Location: Natick, Rhode Island.

One of the small girls working in the Natick (R. I.) Mills. The girls ...

Picryl description: Public domain image of an industrial building, warehouse, depot, train station, 19th-20th century, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Bertha Thomas. Been in mill work 2 years. Johnnie Thomas, "helps sister" all the time now. This is a popular method of evading the law. They work in Atherton Mill.  Location: Charlotte, North Carolina.

Bertha Thomas. Been in mill work 2 years. Johnnie Thomas, "helps siste...

Picryl description: Public domain image of girl workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Mule-spinning room, Chace Cotton Mill, Burlington, Vt. Edward Marcotte, a "back-roping boy" who has been here one year. See also photo and label #730.  Location: Burlington, Vermont.

Mule-spinning room, Chace Cotton Mill, Burlington, Vt. Edward Marcotte...

Picryl description: Public domain image of boy workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Small girls working in Great Falls Mfg. Co., Somersworth, N.H. Many others there.  Location: Somersworth, New Hampshire.

Small girls working in Great Falls Mfg. Co., Somersworth, N.H. Many ot...

Picryl description: Public domain image of girl workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

John Lavigul. Has been doffer-boy in mule-spinning room for over a year in Chace Cotton Mill, Burlington, Vt. See photo and label #730.  Location: Burlington, Vermont.

John Lavigul. Has been doffer-boy in mule-spinning room for over a yea...

Picryl description: Public domain image of boy workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Group of boys working in American woolen Mills, Winooski, Vt. Youngest, 13 years, oldest 15 years. All had been working one year or more. Most are illiterate. 27 Children apparently under 15 years were counted at one gate. (See also N.C.L.C. Photos #720-745,.  Location: Winooski, Vermont.

Group of boys working in American woolen Mills, Winooski, Vt. Youngest...

Picryl description: Public domain image of children, kids, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

All working in May Hosiery Mills, youngest boy admitted ten years of age and been working there 9 months. He is already afflicted with eye-trouble and carries his head much on one side.  Location: Nashville, Tennessee.

All working in May Hosiery Mills, youngest boy admitted ten years of a...

Picryl description: Public domain image of girl workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

May Hosiery Mills. The boy is Harvey Curtis, 12 years old, turns stockings. Made $1.41 this week, out of which he paid sixty cents carfare.  Location: Nashville, Tennessee.

May Hosiery Mills. The boy is Harvey Curtis, 12 years old, turns stock...

Picryl description: Public domain image of child labor, exploitation, children workers, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Group of young boys working in Central Cotton Mills. (Owned by Avondale Mills.) Not nearly so many youngsters here as there are at the Avondle Mills.  Location: Sylacauga, Alabama.

Group of young boys working in Central Cotton Mills. (Owned by Avondal...

Picryl description: Public domain image of boy workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Two of the young boys working in Richmond Hosiery Mills. (See report).  Location: Rossville, Georgia.

Two of the young boys working in Richmond Hosiery Mills. (See report)....

Picryl description: Public domain image of boy workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

These are all workers in Richmond Hosiery (See report).  Location: Rossville, Georgia.

These are all workers in Richmond Hosiery (See report). Location: Ros...

Picryl description: Public domain image of girl workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Group of workers. Boy on left refused to pose. Merrimac Mills.  Location: Huntsville, Alabama.

Group of workers. Boy on left refused to pose. Merrimac Mills. Locati...

Public domain image of personnel, army, group of people in uniform, parade, historic place, military activity, free to use, no copyright restrictions - Picryl description

Noon hour at Avondale Mills. I saw this young girl working at her machine in the mill.  Location: Birmingham, Alabama.

Noon hour at Avondale Mills. I saw this young girl working at her mach...

Picryl description: Public domain image of child labor, exploitation, children workers, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

"OUR BABY DOFFER" and some of the other doffers all working in Avondale Mills.  Location: Birmingham, Alabama.

"OUR BABY DOFFER" and some of the other doffers all working in Avondal...

Picryl description: Public domain image of boy workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Group of workers in Central Mills.  Location: Sylacauga, Alabama.

Group of workers in Central Mills. Location: Sylacauga, Alabama.

