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Economic Literacy. Social Studies: Grade-1

Economic literacyCreated by: PICRYLDated: 2017
Telegraph Instrument, copper alloy
In the first grade, students summarize the need for money, how money is earned, and how money and credit are used in order to meet needs and wants including the costs and benefits of spending and saving.
Students define and explain the roles of consumers and producers in the American economy.
Students summarize how historic inventors and entrepreneurs contributed to the prosperity of the nation including Samuel F. B. Morse, John Deere, Alexander Graham
Bell, Orville and Wilbur Wright, and Thomas Edison.
82 Media in collectionpage 1 of 1
Morse, Samuel
Morse, Samuel
The Telegraph, bronze, Italian

The Telegraph, bronze, Italian

Antonio Rosetti (born 1819)

Telegraph Instrument, copper alloy
[Samuel F. B. Morse, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front]

[Samuel F. B. Morse, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front]

Produced by Mathew Brady's studio. Scratched on face of plate: 139. Scratched on back of plate: 15; 294 Transfer; U.S. War College; 1920; (DLC/PP-1920:46153). Forms part of: Daguerreotype collection (Library of... More

[Samuel F.B. Morse, half-length portrait, posing with left hand on a telegraph apparatus, facing slightly left]
Samuel F. B. Morse House, Poughkeepsie, New York (perspective and plan)
Samuel F.B. Morse, Glass negative photograph, American Civil War time.
Samuel F.B. Morse, Glass negative photograph, American Civil War time.
[Worker repairing telegraph line?] (Andrew J. Russel)

[Worker repairing telegraph line?] (Andrew J. Russel)

No. 61 & 62 (handwritten) and 2562 (stamped) on mount. Title devised by Library staff. Forms part of Civil War photos, military construction and transportation in Northern Virginia and elsewhere / United States... More

Telegraph Cable Fleet at Sea, 1865
Telegraph House, Trinity Bay, Newfoundland: Interior View of the Mess Room, 1858
H.M.S. Agamemnon Laying the Atlantic Telegraph Cable in 1858: a Whale Crosses the Line
Coiling the Cable in the Large Tanks at the Works of the Telegraph Construction and Maintenance Company of Greenwich, 1865
Patent Drawing for John Deere's Improvement in Plows
New York City--The Morse celebration at the Academy of Music, June 10th--Professor Morse manipulating his signature to the message telegraphed by Miss Sadie E. Cornwell

New York City--The Morse celebration at the Academy of Music, June 10t...

Illus. in: Frank Leslie's illustrated newspaper, 1871 July 1, p. 249.

Drawing by Alexander Graham Bell, 1876
Morse apparatus and alphabet

Morse apparatus and alphabet

Print shows apparatus for sending and receiving coded telegraph messages, with the alphabet and numbers in "Morse code." Title from item. Illus. in: Knight's American mechanical dictionary. New York : Hurd and ... More

[Thomas Edison, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing left]

[Thomas Edison, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing left]

Copyright 1880 by Emil P. Spahn, Newark, New Jersey.

[Alexander Graham Bell, three-quarter length portrait, standing, facing left]

[Alexander Graham Bell, three-quarter length portrait, standing, facin...

Gilbert H. Grosvenor Collection of Alexander Graham Bell photographs. Photograph of 1882 painting by Lobrichon, Paris.

Patent Drawing for T. A. Edison's Incandescing Electric Lamp
Samuel F. B. Morse from "Gately's World's Progress. A general history of the earth's construction and of the advancement of mankind ... Edited by C. E. Beale. Édition de luxe"

Samuel F. B. Morse from "Gately's World's Progress. A general history ...

This image has been taken from scan 000350 from volume 01 of "Gately's World's Progress. A general history of the earth's construction and of the advancement of mankind ... Edited by C. E. Beale. Édition de lu... More

[Alexander Graham Bell swimming, his head above water, with cigar in his mouth]

[Alexander Graham Bell swimming, his head above water, with cigar in h...

