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Soviet Space

The Soviet space programCreated by: PICRYLDated: 2017
Early Rockets
Over its sixty-year history, primarily classified military The Soviet space program was responsible for a number of pioneering accomplishments in space flight, including the first intercontinental ballistic missile (R-7), first satellite (Sputnik 1), first animal in Earth orbit (the dog Laika on Sputnik 2), first human in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin on Vostok 1), first woman in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova on Vostok 6), first spacewalk (cosmonaut Alexey Leonov on Voskhod 2), first Moon impact (Luna 2), first image of the far side of the moon (Luna 3) and unmanned lunar soft landing (Luna 9), first space rover (Lunokhod 1), first sample of lunar soil automatically extracted and brought to Earth (Luna 16), and first space station (Salyut 1).
Further notable records included the first interplanetary probes: Venera 1 and Mars 1 to fly by Venus and Mars, respectively, Venera 3 and Mars 2 to impact the respective planet surface, and Venera 7 and Mars 3 to make soft landings on these planets.
1957
1957
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2017
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2017
408 Media in collectionpage 1 of 5
Early Rockets

Early Rockets

The Army Ballistic Missile Agency incorporated the von Braun team in key positions with Dr. von Braun as a head of the Development Operations Division. On October 4, 1957, the Nation was shocked when the Russia... more

Zond 2

Zond 2

Description: (1965) Zond 2 was an automatic interplanetary station launched from a Tyazheliy Sputnik (64-078A) in Earth parking orbit towards Mars to test space-borne systems and to carry out scientific investi... more

Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin

Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin

Yuri Gagarin was born on March 9, 1934 in a town outside of Moscow, Russia. After graduating from secondary school in 1949, Gagarin went to several technical schools before joining the Orenburg Higher Air Force... more

Thomas Stafford Trains in Soviet Simulator for ASTP

Thomas Stafford Trains in Soviet Simulator for ASTP

(October 17, 1972) Brig. Gen. Thomas P. Stafford (left), veteran of 3 US space flights, "flew" the Soviet Soyuz spacecraft simulator with Maj. Gen. Andriyan G. Nikolayev, veteran of two Soviet Space flights, du... more

Saturn Apollo Program

Saturn Apollo Program

This illustration depicts a configuration of the Soyuz spacecraft for the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP). The ASTP was the first international docking of the U.S.'s Apollo spacecraft and the U.S.S.R.'s Soyuz ... more

View of Soyuz spacecraft which was part of exhibit

View of Soyuz spacecraft which was part of exhibit

S73-27666 (May-June 1973) --- A close-up view of the Soyuz spacecraft which was part of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project exhibit at the 30th International Aeronautics and Space Exhibition held May 24 ? June 3, 197... more

Artist's concept of Apollo/Soyuz spacecraft docking approach

Artist's concept of Apollo/Soyuz spacecraft docking approach

S73-02395 (August 1973) --- An artist?s concept illustrating an Apollo-type spacecraft (on left) about to dock with a Soviet Soyuz-type spacecraft. A recent agreement between the United States and the Union of ... more

Astronauts and Cosmonauts sightseeing at Red Square in Moscow

Astronauts and Cosmonauts sightseeing at Red Square in Moscow

S74-20831 (November 1973) --- A group of astronauts and their cosmonaut hosts are photographed sightseeing on Red Square in the heart of Moscow during a tour of the Soviet capital. The Americans were in the USS... more

Saturn Apollo Program

Saturn Apollo Program

This artist's concept depicts the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP), the first international docking of the U.S.'s Apollo spacecraft and the U.S.S.R.'s Soyuz spacecraft in space. The objective of the ASTP missio... more

Soyuz Spacecraft Mock-up on Display in Star City

Soyuz Spacecraft Mock-up on Display in Star City

A mock-up of the USSR Soyuz spacecraft on display at the Cosmonaut Training Center (Star City) near Moscow. The Soyuz, mounted horizontally, was exhibited at the Paris air show in May- June 1973 in a docked con... more