Picryl description: Public domain image of a child labor, factory, plant, manufacture, industrial facility, early 20th-century industrial architecture, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Boys working in Holden-Leonard Co., Bennington, Vt. 3 Smallest boys are: Louis Godbout, 132 Lincoln Street; John Friedman, 120 Lincoln Street; Joe Lacroix, 110 Lincoln Street.  Location: Bennington, Vermont.

Boys working in Holden-Leonard Co., Bennington, Vt. 3 Smallest boys ar...

Public domain photograph of military activity, parade, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Closing hour, Saturday noon, at Dallas Mill. Every child in photos, so far as I was able to ascertain, works in that mill. When I questioned some of the youngest boys as to their ages, they said they were 12 and then other boys said they were lying. (Which sentiment I agreed with.)  Location: Huntsville, Alabama.

Closing hour, Saturday noon, at Dallas Mill. Every child in photos, so...

Picryl description: Public domain image of boy workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Group of workers in Indian Head Mills. Youngest ones would not be photo'd. (See label 1839.)  Location: Cordova, Alabama.

Group of workers in Indian Head Mills. Youngest ones would not be phot...

Picryl description: Public domain image of an 18th-19th century military conflict, armed forces, infantry, militia, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Robert Magee (smallest), 270 Suffolk St., apparently 12 years, been working in Mule Room #1 Merrimac Mill, Lowell, one year. Michael Keefe (next in size) 32 Marion St., been at work in #1 Mule Room, Merrimac Mill, Lowell, for eight months; apparently 13 years old. Cornelius Hurley, 298 Adams St., been at work in #1 Mule Room, Merrimac Mill, Lowell, for six months; about 13 or 14 probably.  Location: Salem, Massachusetts.

Robert Magee (smallest), 270 Suffolk St., apparently 12 years, been wo...

Picryl description: Public domain image of boy workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Erenne La Prise, a doffer, apparently 13 year[s] old, doffing at his machine in Spring Village Mill. Said he had been working a year and a half.  Location: Winchendon, Massachusetts.

Erenne La Prise, a doffer, apparently 13 year[s] old, doffing at his m...

Picryl description: Public domain image of an industrial building, factory, workshop, workers, 19th-20th century, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

One of the youngsters working in the Danville, Knitting Works, Danville, Virginia See also photo and label 2193.  Location: Danville, Virginia.

One of the youngsters working in the Danville, Knitting Works, Danvill...

Picryl description: Public domain image of child labor, exploitation, children workers, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Eva Streety (See 2133).  Location: West Point, Mississippi.

Eva Streety (See 2133). Location: West Point, Mississippi.

Picryl description: Public domain image of girl workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

In Washington Mill.  Location: Lawrence, Massachusetts.

In Washington Mill. Location: Lawrence, Massachusetts.

Picryl description: Public domain photograph group portrait, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

One of the young helpers in the Glenallen Mill.  Location: Winchendon, Massachusetts.

One of the young helpers in the Glenallen Mill. Location: Winchendon,...

Picryl description: Public domain image of girl workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Antony Gourek (or Makuck), 10 Weston St. Works in #1 Mill.  Location: Ludlow, Massachusetts.

Antony Gourek (or Makuck), 10 Weston St. Works in #1 Mill. Location: ...

Picryl description: Public domain image of boy workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Noon hour, Delta Cotton Mills, Mc Comb, Miss. All work.  Location: McComb, Mississippi.

Noon hour, Delta Cotton Mills, Mc Comb, Miss. All work. Location: McC...

Picryl description: Public domain image of child labor, exploitation, children workers, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Eddie Grimshaw, 40 Stoney Hill. Has worked as doffer in #8 mill for 9 months. Makes $5.25 a week now, hates school.  Location: Chicopee, Massachusetts.

Eddie Grimshaw, 40 Stoney Hill. Has worked as doffer in #8 mill for 9 ...

Picryl description: Public domain image of boy workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

[These subjects went to work at 6:45 A.M. and many of them came out at 6 P.M. for they "work" in this mill. New Bedford, Massachusetts. August 24, 1911. 6:30 A.M. Richard K. Conant, Witness].  Location: New Bedford, Massachusettsachusetts.