Forms part of: Gilbert H. Grosvenor Collection of Photographs of the Alexander Graham Bell Family (Library of Congress).

Samuel F. B. Morse, printer's sample for the World's Inventors souvenir album (A25) for Allen & Ginter Cigarettes
[Thomas Edison, half-length portrait, facing front] / J.M. White & Co.
[Wilbur Wright, age 30, seated facing right, half-length side view]

[Wilbur Wright, age 30, seated facing right, half-length side view]

Title based on: Wilbur & Orville Wright, pictorial materials: a documentary guide / Arthur G. Renstrom. Washington: Library of Congress, 1982, p. 11. Attributed to Wilbur and/or Orville Wright. Reference copy i... More

[Orville Wright and Edwin H. Sines, neighbor and boyhood friend, filing frames in the back of the Wright bicycle shop]

[Orville Wright and Edwin H. Sines, neighbor and boyhood friend, filin...

Title from: Wilbur & Orville Wright, pictorial materials: a documentary guide / Arthur G. Renstrom. Washington: Library of Congress, 1982, p. 135. Attributed to Wilbur and/or Orville Wright. Reference copy in L... More

[Wilbur Wright working in the bicycle shop]

[Wilbur Wright working in the bicycle shop]

Title from reference print. Attributed to Wilbur and/or Orville Wright. Reference copy in LOT 11512. Forms part of: Glass negatives from the Papers of Wilbur and Orville Wright.

[Orville Wright before he grew a mustache, side view facing right, half length]

[Orville Wright before he grew a mustache, side view facing right, hal...

Title based on: Wilbur & Orville Wright, pictorial materials: a documentary guide / Arthur G. Renstrom. Washington: Library of Congress, 1982, p. 21. Attributed to Wilbur and/or Orville Wright. Reference copy i... More

[Side view of Wilbur Wright piloting a glider in level flight almost overhead, moving to left, showing bottom wing and elevator]

[Side view of Wilbur Wright piloting a glider in level flight almost o...

Title based on: Wilbur & Orville Wright, pictorial materials: a documentary guide / Arthur G. Renstrom. Washington: Library of Congress, 1982, p. 50. Attributed to Wilbur and/or Orville Wright. Reference copy i... More

[Wilbur Wright in prone position on glider just after landing, its skid marks visible behind it and, in the foreground, skid marks from a previous landing; Kitty Hawk, North Carolina]

[Wilbur Wright in prone position on glider just after landing, its ski...

Title based on reference print and information in: Wilbur & Orville Wright, pictorial materials: a documentary guide / Arthur G. Renstrom. Washington: Library of Congress, 1982, p. 50. Attributed to Wilbur and/... More

[Childhood portraits of Wilbur Wright]

[Childhood portraits of Wilbur Wright]

Title based on reference print. No film copy neg. Copy negative of portrait photographs. Attributed to Wilbur and/or Orville Wright. Reference copy in LOT 11512. Forms part of: Glass negatives from the Papers o... More

"Wireless telegraphy" / J.S. Pughe.

"Wireless telegraphy" / J.S. Pughe.

Illustration shows George F. Hoar sitting on the U.S. Capitol dome using a telegraph to send a "wireless" message "Keep it up! We are with you!" across a body of water to the insurgent forces fighting against A... More

[Alexander Graham Bell, three-quarter length portrait, standing, facing right, by window]

[Alexander Graham Bell, three-quarter length portrait, standing, facin...

Gilbert H. Grosvenor Collection of Photographs of the Alexander Graham Bell Family.

Telegraph Co., Washington Branch, Mch. 25, telegram, Dutch standard still safe

Telegraph Co., Washington Branch, Mch. 25, telegram, Dutch standard st...

Cartoon shows a man, possibly the head of the American Sugar Refining Company, Henry O. Havemeyer or the head of American Crystal Sugar Company, Henry Thomas Oxnard, leaving the Western Union Telegraph office ... More

[Wilbur and Orville Wright with their second powered machine; Huffman Prairie, Dayton, Ohio]
[Wilbur Wright, age 38, head and shoulders, about 1905; one of the earliest published photographs of him]
[Wilbur Wright, age 38, head and shoulders, about 1905; one of the earliest published photographs of him]

[Wilbur Wright, age 38, head and shoulders, about 1905; one of the ear...

