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St. Louis 1875

The history of St. Louis, Missouri from 1866 was marked by rapid growth, and the population of St. Louis increased so that it became the fourth largest city in the United States after New York City, Philadelphia, and Chicago.

This collection includes "Pictorial St. Louis, the Great Metropolis of the Mississippi Valley, a Topographical Survey Drawn in Perspective, A.D. 1875, by Camille N. Dry, Designed and Edited by Richard J. Compton."

During and shortly after the Civil War, St. Louis had suffered: cholera and typhoid in 1866. In the early 1870s, new industries began to grow in St. Louis. By 1880, St. Louis was the third largest raw cotton market in the United States with industries such as brewing, flour milling, slaughtering, machining, and tobacco processing, paint, bricks, bag, iron. Among the downsides to rapid industrialization was pollution. Brick firing produced particulate air pollution and paint making created lead dust, while beer and liquor brewing produced grain swill.

During the 1880s, the city grew from 350,518 to 451,770, making it the country's fourth-largest. The Panic of 1893 and subsequent depression and the overproduction of grain hit flour milling and most industries suffered declines.
Pictorial St. Louis, the great metropolis of the Mississippi valley; a topographical survey drawn in perspective A.D. 1875,
1859
1859
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1883
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1883
245 Media in collectionpage 1 of 3
Issuing passes at St. Louis

Issuing passes at St. Louis

Travel passes being issued to citizens by Federal government agents.

Capture of Fort Henry by U.S. gun boats under the command of Flag Officer Foote, February 6th 1862 / J.G. ; Middleton, Strobridge & Co. Lith. Cin. O.

Capture of Fort Henry by U.S. gun boats under the command of Flag Offi...

Print shows four Union ironclads in the foreground, identified as the "St. Louis", "Carondelet", "Cincinnati", and the "Essex", bombarding Confederate Fort Henry in the background; also shows two Confederate st... more

O'er graves of the loved ones Poetry and music by John P. Ordway, M.D. ; to Louis P. Goussaud, Esq. / / Baker del ; John H. Bufford's Lith. 34 Chauncey St. Boston.

O'er graves of the loved ones Poetry and music by John P. Ordway, M.D....

Print showing title page illustration with a woman, man, and children decorating a tombstone with flowers.

[St. Louis] Court House, St. Louis, Mo.

[St. Louis] Court House, St. Louis, Mo.

Exterior view, with open lantern.

Olympic

Olympic

Theater, St. Louis.

On the Mississippi - St. Louis - a general view of the city from east St. Louis

On the Mississippi - St. Louis - a general view of the city from east ...

River scene with house and steamboat RICHMOND in fg.

Map of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad and its connections.

Map of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad and its connections.

Map of the central portion of the eastern United States between the Atlantic and St. Louis showing drainage, cities and towns, counties, roads, railroads, and iron and coal deposits.

Juliet, fine cut, chewing tobacco - James Moran & Co., St. Louis / Averell & Peckett, lith., N. Y.

Juliet, fine cut, chewing tobacco - James Moran & Co., St. Louis / Ave...

Tobacco package label showing balcony scene between Romeo and Juliet.

St. Louis fair grounds / St. Louis Democrat Litho. & Print. Co. ; drawn by C.N. Dry.

St. Louis fair grounds / St. Louis Democrat Litho. & Print. Co. ; draw...

Print showing bird's-eye view of fairgrounds at the St. Louis fair.

F. Heim & Bro. brewing company, lager beer, East St. Louis

F. Heim & Bro. brewing company, lager beer, East St. Louis

Print of advertisement for the F. Heim & Bro. Brewing Company showing a man holding up a glass of beer, and a bird's-eye view of the brewery.

Dr. Price's cream baking powder Steele & Price, manufacturers, Chicago & St. Louis / / Hughes & Johnson, lith., Chicago.

Dr. Price's cream baking powder Steele & Price, manufacturers, Chicago...

Advertising card for Dr. Price's cream baking powder, showing two women, one of them stirring batter in bowl.

Carthage. La Cathédrale / ND Phot.

Carthage. La Cathédrale / ND Phot.

Exterior of Cathedral of St. Louis, Carthage, Tunisia.

[The St. Louis bridge.] The erection -- the ribs completed and the roadways begun

[The St. Louis bridge.] The erection -- the ribs completed and the roa...

Photograph shows view of the St. Louis Bridge under construction, spanning the Mississippi River.

The road to Washington

The road to Washington

Print showing gameboard for a game "The road to Washington" with "Washington" at the top and "Grand Central Depot" near the bottom with connecting routes through the cities of "Philadelphia", "Newark", "Baltimo... more