Saturn Apollo Program

Saturn Apollo Program

This illustration depicts a comparison of two space vehicles, the U.S.'s Saturn IB launch vehicle and the U.S.S.R.'s Soyuz launch vehicle, for the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project. The ASTP was the first international... more

View of launch pad at the Baykonur Cosmodrome showing Soyuz spacecraft

View of launch pad at the Baykonur Cosmodrome showing Soyuz spacecraft

S75-32339 (28 Jan. 1974) --- A low-angle view of a launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan showing the installation of a Soyuz spacecraft and its launch vehicle. The 49.3-meter-high (162 feet) space... more

OFFICIAL EMBLEM - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP)

OFFICIAL EMBLEM - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP)

S74-17843 (March 1974) --- This is the official emblem of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project chosen by NASA and the Soviet Academy of Sciences. The joint U.S.-USSR space mission is scheduled to be flown in July 1975... more

APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - FOOD

APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - FOOD

S74-20797 (23 April 1974) --- Candidate food items being considered for the joint U.S.-USSR Apollo-Soyuz Test Project mission are sampled by three ASTP crewmen in Building 4 at the Johnson Space Center. They ar... more

Meeting - Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP)

Meeting - Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP)

S74-20794 (23 April 1974) --- Cosmonaut Aleksey A. Leonov (center), commander of the Soviet crew of the joint U.S.-USSR Apollo-Soyuz Test Project mission, goes through familiarization training with a television... more

APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - CREWMEN (COSMONAUTS)

APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - CREWMEN (COSMONAUTS)

S74-20824 (April 1974) --- Cosmonaut Aleksey A. Leonov

Cosmonaut Aleksey Leonov briefed on Apollo Communications test system console

Cosmonaut Aleksey Leonov briefed on Apollo Communications test system ...

S74-20807 (23 April 1974) --- Cosmonaut Aleksey A. Leonov (foreground) is briefed on the Apollo communications test system console in the Building 440 laboratory during the joint U.S.-USSR Apollo-Soyuz Test Pro... more

Portrait  - Cosmonauts Leonov, Aleksey A. and  Kubasov, Valeriy N.

Portrait - Cosmonauts Leonov, Aleksey A. and Kubasov, Valeriy N.

S74-20823 (25 April 1974) --- Cosmonauts Aleksey A. Leonov and Valeriy N. Kubasov

Saturn Apollo Program

Saturn Apollo Program

This illustration depicts a configuration of the Command Service Module (CSM) and Docking Module (DM) for the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP). The ASTP was the first international docking of the U.S.'s Apollo ... more

Mock-ups of USSR Soyuz spacecraft on display at Star City

Mock-ups of USSR Soyuz spacecraft on display at Star City

S74-24675 (June 1974) --- Two mock-ups of the USSR Soyuz spacecraft which are on display at the Cosmonaut Training Center (Star City) near Moscow. The Soyuz spacecraft mounted vertically on the left is a traini... more

Saturn Apollo Program

Saturn Apollo Program

This illustration shows the docking configuration of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP). The ASTP was the first international docking of the U.S.'s Apollo spacecraft and the U.S.S.R.'s Soyuz spacecraft in spa... more

Close-up view of descent vehicle of Soyuz spacecraft training mock-up

Close-up view of descent vehicle of Soyuz spacecraft training mock-up

S74-24677 (June 1974) --- A close-up view of the descent vehicle of the Soyuz spacecraft training mock-up on display at the Cosmonuat Training Center (Star City) near Moscow. The open hatch reveals the interior... more

PROTOCOL - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - MOSCOW VISIT - USSR

PROTOCOL - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - MOSCOW VISIT - USSR

S74-24948 (4 July 1974) --- A group of astronauts from the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project office at the Johnson Space Center are photographed with their Soviet hosts after attending a reception at the USSR Academy o... more

TRAINING - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) (MOSCOW)

TRAINING - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) (MOSCOW)

S74-25259 (June 1974) --- Four crewmen of the joint U.S.-USSR Apollo-Soyuz Test Project mission are photographed beside a Soyuz spacecraft trainer during ASTP crew training activity at the Cosmonaut Training Ce... more

APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) (DOCKING) - ART CONCEPT

APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) (DOCKING) - ART CONCEPT

S74-24913 (August 1973) --- An artist's concept illustrating an Apollo-type spacecraft (left) about to dock with a Soviet Soyuz-type spacecraft. A recent agreement between the United States (USA) and the Union ... more

Test - Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP)

Test - Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP)

S74-24671 (10 July 1974) --- Three Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) engineers look over a Soyuz spacecraft docking system prior to an ASTP docking mechanism fitness test conducted in Building 13 at the Johnson ... more

American & Soviet engineers examine ASTP docking set-up following tests

American & Soviet engineers examine ASTP docking set-up following test...

S74-25394 (10 July 1974) --- A group of American and Soviet engineers of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project working group three examines an ASTP docking set-up following a docking mechanism fitness test conducted in... more

Simulation - Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) Docking Transition - JSC

Simulation - Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) Docking Transition - JSC

S74-28649 (16 Sept. 1974) --- Three crewmen of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project are seated in a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft orbital module mock-up in Building 35 during ASTP simulation training at the Johnson Space Ce... more

Simulation - ASTP

Simulation - ASTP

S74-28972 (20 Sept. 1974) --- Astronaut Vance D. Brand (foreground) and cosmonaut Aleksandr S. Ivanchenko are seated in the Docking Module trainer in Building 35 during Apollo-Soyuz Test Project simulation trai... more

PROTOCOL - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - TOUR - WASHINGTON, DC

PROTOCOL - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - TOUR - WASHINGTON, DC

S74-29892 (7 Sept. 1974) --- President Gerald R. Ford removes the Soviet Soyuz spacecraft model from a model set depicting the 1975 Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, an Earth orbital docking and rendezvous mission inv... more

American-built hardware for ASPT undergoes pre-delivery preparations

American-built hardware for ASPT undergoes pre-delivery preparations

S74-28295 (September 1974) --- American-built hardware for the joint U.S.-USSR Apollo-Soyuz Test Project mission undergoes pre-delivery preparations in the giant clean room at Rockwell International Corporation... more

Cosmonaut Aleksey Leonov joins belly dancer on stage at Folklife Festival

Cosmonaut Aleksey Leonov joins belly dancer on stage at Folklife Festi...

S74-28666 (14 Sept. 1974) --- Cosmonaut Aleksey A. Leonov, in one of the lighter moments of activity involving Soviet cosmonauts and American astronauts, joins a belly dancer on stage as several visitors to wee... more

Soviet and American ASTP commanders in Soyuz orbital module mock-up

Soviet and American ASTP commanders in Soyuz orbital module mock-up

S74-29041 (September 1974) --- The commanders of the American astronaut and Soviet cosmonaut crews for the joint U.S.?USSR Apollo-Soyuz Test Project mission compare notes in a Soyuz spacecraft?s orbital module ... more

Soviet and American flight directors for ASTP

Soviet and American flight directors for ASTP

S74-32481 (November 1974) --- These two men are flight directors for the joint U.S.-USSR Apollo-Soyuz Test Project mission scheduled for July 1975. Cosmonaut Aleksey A. Yeliseyev (left) is the Soviet ASTP senio... more

Apollo Soyuz

Apollo Soyuz

Apollo Launch: July 15, 1975 Landing: July 24, 1975 Soyuz Launch: July 15, 1975 Landing July 21, 1975 Docking Time: July 17, 1975, at 12:12 p.m. EDT Undocking Time: July 19, 1975, at 11:26 a.m. EDT Total Tim... more

Astronauts in the Soyuz Orbital Module

Astronauts in the Soyuz Orbital Module

(July 17, 1975) Astronauts Thomas P. Stafford (left) and Donald K. "Deke" Slayton hold containers of Soviet space food in the Soyuz Orbital Module during the joint U.S.-USSR Apollo-Soyuz Test Project docking in... more

AST-06-374 - Apollo Soyuz Test Project - Apollo Soyuz Test Project, Stafford in Apollo Command Module

AST-06-374 - Apollo Soyuz Test Project - Apollo Soyuz Test Project, St...

