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Sumer civilization

ArtCreated by: PICRYLDated: 0001
Sumerian - Male Worshiper - Walters 215 (2)
Sumer, site of the earliest known civilization, located in the southernmost part of Mesopotamia, between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, in the area that later became Babylonia and is now southern Iraq, from around Baghdad to the Persian Gulf.

The people called Sumerians, whose language became the prevailing language of the territory, probably came from around Anatolia, arriving in Sumer about 3300 BCE. By the 3rd millennium BCE the country was the site of at least 12 separate city-states: Kish, Erech (Uruk), Ur, Sippar, Akshak, Larak, Nippur, Adab, Umma, Lagash, Bad-tibira, and Larsa. Each of these states comprised a walled city and its surrounding villages and land, and each worshipped its own deity, whose temple was the central structure of the city.

Political power originally belonged to the citizens, but, as rivalry between the various city-states increased, each adopted the institution of kingship. An extant document, The Sumerian King List, records that eight kings reigned before the great Flood.
315 Media in collectionpage 1 of 4
Inlay depicting male torso

Inlay depicting male torso

Mesopotamia Early Dynastic IIIa

Sumerian Bead spreader
Foundation figure of Ur-Namma holding a basket
Cuneiform tablet: receipt of oxen for rituals
Inlay: seated male with cup and palm frond
Sumerian Necklace beads
Sumerian Inlay
Sealing with cylinder seal impressions
Sumerian Necklace
Cuneiform tablet: fragment concerning canals (Sum.e)
Cuneiform tablet: receipt of oxen for rituals

Cuneiform tablet: receipt of oxen for rituals

Mesopotamia, probably from Drehem (ancient Puzrish-Dagan) Ur III

Inscribed brick
Sumerian Standing female worshiper
Bull's head ornament for a lyre

Bull's head ornament for a lyre

Mesopotamia Early Dynastic III

Foundation figure of a deity

Foundation figure of a deity

Southern Mesopotamia Early Dynastic IIIb

Statue of Gudea
Sumerian Votive figure

Sumerian Votive figure

Mesopotamia Early Dynastic III

Sumerian Earring
Sealing with cylinder seal impression
Vessel supported by two rams

Vessel supported by two rams

Mesopotamia Early Dynastic IIIa

Parts of two male worshipers

Parts of two male worshipers

Mesopotamia, Nippur Early Dynastic IIIa

Furniture element: ram with bitumen-lined socket

Furniture element: ram with bitumen-lined socket

Mesopotamia, Nippur Early Dynastic IIIa

Foundation cone with cuneiform inscription of Enmetena of Lagash
Sumerian Votive bowl

Sumerian Votive bowl

Mesopotamia, Nippur Early Dynastic III

Sumerian Inlay: male torso
Cuneiform tablet: Sumerian dedicatory(?) inscription from Ekur, the temple of the god Enlil
Sumerian Standing female worshiper
Sumerian Bowl

Sumerian Bowl

Mesopotamia, Nippur Early Dynastic IIIa

Man carrying a box, possibly for offerings
Man carrying a box, possibly for offerings
Sumerian Sealing
Head of a man

Head of a man

Mesopotamia Neo-Sumerian

Cylinder seal and modern impression: worshiper pouring a libation before a seated god
Inlay: woman wearing a cylinder seal, playing a flute
Vessel supported by two rams
Sumerian Figurine, Ancient Egypt
Vessel stand with ibex support
Inscribed brick
Cuneiform tablet: administrative account with entries concerning malt and barley groats
Proto-Cuneiform tablet with seal impressions: administrative account of barley distribution with cylinder seal impression of a male figure, hunting dogs, and boars
Sumerian Inlay: dancing man
Sumerian Earring
Fragmentary head of a worshiper
Sumerian Headdress
Model of a "plano-convex" brick

Model of a "plano-convex" brick

Mesopotamia, Nippur Ur III

Inscribed brick
Head of a man
Cuneiform tablet: genre uncertain
Sealing with cylinder seal impression
Inlay: combat between a human-headed bull and a lion-headed eagle
Cylinder seal and modern impression: seated goddess before figures carrying boxes, one placed on "altar"
Eye inlay for a statue
Neo Sumerian Figurine
Cuneiform tablet: administrative account concerning the distribution of barley and emmer
Foundation figure of Ur-Namma holding a basket
Vessel stand with ibex support
Sumerian Rectangular container
Sealing with cylinder seal impression
Statue of Ur-Ningirsu, son of Gudea

Statue of Ur-Ningirsu, son of Gudea

Mesopotamia, probably from Girsu (modern Tello) Neo-Sumerian

Sumerian Pendant
Cuneiform tablet: fragment of an account
Inlay: seated male with cup and palm frond
Foundation figure of king Shulgi of Ur, carrying a basket
Sumerian Stele of Ushumgal
Sealings with cylinder seal impressions
Sumerian Stele of Ushumgal
Cuneiform tablet: fragment of an account
Cylinder seal and modern impression: seated goddess before figures carrying boxes, one placed on "altar"
Vessel or ritual stand
Peg with kneeling male, copper alloy

Peg with kneeling male, copper alloy

Mesopotamia Early Dynastic

Foundation figure of king Shulgi of Ur, carrying a basket
Door socket
Cylinder seal: seated figure approached by a goddess leading a worshiper
Sumerian Cow amulet

Sumerian Cow amulet

Mesopotamia, Nippur Early Dynastic

Inlay: banquet scene with a seated figure holding a palm frond
Sumerian Standing male worshiper
Fragments of male worshiper
The Ziggurat of Ur, sometimes called the "Great Ziggurat

The Ziggurat of Ur, sometimes called the "Great Ziggurat

The Ziggurat of Ur, sometimes called the "Great Ziggurat of Ur" is a Neo-Sumerian ziggurat which is located in the city of Ur near Nasiriyah.

The Ziggurat of Ur, sometimes called the "Great Ziggurat

The Ziggurat of Ur, sometimes called the "Great Ziggurat

The Ziggurat of Ur, sometimes called the "Great Ziggurat of Ur" is a Neo-Sumerian ziggurat which is located in the city of Ur near Nasiriyah.

Cuneiform tablet: administrative account concerning the distribution of barley and emmer
B-1
Cuneiform tablet: administrative account with entries concerning malt and barley groats
Cuneiform tablet: administrative account of barley distribution with cylinder seal impression of a male figure, hunting dogs, and boars
Cuneiform tablet: Sumerian dedicatory(?) inscription from Ekur, the temple of the god Enlil
K-10
U-16 (clay nail)
Cuneiform tablet: balanced account of Kaamu
Man carrying a box, possibly for offerings
Vessel supported by two rams
Cuneiform tablet: messenger tablet
Cuneiform tablet: receipt of an ox and lambs
Votive cone with cuneiform inscription of Gudea
Cuneiform tablet: record of cattle deliveries
Cuneiform tablet: list of items for the throne of Gunura
Inscribed brick
Cuneiform tablet: fragment concerning canals (Sum.e)
Sumerian Cylinder seal
Cuneiform tablet: receipt of cattle
Cuneiform tablet impressed with cylinder seal: record concerning laborers needed for irrigation work
Cuneiform tablet: Sumerian dedicatory(?) inscription from Ekur, the temple of the god Enlil
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