[These subjects went to work at 6:45 A.M. and many of them came out at...

The boy in the middle may be Manuel Martin, described in the caption for photo 2272: "Manuel Martin, 202 Crapo St. White, soft shirt with suspenders, no overalls, turned over soft collar. Works in the Spinning ... More

All work in Everett Mill top spinning room. Edward Pitochelli [i.e., Pitocelli?], 175 Newbury Street, the youngest in the picture is "surely under 14." Luigi De Guatro, Tommy De Guatro, 175 Newbury St., also workers. Tommy might possibly be fourteen.  Location: Lawrence, Massachusetts.

All work in Everett Mill top spinning room. Edward Pitochelli [i.e., P...

Picryl description: Public domain vintage artistic photograph, free to use, no copyright restrictions image.

Interior of Magnolia (Miss.) Cotton Mills spinning room. See the little ones scattered through the mill. All work. See also other Magnolia photos and labels.  Location: Magnolia, Mississippi.

Interior of Magnolia (Miss.) Cotton Mills spinning room. See the littl...

Picryl description: Public domain image of a factory, plant, manufacture, assembly line, industrial facility, early 20th-century industrial architecture, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Workers in Berkshire Mills.  Location: Adams, Massachusetts.

Workers in Berkshire Mills. Location: Adams, Massachusetts.

Public domain image of personnel, army, group of people in uniform, parade, historic place, military activity, free to use, no copyright restrictions - Picryl description

Would these cotton-mill boys stand a test for physical fitness? Work in Riverside Mill, Olneyville, Providence.  Location: Providence, Rhode Island.

Would these cotton-mill boys stand a test for physical fitness? Work i...

Picryl description: Public domain vintage artistic photograph, free to use, no copyright restrictions image.

Cornell Mill. Smallest girl in group is Jennie Sylvia, 522 Alden St., a doffer in card room of Cornell Mill. I saw a girl, apparently as young, running a loom in weave room there.  Location: Fall River, Massachusetts.

Cornell Mill. Smallest girl in group is Jennie Sylvia, 522 Alden St., ...

Picryl description: Public domain image of girl workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

A few of the young workers in Beaumont Mill, Spartenberg [sic].  Location: Spartanburg, South Carolina.

A few of the young workers in Beaumont Mill, Spartenberg [sic]. Locat...

Picryl description: Public domain image of a child labor, factory, plant, manufacture, industrial facility, early 20th-century industrial architecture, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Abbie Belle Townsend. Been working 3 months in a spinning room, Saxon Mill, Spartenberg [sic].  Location: Spartanburg, South Carolina.

Abbie Belle Townsend. Been working 3 months in a spinning room, Saxon ...

Picryl description: Public domain image of girl workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Irving Walne, 62 Dean St. Works in weave shop Neil Mill.  Location: New Bedford, Massachusetts.

Irving Walne, 62 Dean St. Works in weave shop Neil Mill. Location: Ne...

Picryl description: Public domain image of boy workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

More doffers in Aragon Mill.  Location: Rock Hill, South Carolina.

More doffers in Aragon Mill. Location: Rock Hill, South Carolina.

Picryl description: Public domain image of boy workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

[Young workers adolescence and younger in Manomet, Nonquitt and Nashawena Mills. Going to dinner and back to wrk. Noon. January 9, 1912. Richard K. Conand, witness.]  Location: [New Bedford, Massachusetts].

[Young workers adolescence and younger in Manomet, Nonquitt and Nashaw...

Picryl description: Public domain image of girl workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

James Veary, 303 Austin St. Smallest boy: been working several weeks in spinning room.  Location: New Bedford, Massachusetts.

James Veary, 303 Austin St. Smallest boy: been working several weeks i...

Picryl description: Public domain image of boy workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Neil Power, 10 y[ea]rs old, said, "Turns stockings in Rome (Ga.) Hosiery Mill." A shy pathetic figure. "Haint been to school much."  Location: Rome, Georgia.

Neil Power, 10 y[ea]rs old, said, "Turns stockings in Rome (Ga.) Hosie...

