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St. Louis 1875

Saint Louis in 1875Created by: PICRYLDated: 1875
Pictorial St. Louis, the great metropolis of the Mississippi valley; a topographical survey drawn in perspective A.D. 1875,
The history of St. Louis, Missouri from 1866 was marked by rapid growth, and the population of St. Louis increased so that it became the fourth largest city in the United States after New York City, Philadelphia, and Chicago.

This collection includes "Pictorial St. Louis, the Great Metropolis of the Mississippi Valley, a Topographical Survey Drawn in Perspective, A.D. 1875, by Camille N. Dry, Designed and Edited by Richard J. Compton."

During and shortly after the Civil War, St. Louis had suffered: cholera and typhoid in 1866. In the early 1870s, new industries began to grow in St. Louis. By 1880, St. Louis was the third largest raw cotton market in the United States with industries such as brewing, flour milling, slaughtering, machining, and tobacco processing, paint, bricks, bag, iron. Among the downsides to rapid industrialization was pollution. Brick firing produced particulate air pollution and paint making created lead dust, while beer and liquor brewing produced grain swill.

During the 1880s, the city grew from 350,518 to 451,770, making it the country's fourth-largest. The Panic of 1893 and subsequent depression and the overproduction of grain hit flour milling and most industries suffered declines.
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245 Media in collectionpage 1 of 3
View of St. Louis, Mo. [Levee]

View of St. Louis, Mo. [Levee]

Purchase; Christie's, South Kensington; 1981; (DLC/PP-1981:260).

Jefferson Barracks, St. Louis, Mo., lately the scene of great excitement on the departure of the Fourth Regiment of Missouri Volunteers to take possession of Bird's Point, Mo., opposite Cairo, Ill. [Busy scene]

Jefferson Barracks, St. Louis, Mo., lately the scene of great exciteme...

Title and other information transcribed from caption card. Illus. in: Frank Leslie's illustrated newspaper, vol. 12, no. 293 (1861 June 29), p. 106. Caption card tracings: C.W. Units Militia Mo.; C.W. Camp scen... more

The Gun-boat New Era, just built at St. Louis, Missouri / sketched by a correspondent.

The Gun-boat New Era, just built at St. Louis, Missouri / sketched by ...

Illus. in: Harper's weekly, 1861 Oct. 12, p. 646.

Arrival of the Twenty-Second Indiana Volunteers, Colonel J.C. Davis, at St. Louis, Missouri / sketched by James Guire.

Arrival of the Twenty-Second Indiana Volunteers, Colonel J.C. Davis, a...

Soldiers getting off steamboat. Illus. in: Harper's weekly, v. 5, no. 246 (1861 Sept. 14), p. 582.

Map of northern military movements: between New York & St. Louis

Map of northern military movements: between New York & St. Louis

Scale ca. 1:5,800,000. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 14.35 This map was originally published as an inset on Charles Magnus's Complete Map of the Rail Roads and Water Courses, in the United States & Canada (see C... more

Issuing passes at St. Louis

Issuing passes at St. Louis

Travel passes being issued to citizens by Federal government agents. Illus. in: Harper's pictorial history of the Civil War, 1862 March, p. 292. Copyright by Alfred H. Guernsey and Henry M. Alden.

Capture of Fort Henry by U.S. gun boats under the command of Flag Officer Foote, February 6th 1862 / J.G. ; Middleton, Strobridge & Co. Lith. Cin. O.

Capture of Fort Henry by U.S. gun boats under the command of Flag Offi...

Print shows four Union ironclads in the foreground, identified as the "St. Louis", "Carondelet", "Cincinnati", and the "Essex", bombarding Confederate Fort Henry in the background; also shows two Confederate st... more

Lloyd's map of the lower Mississippi River from St. Louis to the Gulf of Mexico

Lloyd's map of the lower Mississippi River from St. Louis to the Gulf ...

Scale 1:316,800. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 41 "Exhibiting the sugar and cotton plantations, cities, towns, landings, sand bars, islands, bluffs, bayous, cut-offs, the steamboat channel, mileage, fortificatio... more

O'er graves of the loved ones Poetry and music by John P. Ordway, M.D. ; to Louis P. Goussaud, Esq. / / Baker del ; John H. Bufford's Lith. 34 Chauncey St. Boston.