The original database describes this as: Description: Apollo Soyuz Test Project (ASTP),Apollo Commander Thomas P. Stafford in Apollo Command Module. Original Film Magazine: CI-15,Laboratory Roll 6; Camera Data... more

ASTP -  INSIGNIAS

ASTP - INSIGNIAS

S75-20361 (27 Feb. 1975) --- This is the American crew insignia of the joint United States-USSR Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) scheduled to take place in July 1975. Of circular design, the insignia has a col... more

Certificate Signing of First American and Russian Docking

Certificate Signing of First American and Russian Docking

(July 17, 1975) The hands of Cosmonaut Valerly N. Kubasov are seen as the Apollo Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) engineer adds his name to the signature on the Soviet side of the offical joint certificate marking an ... more

Installation of Soyuz Spacecraft at Baikonur

Installation of Soyuz Spacecraft at Baikonur

The Soyuz spacecraft and launch vehicle are installed on the launch pad at the Baikonur complex in Kazakhstan. Baikonur is the world's largest space center. This launch was part of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project... more

ASTP Patch

ASTP Patch

(February 27, 1975) This is the American crew insignia of the joint United States-USSR Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP). The white stars on the blue background represent American astronauts Thomas P. Stafford, ... more

Historic Handshake

Historic Handshake

(July 17, 1975) Apollo Commander, Astronaut Thomas P. Stafford (in foreground) and Soyuz Commander, Cosmonaut Alexei A. Leonov make their historic handshake in space during the joint Russian / American docking ... more

AST-03-157 - Apollo Soyuz Test Project - Apollo Soyuz Test Project, Cosmonaut Kubasov in Soyuz

AST-03-157 - Apollo Soyuz Test Project - Apollo Soyuz Test Project, Co...

The original database describes this as: Description: Apollo Soyuz Test Project (ASTP), Soyuz Flight Engineer Valeriy N. Kubasov in Soyuz module. Original Film Magazine: CI-13,Laboratory Roll 3; Camera Data: N... more

Soyuz Spacecraft in Orbit

Soyuz Spacecraft in Orbit

This scene was photographed with a handheld 70mm camera from a rendezvous window of the American Apollo spacecraft in Earth orbit during the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) mission. It shows the Soviet Soyuz s... more

Apollo-Soyuz, 1975

Apollo-Soyuz, 1975

Image Credit: NASA..Description July 15, 1975.The first international space mission, the Apollo-Soyuz brought into contact American and Soviet crews in outerspace...This mission marked the end of the space race... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Model of docked Apollo and Soyuz spacecraft in the foreground and skylight in the Vehicle Assembly Building high bay frame the second stage of the Saturn 1B booster that will launch the United States ASTP mission as a crane raises it prior to its mating with the Saturn 1B first stage.  Mating of the Saturn 1B first and second stages was completed this morning.  The U. S. ASTP launch with mission commander Thomas Stafford, command module pilot Vance Brand and docking module pilot Donald Slayton is scheduled at 3:50 p.m. EDT July 15.      The first international crewed spaceflight was a joint U.S.-U.S.S.R. rendezvous and docking mission.  The Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, or ASTP, took its name from the spacecraft employed: the American Apollo and the Soviet Soyuz.  The three-man Apollo crew lifted off from Kennedy Space Center aboard a Saturn IB rocket on July 15, 1975, to link up with the Soyuz that had launched a few hours earlier.  A cylindrical docking module served as an airlock between the two spacecraft for transfer of the crew members.  Photo credit: NASA KSC-108-75P-0005

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Model of docked Apollo and Soyuz spacecraft in ...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Model of docked Apollo and Soyuz spacecraft in the foreground and skylight in the Vehicle Assembly Building high bay frame the second stage of the Saturn 1B booster that will launch the U... more

Simulations - Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) - Soyuz - JSC

Simulations - Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) - Soyuz - JSC

S75-21892 (20 Feb. 1975) --- Astronaut Thomas P. Stafford (left) and cosmonaut Aleksey A. Leonov participate in Apollo-Soyuz Test Project joint crew training in Building 35 at NASA's Johnson Space Center. Staff... more

SIMULATIONS - APOLL-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - CREW COMMANDERS - JSC

SIMULATIONS - APOLL-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - CREW COMMANDERS - JSC

S75-22785 (25 Feb. 1975) --- An interior view of the Docking Module trainer, in Building 35, during Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) joint crew training at NASA's Johnson Space Center (JSC). Astronaut Thomas P.... more

Simulations - Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) Food/Orbital Module - JSC

Simulations - Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) Food/Orbital Module - J...