Picryl description: Public domain image of boy workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

All these are workers in the Cherokee Hosiery Mill, Rome, Ga. Noon, April 10, 1913. The youngest are turners and loopers. Other Hosiery Mills around here employ children of 8 and 9 years. Some of these appear to be as young.  Location: Rome, Georgia.

All these are workers in the Cherokee Hosiery Mill, Rome, Ga. Noon, Ap...

Picryl description: Public domain image of child labor, exploitation, children workers, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

[S]ome of the youngest spinners in Floyd Cotton Mill, Rome, Ga. I saw but a few young workers [h]ere.  Location: Rome, Georgia.

[S]ome of the youngest spinners in Floyd Cotton Mill, Rome, Ga. I saw ...

Picryl description: Public domain image of girl workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Fourteen year old spinner in Brazos Valley Cotton Mill at West. Violation of the law. Matty Lott runs six sides. See family group and their story.  Location: West, Texas.

Fourteen year old spinner in Brazos Valley Cotton Mill at West. Violat...

Picryl description: Public domain image of a factory, plant, manufacture, assembly line, industrial facility, early 20th-century industrial architecture, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Twelve year old Selina Wall working at spooling room in the Brazos Valley Cotton Mill, West, Tex. Their Family Record says she was born, March 23, 1901. Her mother said: "She's just taking the place of her sister (fifteen years old). Selina could earn a dollar a day. She was raised up in a cotton mill over in Belton, but she has to stay home and do the cookin." The mother and the fifteen year old girl work regularly in the mill. Several older boys work. Selina keeps house. Nine in the family.  Location: West, Texas.

Twelve year old Selina Wall working at spooling room in the Brazos Val...

Picryl description: Public domain image of a factory worker, plant, manufacture, assembly line, industrial facility, early 20th-century industrial architecture, free to use, no copyright restrictions. show less

Charley Humble. Said he was 10 years old. Has a regular job. Been helping his sister for some months in the Deep River Mills. Mother and sister work. Father deserted.  Location: Randleman, North Carolina.

Charley Humble. Said he was 10 years old. Has a regular job. Been help...

Picryl description: Public domain image of boy workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Noon hour at Texas cotton mill. I found none under fifteen.  Location: McKinney, Texas.

Noon hour at Texas cotton mill. I found none under fifteen. Location:...

Picryl description: Public domain image of girl workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

This group represents most of the workers in the Cape Fear Cotton Mills, except the very smallest. There were 5 or 6 apparently under 13. See North Carolina report.  Location: Fayetteville, North Carolina.

This group represents most of the workers in the Cape Fear Cotton Mill...

Picryl description: Public domain image of girl workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Hugh Dixon a 10 year old boy who says he's been working in the Shaw Cotton Mill some in the past year.  Location: Weldon, North Carolina.

Hugh Dixon a 10 year old boy who says he's been working in the Shaw Co...

Picryl description: Public domain image of boy workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Group showing some of the youngest workers taken in the Scotland Neck Cotton Mill at starting time. Tiniest girl, one apparently 8 or 9, investigator saw at work at her knitting machine perched up on a box, as she was too short to reach. The next in size was seen raveling. Both were steady workers.  Location: Scotland Neck, North Carolina.

Group showing some of the youngest workers taken in the Scotland Neck ...

Picryl description: Public domain photograph group portrait, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

[King Philip - Mule Spinning Room. Back boy - Roving. Charles Cavanagh, 863 Slade St.15 years.]  Location: Fall River, Massachusetts. / [Lewis W. Hine]

[King Philip - Mule Spinning Room. Back boy - Roving. Charles Cavanagh...

Picryl description: Public domain image of child labor, exploitation, children workers, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Union Hospital - Lewis Palmer - 14 years - 455 Peckham St. - Rope hauler in Estes Mill, making mop rope. Began April 25th. Hand cut by rope May 18th. Laid up one month. Wages $4.60 - compensation $4. Goes on Sunday hikes with his crowd.  Location: Fall River, Massachusetts / Lewis W. Hine.

Union Hospital - Lewis Palmer - 14 years - 455 Peckham St. - Rope haul...