O'er graves of the loved ones Poetry and music by John P. Ordway, M.D....

Print showing title page illustration with a woman, man, and children decorating a tombstone with flowers. Title from item. Inscription: Oliver Ditson & Co. Proprietors, 16 July 1867, vol. 42 p. 747.

The great race on the Mississippi: from New Orleans to St. Louis 1210 miles

The great race on the Mississippi: from New Orleans to St. Louis 1210 ...

Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 2864

Olympic

Olympic

Theater, St. Louis. Stereo by Boehl & Koening, Saint Louis, Mo. No. 114. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Arch. Colls.; Photog. I.; Theaters Mo.; Mo. St. L-; Shelf.

[St. Louis] Court House, St. Louis, Mo.

[St. Louis] Court House, St. Louis, Mo.

Exterior view, with open lantern. Stereo by Boehl & Koenig, St. Louis. Reference copy may be in County Court Houses of the United States microfiche 96 (E5). This record contains unverified, old data from captio... more

City of St. Louis /

City of St. Louis /

Shows city wards and selected landownership. Includes index. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.

On the Mississippi - St. Louis - a general view of the city from east St. Louis

On the Mississippi - St. Louis - a general view of the city from east ...

River scene with house and steamboat RICHMOND in fg. Illus. in: Every Saturday. 14 Oct., Boston, 1871, p. 390 and p. 391. No ref. copy. This record contains unverified data from caption card. Caption card traci... more

Views of the great ice gorge of February 1872, in the Mississippi river between Cairo, Ills., and Columbus, Ky., in which were caught the steamers Great Republic, St. Louis, Charles Bodmann, Illinois, and Nick Longworth / by J.J. Thomas, Photographic artist, cor. 8th St. and Com. Av., Cairo, Ills.

Views of the great ice gorge of February 1872, in the Mississippi rive...

1733 U.S. Copyright Office. Caption on this photograph is torn. Title comes from the printed caption on a duplicate image. Photograph numbers relate to key on the back of the mount: "No. 1 Nicholas Longworth, N... more

Juliet, fine cut, chewing tobacco - James Moran & Co., St. Louis / Averell & Peckett, lith., N. Y.

Juliet, fine cut, chewing tobacco - James Moran & Co., St. Louis / Ave...

Tobacco package label showing balcony scene between Romeo and Juliet. C6216D U.S. Copyright Office. Copyright by James Moran & Co.

Map of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad and its connections.

Map of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad and its connections.

Map of the central portion of the eastern United States between the Atlantic and St. Louis showing drainage, cities and towns, counties, roads, railroads, and iron and coal deposits. Scale ca. 1:1,500,000. LC R... more

St. Louis fair grounds / St. Louis Democrat Litho. & Print. Co. ; drawn by C.N. Dry.

St. Louis fair grounds / St. Louis Democrat Litho. & Print. Co. ; draw...

Print showing bird's-eye view of fairgrounds at the St. Louis fair. 11770 U.S. Copyright Office. Title from item. Entered according to act of Congress, in the year 1874, by Compton & Company, in the Office of t... more

Birds eye view of St. Louis : showing the new line of the St. Louis, Kansas City & Northern Ry. running into the Union Depot.

Birds eye view of St. Louis : showing the new line of the St. Louis, K...

LC Panoramic maps (2nd ed.), 439.1 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Includes ill. and index to points of interest.

F. Heim & Bro. brewing company, lager beer, East St. Louis

F. Heim & Bro. brewing company, lager beer, East St. Louis

Print of advertisement for the F. Heim & Bro. Brewing Company showing a man holding up a glass of beer, and a bird's-eye view of the brewery.

Dr. Price's cream baking powder Steele & Price, manufacturers, Chicago & St. Louis / / Hughes & Johnson, lith., Chicago.

Dr. Price's cream baking powder Steele & Price, manufacturers, Chicago...

Advertising card for Dr. Price's cream baking powder, showing two women, one of them stirring batter in bowl.

Carthage. La Cathédrale / ND Phot.

Carthage. La Cathédrale / ND Phot.

Exterior of Cathedral of St. Louis, Carthage, Tunisia. Title from item. No. 335.

[The St. Louis bridge.] The erection -- the ribs completed and the roadways begun

[The St. Louis bridge.] The erection -- the ribs completed and the roa...