S75-22770 (25 Feb. 1975) --- Two American ASTP prime crewmen have a meal with the Soviet ASTP first (prime) crewmen during Apollo-Soyuz Test Project joint crew training at NASA's Johnson Space Center. The four ... more

Simulations - Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) Orbital Module/Docking Module (DM) - JSC

Simulations - Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) Orbital Module/Docking ...

S75-22856 (25 Feb. 1975) --- An interior view of the Soyuz orbital module mock-up in Building 35 during Apollo-Soyuz Test Project joint crew training at NASA's Johnson Space Center. The ASTP crewmen are astrona... more

SIMULATIONS - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - COMMAND MODULE (CM)/FOOD - JSC

SIMULATIONS - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - COMMAND MODULE (CM)/F...

S75-22747 (25 Feb. 1975) --- An interior view of the Apollo Command Module trainer in Building 35 showing the three American ASTP prime crewmen lying in their couches during Apollo-Soyuz Test Project training a... more

Russian and American Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) - Prime Crew Portrait

Russian and American Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) - Prime Crew Por...

S75-22410 (March 1975) --- These five men compose the two prime crews of the joint United States-USSR Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) docking mission in Earth orbit scheduled for July 1975. They are astronaut ... more

SIMULATIONS - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP)

SIMULATIONS - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP)

S75-24899 (April 1975) --- An exhibit illustrating the space suits designed for the Soviet cosmonaut crewmen of the joint U.S.-USSR Apollo-Soyuz Test Project docking mission in Earth orbit. These were on displa... more

SIMULATIONS - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - USSR

SIMULATIONS - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - USSR

S75-24926 (April 1975) --- Cosmonaut Aleksey A. Leonov, commander of the Soviet ASTP prime crew, practices with a training mock-up of the ASTP commemorative medal during Apollo-Soyuz Test Project activity at th... more

SIMULATIONS - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - WATER EGRESS - JSC

SIMULATIONS - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - WATER EGRESS - JSC

S75-23431 (8 March 1975) --- Astronaut Donald K. Slayton attaches his life preserver as he egresses an Apollo Command Module trainer in a water tank in Building 260 during water egress training at NASA's Johnso... more

ART CONCEPTS - ASTP

ART CONCEPTS - ASTP

S75-27287 (May 1975) --- An artist?s concept depicting an American Apollo spacecraft docked with a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft in Earth orbit. This view is looking toward the aft end of Soyuz, with the Apollo in th... more

ART CONCEPTS - ASTP

ART CONCEPTS - ASTP

S75-27289 (May 1975) --- An artist?s concept depicting the American Apollo spacecraft docked with a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft in Earth orbit. During the joint U.S.-USSR Apollo-Soyuz Test Project mission, schedule... more

Launch Preparations - Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) - USSR

Launch Preparations - Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) - USSR

S75-25615 (April 1975) --- The Soviet Soyuz spacecraft for the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project mission is seen during prelaunch preparations at the Baikonur launch complex near Tyuratam in the Kazakh Soviet Socialist... more

ART CONCEPTS - ASTP

ART CONCEPTS - ASTP

S75-27285 (April 1975) --- An artist's concept depicting an American Apollo spacecraft rendezvousing with a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft in Earth orbit. The two spacecraft are in a near-docked configuration. During ... more

ART CONCEPTS - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP)

ART CONCEPTS - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP)

S75-27290 (April 1975) --- An artist?s concept illustrating a cutaway view of the docked Apollo and Soyuz spacecraft in Earth orbit. This scene depicts the moment the two international crews meet in space for ... more

APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - ART CONCEPTS

APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - ART CONCEPTS

S75-25077 (May 1975) --- A photographic copy of a painting made by cosmonaut Aleksey A. Leonov, commander of the Soviet ASTP first (prime) crew. This symbolic artwork, representing a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft doc... more

Art Concept - Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) Crews

Art Concept - Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) Crews

S75-25941 (April 1975) --- An Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) symbolic painting by artist Bert Winthrop of Rockwell International Space Division, Downey, California. The artwork is composed of the ASTP mission... more

View of Commemorative Plaque for ASTP

View of Commemorative Plaque for ASTP

S75-26927 (July 1975) --- A close-up view of the Commemorative Plaque for the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project. Two plaques divided into four quarters each will be flown on the ASTP mission. A four-part plaque is comp... more

ASTP - EQUIPMENT (GIFT BAG)

ASTP - EQUIPMENT (GIFT BAG)

S75-27952 (July 1975) --- A close-up view of the special ?gift bag? in which several exchange/gift items will be carried aboard the Apollo Command Module during the joint U.S.-USSR Apollo-Soyuz Test Project mis... more

ASTP - ARTIST CONCEPTS

ASTP - ARTIST CONCEPTS

S75-28510 (July 1975) --- An artist?s concept depicting the Soviet ASTP Soyuz spacecraft in Earth orbit. The three major components of the Soyuz are the spherical-shaped Orbital Module on which the letters CCCP... more

APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - ART CONCEPT (LEONOV DRAWING)

APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - ART CONCEPT (LEONOV DRAWING)

S75-28504 (17 July 1975) --- The American ASTP crewmen search the skies for the Soviet Soyuz spacecraft in this humorous artwork by cosmonaut Aleksey A. Leonov. Astronauts Vance D. Brand, Donald K. Slayton and ... more

Soviet Soyuz spacecraft in orbit as seen from American Apollo spacecraft

Soviet Soyuz spacecraft in orbit as seen from American Apollo spacecra...

AST-01-053 (17-19 July 1975) --- The Soviet Soyuz spacecraft is contrasted against a black-sky background in this photograph taken in Earth orbit. This view is looking toward the aft end of the Soyuz. Two solar... more

MISSION CONTROL CENTER (MCC) - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - JSC

MISSION CONTROL CENTER (MCC) - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - JSC

S75-28682 (17 July 1975) --- An overall view of the Mission Operations Control Room in the Mission Control Center during the joint U.S.-USSR Apollo-Soyuz Test Project docking mission in Earth orbit. The large t... more

Cosmonaut Lenov and Astronaut Stafford during ASTP visit

Cosmonaut Lenov and Astronaut Stafford during ASTP visit

AST-03-191 (17-19 July 1975) --- Astronaut Thomas P. Stafford and cosmonaut Aleksei A. Leonov are seen at the hatchway leading from the Apollo Docking Module (DM) to the Soyuz Orbital Module (OM) during the joi... more

Joint certificate marking historical moment during ASTP rendezvous

Joint certificate marking historical moment during ASTP rendezvous

AST-03-171 (17 July 1975) --- The hands of cosmonaut Valerly N. Kubasov are seen as the ASTP engineer adds his name to the signature on the Soviet side of the official joint certificate marking an historical mo... more

ONBOARD PHOTOS - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - "HANDSHAKE IN SPACE"

ONBOARD PHOTOS - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - "HANDSHAKE IN SPAC...

S75-29432 (17 July 1975) --- Astronaut Thomas P. Stafford (in foreground) and cosmonaut Aleksei A. Leonov make their historic handshake in space on July 17, 1975 during the joint U.S.-USSR Apollo Soyuz Test Pro... more

Soviet Soyuz spacecraft in orbit as seen from American Apollo spacecraft

Soviet Soyuz spacecraft in orbit as seen from American Apollo spacecra...