Picryl description: Public domain image of child labor, exploitation, children workers, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Wilfred Levoie - 15 years - 120 Diman St. - Weaver, American Linen Co. Cut leg June 20, 1916. (See Mr. Wagner's schedule.) Was pushing and pulling basket along floor; basket caught a loose board and threw him against loom cutting his leg.  Location: Fall River, Massachusetts / Lewis W. Hine.

Wilfred Levoie - 15 years - 120 Diman St. - Weaver, American Linen Co....

Picryl description: Public domain image of child labor, exploitation, children workers, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Harness maker. See 4158.  Location: Fall River, Massachusetts / Lewis W. Hine.

Harness maker. See 4158. Location: Fall River, Massachusetts / Lewis ...

Picryl description: Public domain image of a child labor, factory, plant, manufacture, industrial facility, early 20th-century industrial architecture, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

At Certificate Office. M.A. Lillian Gurmond, 597 Lawton. French - Born Sept. 2, 1900. George B. Stone. Left at 14 in the 5th grade to be a "braider tender" at the Fall River Webbing Co. (applying for this job). Has also been a clipper at the Standard Speciality Co. and weaver at Lincoln Mfg. Co.  Location: Fall River, Massachusetts / Lewis W. Hine.

At Certificate Office. M.A. Lillian Gurmond, 597 Lawton. French - Born...

Picryl description: Public domain image of child labor, exploitation, children workers, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Public domain photograph of weaving textile, free to use, no copyright restrictions - Picryl description

Public domain photograph of weaving textile, free to use, no copyright...

Picryl description: Public domain photograph of weaving textile, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Cheney Silk Mills. Favorable working conditions.  Location: [South Manchester, Connecticut]

Cheney Silk Mills. Favorable working conditions. Location: [South Man...

Public domain portrait photograph, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Cheney Silk Mills. Favorable working conditions.  Location: [South Manchester, Connecticut].

Cheney Silk Mills. Favorable working conditions. Location: [South Man...

Picryl description: Public domain image of a factory, plant, manufacture, assembly line, industrial facility, early 20th-century industrial architecture, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Combed silk as it appears when coming from the dressing machine. Silk industry (spun silk), South Manchester, Conn., U.S.A.

Combed silk as it appears when coming from the dressing machine. Silk ...

Connecticut stereoscopic card. Robert Dennis's stereographs collection includes more than 72,000 stereoscopic views organized primarily by geography. The collection bears the name of the native New Yorker who ... More

Rhodes Mfg. Co., Lincolnton, N.C. Spinner. A moments glimpse of the outer world Said she was 10 years old. Been working over a year.  Location: Lincolnton, North Carolina.

Rhodes Mfg. Co., Lincolnton, N.C. Spinner. A moments glimpse of the ou...

Photo shows girl identified as Lalar Blanton (Source: Joe Manning, 2014, http://eightsteeples.com/blanton1.html).

Lawrence Purdie (right end) has been spinning in the mule room of the cotton mill at Matoaca, Virginia, for two years. His brother, next to him, helps in the mill. The others in the photo are not working yet. The father is not at work now as work is slack.  Location: Matoaca, Virginia.

Lawrence Purdie (right end) has been spinning in the mule room of the ...

Picryl description: Public domain image of child labor, exploitation, children workers, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Boy with bare arms, Fred Normandin, 15 Bridge St., has been working in Amoskeag Mfg. Co., mill No. 1, Manchester, N.H. for several months.  Location: Manchester, New Hampshire.

Boy with bare arms, Fred Normandin, 15 Bridge St., has been working in...

Picryl description: Public domain image of boy workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Leopoldo Andrioli, 208 Elm Street, in spinning room of the Ayer Mill. See also 2490.  Location: Lawrence, Massachusetts.

Leopoldo Andrioli, 208 Elm Street, in spinning room of the Ayer Mill. ...

Picryl description: Public domain vintage artistic photograph, free to use, no copyright restrictions image.

Twelve year old Selina Wall working at spooling in the Brazos [?] Valley Cotton Mill, West Texas. Their family Record says she was born, March 23, 1901. Her mother said: "She's just taking the place of her sister fifteen years old. Selina could earn a dollar a day. She was raised up in a cotton mill over in Belton, but she has to stay home and do the cookin." The mother and the fifteen year old girl work regularly in the mill. Several older boys work. Selina keeps house. Nine in the family.  Location: West, Texas.