Photograph shows view of the St. Louis Bridge under construction, spanning the Mississippi River. Title from item. Illus. in: A history of the St. Louis bridge; containing a full account of every step in its co... more

The road to Washington

The road to Washington

Print showing gameboard for a game "The road to Washington" with "Washington" at the top and "Grand Central Depot" near the bottom with connecting routes through the cities of "Philadelphia", "Newark", "Baltimo... more

Pen picture of the progress of the city of St. Louis, Mo.

Pen picture of the progress of the city of St. Louis, Mo.

Shows views of St. Louis between 1784 and 1884. LC Panoramic maps (2nd ed.), 440 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. AACR2: 651/1

U.S. gunboat ST. LOUIS

U.S. gunboat ST. LOUIS

Illus. in: Century Magazine, v. 29, Nov.-Apr. 1884-85, p. 429. Reference copy may be available in LOT 9393 O. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Civil War, 1861-... more

Monument to Major Ogden near Fort Riley, Kansas, 420 miles west of St. Louis, Mo.

Monument to Major Ogden near Fort Riley, Kansas, 420 miles west of St....

No. 103. Title from item. Part of series: Across the continent on the Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division.

View on Kansas River, Topeka, Kansas, 351 miles west of St. Louis, Mo.

View on Kansas River, Topeka, Kansas, 351 miles west of St. Louis, Mo.

No. 89. Title from item. Part of series: Across the continent on the Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division.

View at Mr. Wetherall's, Topeka, Kansas, 351 miles west of St. Louis, Mo.

View at Mr. Wetherall's, Topeka, Kansas, 351 miles west of St. Louis, ...

No. 90 1/2. Title from item. Part of series: Across the continent on the Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division.

View at Mr. Wetherall's, Topeka, Kansas, 351 miles west of St. Louis, Mo.

View at Mr. Wetherall's, Topeka, Kansas, 351 miles west of St. Louis, ...

No. 90 1/2. Title from item. Part of series: Across the continent on the Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division.

View on Muddy Creek, Abilene, Kansas, 447 miles west of St. Louis, Mo.

View on Muddy Creek, Abilene, Kansas, 447 miles west of St. Louis, Mo.

No. 113. Title from item. Part of series: Across the continent on the Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division.

Section men at Salina, Kansas (The extreme distance is five miles off), 447 miles west of St. Louis, Mo.

Section men at Salina, Kansas (The extreme distance is five miles off)...

No. 122. Title from item. Part of series: Across the continent on the Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division.

Prairie dog at Prairie Dog Town, Abilene, Kansas, 447 miles west of St. Louis, Mo.

Prairie dog at Prairie Dog Town, Abilene, Kansas, 447 miles west of St...

No. 119. Title from item. Part of series: Across the continent on the Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division.

Levenworth, Lawrence, & Galveston, R. R. Bridge across Kansas River, Lawrence, Kansas, 323 miles west of St. Louis, Mo.

Levenworth, Lawrence, & Galveston, R. R. Bridge across Kansas River, L...

No. 32. Title from item. Part of series: Across the continent on the Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division.

Cattle grazing on Mount Oriad, Lawrence, Kansas, 323 miles west of St. Louis, Mo.

Cattle grazing on Mount Oriad, Lawrence, Kansas, 323 miles west of St....

No. 47. Title from item. Part of series: Across the continent on the Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division.

House & well where Jim Lane shot Capt. Jenkins, Lawrence, Kansas, 323 miles west of St. Louis, Mo.

House & well where Jim Lane shot Capt. Jenkins, Lawrence, Kansas, 323 ...

No. 41. Title from item. Part of series: Across the continent on the Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division.

United States Express overland stage, starting for Denver from Hays City, Kansas, 580 miles west of St. Louis, Mo.

United States Express overland stage, starting for Denver from Hays Ci...

No. 148. Title from item. Part of series: Across the continent on the Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division. Forms part of Marian S. Carson Collection (Library of Congress).

The escort at Indian cave on Mulberry Creek, Kansas, 11 miles north east of Fort Harker & 494 miles west of St. Louis, Mo.

The escort at Indian cave on Mulberry Creek, Kansas, 11 miles north ea...

No. 137. Title from item. Part of series: Across the continent on the Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division.