AST-01-056 (18 July 1975) --- An excellent view of the Soviet Soyuz spacecraft in Earth orbit, photographed from the American Apollo spacecraft during the joint U.S.-USSR Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) dockin... more

Apollo Soyuz Test Project Commemorative plaque in orbit

Apollo Soyuz Test Project Commemorative plaque in orbit

AST-05-263 (17-18 July 1975) --- The Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) Commemorative Plaque is assembled in the Soviet Soyuz Orbital Module during the joint U.S.-USSR Apollo-Soyuz Test Project docking mission in... more

MISSION CONTROL CENTER (MCC) - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - JSC

MISSION CONTROL CENTER (MCC) - APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) - JSC

S75-28683 (17 July 1975) --- An overall view of the Mission Operations Control Room in the Mission Control Center during the joint U.S.-USSR Apollo-Soyuz Test Project docking mission in Earth orbit. M.P. Frank,... more

Astronaut Stafford and Cosmonaut Leonov together in Soyuz Orbital Module

Astronaut Stafford and Cosmonaut Leonov together in Soyuz Orbital Modu...

AST-05-298 (17-19 July 1975) --- Astronaut Donald K. Slayton and cosmonaut Aleksey A. Leonov are seen together in the Soyuz Orbital Module during the joint U.S.-USSR Apollo-Soyuz Test Project docking mission in... more

View of Mission Control during joint U.S.-USSR ASTP mission

View of Mission Control during joint U.S.-USSR ASTP mission

S75-28685 (17 July 1975) --- An overall view of activity in the Mission Operations Control Room in the Mission Control Center during joint U.S.-USSR Apollo Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) docking mission in Earth orb... more

AMERICAN AND SOVIET ASTRONAUTS - LEONOV - SOVIET - APOLLO SOYUZ

AMERICAN AND SOVIET ASTRONAUTS - LEONOV - SOVIET - APOLLO SOYUZ

The original finding aid described this as: Capture Date: 5/27/1976 Photographer: COPY NEGATIVE Keywords: Larsen Scan Photographs Relating to Agency Activities, Facilities and Personnel

AMERICAN AND SOVIET ASTRONAUTS - KUBASOV - SOVIET - APOLLO SOYUZ

AMERICAN AND SOVIET ASTRONAUTS - KUBASOV - SOVIET - APOLLO SOYUZ

The original finding aid described this as: Capture Date: 5/27/1976 Photographer: COPY NEGATIVE Keywords: Larsen Scan Photographs Relating to Agency Activities, Facilities and Personnel

Valentina Tereshkova

Valentina Tereshkova

(1977) Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Vladimirovna Nikolayevna-Tereshkova looks over the Apollo Command Module on exhibit in Building 2 during a tour of the Johnson Space Center in 1977. Tereshkova was the first fe... more

STS074-709-095 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight deck windows

STS074-709-095 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight d...

The original finding aid described this as: Description: The Base Block, Kvant, Progress, Kristall and Spektr modules of the Russian Mir space station can be seen through the aft flight deck windows of the spa... more

STS074-709-038 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight deck windows

STS074-709-038 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight d...

The original finding aid described this as: Description: The Base Block, Kvant, Progress, Kristall and Spektr modules of the Russian Mir space station can be seen through the aft flight deck windows of the spa... more

STS074-709-093 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight deck windows

STS074-709-093 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight d...

The original finding aid described this as: Description: The Base Block, Kvant, Progress, Kristall and Spektr modules of the Russian Mir space station can be seen through the aft flight deck windows of the spa... more

STS074-721-025 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen from aft flight deck

STS074-721-025 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen from aft flight deck

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Views of the Base Block, Kvant, Sofora truss, and Progress modules of the Mir space station as seen from the aft flight deck of the shuttle Atlantis. S... more

STS074-709-073 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight deck windows

STS074-709-073 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight d...

The original finding aid described this as: Description: The Base Block, Kvant, Progress, Kristall and Spektr modules of the Russian Mir space station can be seen through the aft flight deck windows of the spa... more

STS074-709-060 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight deck windows

STS074-709-060 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight d...