Twelve year old Selina Wall working at spooling in the Brazos [?] Vall...

Picryl description: Public domain image of girl workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Hattie Hunter, spinner in Lancaster Cotton Mills, S.C. 52 inches high, worked in mill for 3 years. Gets 50 cents a day. Dec. 1, 1908.  Location: Lancaster, South Carolina. / L.W. [Hine]

Hattie Hunter, spinner in Lancaster Cotton Mills, S.C. 52 inches high,...

Picryl description: Public domain image of a factory, plant, manufacture, assembly line, industrial facility, early 20th-century industrial architecture, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Nannie Coleson, looper who said she was 11 years old, and has been working in the Crescent Hosiery Mill for some months. Makes about $3 a week. Has been through the 5th grade in school. She is bright, but unsophisticated. Told investigator, "There are other little girls in the mill too. One of them, says she's 13, but she doesn't look any older than me."  Location: Scotland Neck, North Carolina.

Nannie Coleson, looper who said she was 11 years old, and has been wor...

Picryl description: Public domain photograph of child, child labor, farmer, early 20th-century farm, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Louis Horoux. One of the youngsters in Queen City Mill, Burlington, Vt. About a dozen like here. (Not a large mill.)  Location: Burlington, Vermont.

Louis Horoux. One of the youngsters in Queen City Mill, Burlington, Vt...

Public domain image of personnel, army, group of people in uniform, parade, historic place, military activity, free to use, no copyright restrictions - Picryl description

Louis Horoux. One of the youngsters in Queen City Mill, Burlington, Vt. About a dozen like here. (Not a large mill.)  Location: Burlington, Vermont.

Louis Horoux. One of the youngsters in Queen City Mill, Burlington, Vt...

Public domain image of personnel, army, group of people in uniform, parade, historic place, military activity, free to use, no copyright restrictions - Picryl description

Youngest workers that I saw in Starkville, (Miss.) Cotton Mills.  Location: Starkville, Mississippi.

Youngest workers that I saw in Starkville, (Miss.) Cotton Mills. Loca...

Picryl description: Public domain photograph group portrait, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Some of the spinners in Pell City Cotton Mills, grouped for me by the Overseer. Mr. E. A. Thompson, Superintendent of the Mill, is also Mayor of Pell City.  Location: Pell City, Alabama.

Some of the spinners in Pell City Cotton Mills, grouped for me by the ...

Public domain image of personnel, army, group of people in uniform, parade, historic place, military activity, free to use, no copyright restrictions - Picryl description

One of the boys working in Bates Mfg. Co., Lewiston, Me. Been there 3 years. Cannot speak English.  Location: Lewiston, Maine.

One of the boys working in Bates Mfg. Co., Lewiston, Me. Been there 3 ...

Picryl description: Public domain image of boy workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

One of the doffers Vivian Cotton Mills, Cherryville, N.C. Nov. 10, 1908. L. W. H.  Location: Cherryville, North Carolina.

One of the doffers Vivian Cotton Mills, Cherryville, N.C. Nov. 10, 190...

Picryl description: Public domain photograph of city street life, vendor, shop sign, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Woman at beam warper. Cherryville , N.C. Nov. 1908.  Location: Cherryville, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Woman at beam warper. Cherryville , N.C. Nov. 1908. Location: Cherryv...

Public domain historical photo, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

"OUR BABY DOFFER" they called him. Donnie Cole. Has been doffing for some months. When asked his age, he hesitated, then said, "I'm Twelve." Another young boy said "He can't work unless he's twelve." Child Labor regulations were conspicuously posted in the mill.  Location: Birmingham, Alabama.

"OUR BABY DOFFER" they called him. Donnie Cole. Has been doffing for s...

An old photo of a boy with a hat on. Public domain portrait photograph, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Doffer in Mellville Mfg. Co., Cherryville, N.C. Said he had been working for two years. Many of them below age.  Location: Cherryville, North Carolina.

Doffer in Mellville Mfg. Co., Cherryville, N.C. Said he had been worki...