Title based on: Wilbur & Orville Wright, pictorial materials: a documentary guide / Arthur G. Renstrom. Washington: Library of Congress, 1982, p. 11. Attributed to Wilbur and/or Orville Wright. Copy photograph ... More

[Orville Wright, age 34, head and shoulders, with mustache]

[Orville Wright, age 34, head and shoulders, with mustache]

Title based on: Wilbur & Orville Wright, pictorial materials: a documentary guide / Arthur G. Renstrom. Washington: Library of Congress, 1982, p. 21. Attributed to Wilbur and/or Orville Wright. Reference copy i... More

Thomas Edison and his original dynamo, Edison Works, Orange, N.J., U.S.A.

Thomas Edison and his original dynamo, Edison Works, Orange, N.J., U.S...

Thomas Edison, standing, full-length portrait, in front of engine. No. 13001.

Orville, Wilbur, and Katherine Wright, with others
O. Wright flying [in his airplane, crowd on field]
Orville Wright
The collapsed Wright airplane photographed just after it struck the ground...

The collapsed Wright airplane photographed just after it struck the gr...

The collapsed Wright airplane photographed just after it struck the ground. At Fort Meyer [sic], on Sept. 17, at a height of 75 feet, on a turn, one of the new nine foot propeller blades was broken. The machine... More

Bystanders help extricate the mortally wounded US Army (USA) Lieutenant (LT) Thomas Selfridge from the wreck of the Wright Brothers Flyer after its crash at Fort Myer, Virginia (VA). At right, several men attend the injuries of Orville Wright, who lies on the ground at their feet

Bystanders help extricate the mortally wounded US Army (USA) Lieutenan...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: Fort Myer, Arlington State: Virginia (VA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Pub... More

WRIGHT FLIGHTS, FORT MYER, VA, JULY 1909. FIRST ARMY FLIGHTS; WILBUR AND ORVILLE WRIGHT, CHARLIE TAYLOR; PUTTING PLANE ON LAUNCHING RAIL
Orville Wright and Lieutenant Lahm of the United States Signal Corps making the world's record flight at Fort Myer, on July 27--The aeroplane made fifty miles at a speed of about forty miles an hour

Orville Wright and Lieutenant Lahm of the United States Signal Corps m...

George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress).

WRIGHT FLIGHTS, FORT MYER, VA, JULY 1909. FIRST ARMY FLIGHTS; HANGAR, ORVILLE WRIGHT, RIGHT
The Wright airplane of 1909 at Ft. Myer, Va.
Wilbur Wright in flight from Governor's Island
Wilbur Wright examining canoe attachment to aeroplane before 1st flight over water

Wilbur Wright examining canoe attachment to aeroplane before 1st fligh...

Title and other information transcribed from caption card. LOT subdivision subject: Orville and Wilbur Wright aviation activities - Wilbur's flights over New York harbor, 1909. George Grantham Bain Collection (... More

WRIGHT BROTHERS AIRPLANE, ETC. TYPE A PLANE AT FORT MYER
Orville Wright at start of flight, Fort Meyer [i.e. Myer], Va.

Orville Wright at start of flight, Fort Meyer [i.e. Myer], Va.

Airplane on ground. George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress).

The Wright Brothers test fly their aircraft on Fort Myer's parade field. This series of test flights resulted in the Army purchasing its first aircraft. In the first flight, Sept. 9, 1908, Orville Wright kept the plane aloft 71 seconds. The second flight resulted in a crash that left Wright severely cut and bruised and his passenger, Army LT. Thomas Selfridge dead -- the first powered-aviation fatality. (Exact date shot UNKNOWN)

The Wright Brothers test fly their aircraft on Fort Myer's parade fiel...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: Fort Myer, Arlington State: Virginia (VA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Pub... More

[Orville seated in Wright airplane with Albert B. Lambert before takeoff; Simms Station, Dayton, Ohio]

[Orville seated in Wright airplane with Albert B. Lambert before takeo...