The original finding aid described this as: Description: The Base Block, Kvant, Progress, Kristall and Spektr modules of the Russian Mir space station can be seen through the aft flight deck windows of the spa... more

STS074-721-017 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen from aft flight deck

STS074-721-017 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen from aft flight deck

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Views of the Spektr, Kristall, Base Block, Kvant and Progress modules of the Mir space station as seen from the aft flight deck of the shuttle Atlantis ... more

STS074-709-037 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight deck windows

STS074-709-037 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight d...

The original finding aid described this as: Description: The Base Block, Kristall and Spektr modules of the Russian Mir space station can be seen through the aft flight deck windows of the space shuttle Atlant... more

STS074-709-059 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight deck windows

STS074-709-059 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight d...

The original finding aid described this as: Description: The Base Block, Kvant, Progress, Kristall and Spektr modules of the Russian Mir space station can be seen through the aft flight deck windows of the spa... more

STS074-709-062 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight deck windows

STS074-709-062 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight d...

The original finding aid described this as: Description: The Base Block, Kvant, Progress, Kristall and Spektr modules of the Russian Mir space station can be seen through the aft flight deck windows of the spa... more

STS074-721-008 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen from aft flight deck

STS074-721-008 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen from aft flight deck

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Views of the Spektr, Kristall, Base Block, Kvant and Progress modules of the Mir space station as seen from the aft flight deck of the shuttle Atlantis ... more

STS063-710-006 - STS-063 - Mir Space Station in orbit over the Earth

STS063-710-006 - STS-063 - Mir Space Station in orbit over the Earth

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Photographic documentation of the Mir Space Station in orbit over the Earth,as viewed from the Space Shuttle Discovery during STS-63. Subject Terms: ST... more

STS074-709-066 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight deck windows

STS074-709-066 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight d...

The original finding aid described this as: Description: The Base Block, Kvant, Progress, Kristall and Spektr modules of the Russian Mir space station can be seen through the aft flight deck windows of the spa... more

STS074-709-055 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight deck windows

STS074-709-055 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight d...

The original finding aid described this as: Description: The Base Block, Kvant, Progress, Kristall and Spektr modules of the Russian Mir space station can be seen through the aft flight deck windows of the spa... more

STS074-709-039 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight deck windows

STS074-709-039 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight d...

The original finding aid described this as: Description: The Base Block, Kvant, Progress, Kristall and Spektr modules of the Russian Mir space station can be seen through the aft flight deck windows of the spa... more

STS074-709-076 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight deck windows

STS074-709-076 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight d...

The original finding aid described this as: Description: The Base Block, Kvant, Progress, Kristall and Spektr modules of the Russian Mir space station can be seen through the aft flight deck windows of the spa... more

STS074-721-038 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen from aft flight deck

STS074-721-038 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen from aft flight deck

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Views of the solar arrays connected to the Spektr module of the Mir space station as seen from the aft flight deck of the shuttle Atlantis. Subject Ter... more

STS074-709-035 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight deck windows

STS074-709-035 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight d...

The original finding aid described this as: Description: The Base Block, Kristall and Spektr modules of the Russian Mir space station can be seen through the aft flight deck windows of the space shuttle Atlant... more

STS089-338-026 - STS-089 - Pilot Edwards floats by a flight deck window framing the Mir Space Station

STS089-338-026 - STS-089 - Pilot Edwards floats by a flight deck windo...

The original finding aid described this as: Description: STS-89 Pilot Joe Edwards floats by a flight deck window on the Orbiter Endeavour framing the Mir Space Station. Subject Terms: STS-89, ENDEAVOUR (ORBIT... more

STS074-709-072 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight deck windows

STS074-709-072 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen through aft flight d...

The original finding aid described this as: Description: The Base Block, Kvant, Progress, Kristall and Spektr modules of the Russian Mir space station can be seen through the aft flight deck windows of the spa... more

STS074-721-068 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen from aft flight deck

STS074-721-068 - STS-074 - Mir space station seen from aft flight deck

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Views of the Base Block, Kvant, Spektr and Kristall modules of the Russian space station Mir. Subject Terms: MIR SPACE STATION MODULES SURVEYS SOLAR AR... more