Picryl description: Public domain image of an industrial building, factory, workshop, workers, 19th-20th century, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

488 Macon, Ga. Lewis W. Hine 1-19-1909. Bibb Mill No. 1 Many youngsters here. Some boys were so small they had to climb up on the spinning frame to mend the broken threads and put back the empty bobbins.  Location: Macon, Georgia.

488 Macon, Ga. Lewis W. Hine 1-19-1909. Bibb Mill No. 1 Many youngster...

Picryl description: Public domain image of an industrial building, factory, workshop, workers, 19th-20th century, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Boy is Costa George. Works regularly in Stark Mill No.3, Manchester, N.H.  Location: Manchester, New Hampshire.

Boy is Costa George. Works regularly in Stark Mill No.3, Manchester, N...

Picryl description: Public domain image of boy workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

No. 266. Spinners in Melville Mfg. Co., Cherryville, N.C.  Location: Cherryville, North Carolina.

No. 266. Spinners in Melville Mfg. Co., Cherryville, N.C. Location: C...

Public domain image of an industrial building, factory, structure, works, 19th-20th century industrial revolution, free to use, no copyright restrictions - Picryl description

Mule-spinning room in Chace Cotton Mill, Burlington, Vt. Left hand--Leopold Daigneau, Arsene Lussier, "Back-roping boys." See photo and label #730.  Location: Burlington, Vermont.

Mule-spinning room in Chace Cotton Mill, Burlington, Vt. Left hand--Le...

Picryl description: Public domain image of a child labor, factory, plant, manufacture, industrial facility, early 20th-century industrial architecture, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Girl in Cherryville Mill.  Location: Cherryville, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Girl in Cherryville Mill. Location: Cherryville, North Carolina / Pho...

Picryl description: Public domain image of an industrial building, factory, workshop, workers, 19th-20th century, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Loray Mill, Gastonia, N.C. Three girls. Said were 16 to 19 years old.  Location: Gastonia, North Carolina.

Loray Mill, Gastonia, N.C. Three girls. Said were 16 to 19 years old. ...

Picryl description: Public domain image of girl workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

[Some of the youngest workers in Laurel Cotton Mills, Miss. Tallest man is Mr. Hollingworth. Two of his boys in front row. Sylvester, ten years old, "Only helps in the mill afternoons and Saturdays." "But if I was twelve," he said, "I'd go to work to-morrow." The other boy, Floyd, said he was thirteen, but he doesn't seem to be. He said, "I sweeps. Get thirty cents a day. Sweepin' keeps you at it right steady. Not much chance to rest. You have to be twelve to work."  Location: Laurel, Mississippi.

[Some of the youngest workers in Laurel Cotton Mills, Miss. Tallest ma...

Picryl description: Public domain image of boy workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Noon Hour at Borden Mill.  Location: Fall River, Massachusetts / Lewis W. Hine.

Noon Hour at Borden Mill. Location: Fall River, Massachusetts / Lewis...

Picryl description: Public domain image of child labor, exploitation, children workers, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

John Tidwell, a Cotton Mill Product. Doffer in Avondale Mills. Many of these youngsters smoke.  Location: Birmingham, Alabama.

John Tidwell, a Cotton Mill Product. Doffer in Avondale Mills. Many of...

Picryl description: Public domain image of boy workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Young doffer and spinner boys in Seaconnet Mill. The youngest are Manuel Perry, 111 Pitman St. John E. Mello, 229 Alden St. Manuel Louis. None of these could write their own names. The last couldn't spell the street he lives on. They spoke almost no English.  Location: Fall River, Massachusetts.

Young doffer and spinner boys in Seaconnet Mill. The youngest are Manu...

Picryl description: Public domain image of an industrial building, factory, workshop, workers, 19th-20th century, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Young doffer in Durfee Mill. Said 17 years old.  Location: Fall River, Massachusetts / Lewis W. Hine.

Young doffer in Durfee Mill. Said 17 years old. Location: Fall River,...

Picryl description: Public domain image of child labor, exploitation, children workers, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Myrtle Bagwell, one of the youngest of the spinners in Spartan Mills, Spartenberg [sic], S.C. Lives 104 Duncan Street. Been working nearly 2 years. Older sister said she could not find the family bible.  Location: Spartanburg, South Carolina.

