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St. Louis 1875

The history of St. Louis, Missouri from 1866 was marked by rapid growth, and the population of St. Louis increased so that it became the fourth largest city in the United States after New York City, Philadelphia, and Chicago.

This collection includes "Pictorial St. Louis, the Great Metropolis of the Mississippi Valley, a Topographical Survey Drawn in Perspective, A.D. 1875, by Camille N. Dry, Designed and Edited by Richard J. Compton."

During and shortly after the Civil War, St. Louis had suffered: cholera and typhoid in 1866. In the early 1870s, new industries began to grow in St. Louis. By 1880, St. Louis was the third largest raw cotton market in the United States with industries such as brewing, flour milling, slaughtering, machining, and tobacco processing, paint, bricks, bag, iron. Among the downsides to rapid industrialization was pollution. Brick firing produced particulate air pollution and paint making created lead dust, while beer and liquor brewing produced grain swill.

During the 1880s, the city grew from 350,518 to 451,770, making it the country's fourth-largest. The Panic of 1893 and subsequent depression and the overproduction of grain hit flour milling and most industries suffered declines.
Pictorial St. Louis, the great metropolis of the Mississippi valley; a topographical survey drawn in perspective A.D. 1875,
1859
1859
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1883
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1883
245 Media in collectionpage 3 of 3
Echo chewing tobacco--King buffalo--Fine cut / St. Louis Democrat Label Press.

Echo chewing tobacco--King buffalo--Fine cut / St. Louis Democrat Labe...

Tobacco label for J. Brown & Co. of Detroit, Michigan showing head of a buffalo.

The home of General Grant, St. Louis County, Mo.

The home of General Grant, St. Louis County, Mo.

Man and woman walking in foreground; girl waving from door.

The home of General Grant, St. Louis County, Mo.

The home of General Grant, St. Louis County, Mo.

Man and woman walking in foreground; girl waving from door.

The bridge at St. Louis / CJK(?) ; F. Welcker.

The bridge at St. Louis / CJK(?) ; F. Welcker.

View of completed St. Louis Bridge, with steamboats in Mississippi River, surrounded by eight views of stages of bridge construction, based on photographs taken in 1874 by R. Benecke, sections of pier and machi... more

The bridge at St. Louis / CJK(?) ; F. Welcker.

The bridge at St. Louis / CJK(?) ; F. Welcker.

View of completed St. Louis Bridge, with steamboats in Mississippi River, surrounded by eight views of stages of bridge construction, based on photographs taken in 1874 by R. Benecke, sections of pier and machi... more

The bridge at St. Louis / CJK(?) ; F. Welcker.

The bridge at St. Louis / CJK(?) ; F. Welcker.

View of completed St. Louis Bridge, with steamboats in Mississippi River, surrounded by eight views of stages of bridge construction, based on photographs taken in 1874 by R. Benecke, sections of pier and machi... more

St. Louis

St. Louis

Bird's-eye view of Saint Louis, Missouri as seen from above the Mississippi River.

St. Louis

St. Louis

Bird's-eye view of Saint Louis, Missouri as seen from above the Mississippi River.

St. Louis

St. Louis

Bird's-eye view of Saint Louis, Missouri as seen from above the Mississippi River.

A rare specimen found on hill above Fort Riley, Kansas, 420 miles west of St. Louis, Mo.

A rare specimen found on hill above Fort Riley, Kansas, 420 miles west...

Photo shows a portable darkroom in the wagon, with photographer Alexander Gardner seated in middle of image, holding his camera lens. Man at left is holding a plant.

A rare specimen found on hill above Fort Riley, Kansas, 420 miles west of St. Louis, Mo.

A rare specimen found on hill above Fort Riley, Kansas, 420 miles west...

Photo shows a portable darkroom in the wagon, with photographer Alexander Gardner seated in middle of image, holding his camera lens. Man at left is holding a plant.

A rare specimen found on hill above Fort Riley, Kansas, 420 miles west of St. Louis, Mo.

A rare specimen found on hill above Fort Riley, Kansas, 420 miles west...

Photo shows a portable darkroom in the wagon, with photographer Alexander Gardner seated in middle of image, holding his camera lens. Man at left is holding a plant.

"Cracker Castle," built by an army contractor who furnished the Army crackers

"Cracker Castle," built by an army contractor who furnished the Army c...

Photograph shows the home of Jonathan O. Pierce, who was a partner in the cracker making business that furnished hardtack for the Union Army, on Chouteau Avenue in St. Louis, Missouri. The house was damaged bey... more