Myrtle Bagwell, one of the youngest of the spinners in Spartan Mills, ...

Picryl description: Public domain image of girl workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

6 P.M. April 23, 1909. A sweeper in the Hill Mfg. Co., Lewiston, Me. I saw him working inside.  Location: Lewiston, Maine.

6 P.M. April 23, 1909. A sweeper in the Hill Mfg. Co., Lewiston, Me. I...

Picryl description: Public domain image of boy workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Union Hospital case - Estelle Poiriere, 137 Robeson St., 15 years old. Doffer at Granite No. 1 mill. Laceration of index and middle finger of right hand. Caught in card machine. Injured Dec. 21, 1915 and finger grew stiff and had to have cord cut. Still an outpatient in June and not working yet.  Location: Fall River, Massachusetts / Lewis W. Hine.

Union Hospital case - Estelle Poiriere, 137 Robeson St., 15 years old....

Picryl description: Public domain image of child labor, exploitation, children workers, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Shaw Cotton Mills. An accident case. Alfred Padgett a doffer says he is 13 years old now, but worked when he was 12, and in other mills for 2 years before that. "I got my hand caught in the cogs of the spinning machine last week, and lost part of my finger. It stopped the machine, and I tell you it hurt. It pains me a lot now. Don't you think they orter pat me wages while I'm out with this bad hand? No, I can't read or write, but I think my mammy knows how to spell my name." Not a member of the family could read or write.  Location: Weldon, North Carolina.

Shaw Cotton Mills. An accident case. Alfred Padgett a doffer says he i...

Picryl description: Public domain image of boy workers, child labor, working children, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Cheney Silk Mills. Favorable working conditions.  Location: [South Manchester, Connecticut].

Cheney Silk Mills. Favorable working conditions. Location: [South Man...

Picryl description: Public domain image of a factory, plant, manufacture, assembly line, industrial facility, early 20th-century industrial architecture, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Little spinner in Globe Cotton Mill, Augusta, Ga. Overseer said she was regularly employed.  Location: Augusta, Georgia.

Little spinner in Globe Cotton Mill, Augusta, Ga. Overseer said she wa...

Public domain historical photo, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

[Whistle blows noon Opelika Cotton Mill. Smallest girl in photograph is Velma Smith a tiny little spinner with a steady job all day. I found her at home crying bitterly because her father refused to let her have any money out of the pay envelope she brought home. Mother said: "That haint no way to encourage children to work." Mother, father and several children work. Her mother admitted she worked here before 12 years old, and at Ella White Mill and one other city for about a year. Says they have no family record, but claims Velma is 12 now (which is doubtful). I saw her several times going and coming at 5:45 A.M. and noon.]  Location: [Opelika, Alabama]

[Whistle blows noon Opelika Cotton Mill. Smallest girl in photograph i...

Picryl description: Public domain image of child labor, exploitation, children workers, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

The Supt. and the group of children under sixteen years starting work after noon, May 9, 1911.  Location: Yazoo City, Mississippi.

The Supt. and the group of children under sixteen years starting work ...

Public domain image of an industrial building, factory, structure, works, 19th-20th century industrial revolution, free to use, no copyright restrictions - Picryl description

Whistle blows noon Opelika Cotton Mill. Smallest girl in photograph is Velma Smith a tiny little spinner with a steady job all day. I found her at home crying bitterly because her father refused to let her have any money out of the pay envelope she brought home. Mother said: "That haint no way to encourage children to work." Mother, father and several children work. Her mother admitted she worked here before 12 years old, and at Ella White Mill and one other city for about a year. Says they have no family record, but claims Velma is 12 now (which is doubtful). I saw her several times going and coming at 5:45 A.M. and noon.  Location: Opelika, Alabama.

Whistle blows noon Opelika Cotton Mill. Smallest girl in photograph is...

Picryl description: Public domain image of child labor, exploitation, children workers, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Warper at his machine, Newton, N.C.  Location: Newton, North Carolina.

Warper at his machine, Newton, N.C. Location: Newton, North Carolina.

Public domain photograph - historical image of North Carolina, United States, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

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