Title from: Wilbur & Orville Wright, pictorial materials: a documentary guide / Arthur G. Renstrom. Washington: Library of Congress, 1982, p. 24. Attributed to Wilbur and/or Orville Wright. Reference copy in LO... More

[Series of flights from May through July, just after the opening of the Wright Flying School, probably Orville acting as instructor; Simms Station, Dayton, Ohio]

[Series of flights from May through July, just after the opening of th...

Title based on: Wilbur & Orville Wright, pictorial materials: a documentary guide / Arthur G. Renstrom. Washington: Library of Congress, 1982, p. 24. Attributed to Wilbur and/or Orville Wright. Reference copy i... More

American and British linemen constructing telegraph and telephone line. Near Contay, France; 7/6/1918
Orville Wright
A Deere pulling machine, two horses. These merely loosen the soil, leaving the final pull to be exerted by the workers. Hine. Oct. 1915.  Location: Colorado.
Alexander Graham Bell at the unveiling of a plaque commemorating the 1876 invention of the telephone, Boston, Mass., 1916 / photo by Richard W. Sears.

Alexander Graham Bell at the unveiling of a plaque commemorating the 1...

Title from item. Blind stamp on lower right: Photo by Richard W. Sears, Boston. Forms part of: Gilbert H. Grosvenor Collection of Photographs of the Alexander Graham Bell Family (Library of Congress).

[Thomas Edison and Harvey Firestone walking together]

[Thomas Edison and Harvey Firestone walking together]

J297234 U.S. Copyright Office. Title devised by Library staff. No. 47255.

[Rear view of the Wright brothers' four-cylinder motor as installed in their 1903 airplane]

[Rear view of the Wright brothers' four-cylinder motor as installed in...

Title based on: Wilbur & Orville Wright, pictorial materials: a documentary guide / Arthur G. Renstrom. Washington: Library of Congress, 1982, p. 140. Attributed to Wilbur and/or Orville Wright. Reference copy ... More

Demonstrates Bell Laboratory wonders. Sergius P. Grace, Vice-President of the Bell Telephone Laboratories, shows the old and the new in telephones. That in his right hand is a model of Alexander Graham Bell's first telephone through which sounds were first electronically transmitted in 1875. The larger apparatus near his right hand is the artificial lung and larynx, which enables people with paralyzed vocal cords to talk again. 12/30
[Woman with original steel plow made by John Deere in Grand Detour, Illinois in 1838, at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.]
[Samuel F.B. Morse, three-quarter-length portrait, seated, facing front, posed with a camera and glass plate negatives]

[Samuel F.B. Morse, three-quarter-length portrait, seated, facing fron...

Copy photograph of plate published in the Philadelphia Photographer, v. 9, 1872, opp. p. 1.

Laboratory of Alexander Graham Bell, Boston, Massachusetts

Laboratory of Alexander Graham Bell, Boston, Massachusetts

Digital image produced by Carol M. Highsmith to represent her original film transparency; some details may differ between the film and the digital images. Title, date, and keywords provided by the photographer.... More

Events marking the centennial of the first powered flight, Wright Brothers National Memorial, Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina

Events marking the centennial of the first powered flight, Wright Brot...

Photographs Documenting the Secretary's Activities, and Agency Officials, Events, Programs, and Managed Sites

Events marking the centennial of the first powered flight, Wright Brothers National Memorial, Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina

Events marking the centennial of the first powered flight, Wright Brot...

Photographs Documenting the Secretary's Activities, and Agency Officials, Events, Programs, and Managed Sites

Historical reenactment activities marking the centennial of the first powered flight, Wright Brothers National Memorial, Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina

Historical reenactment activities marking the centennial of the first ...

Photographs Documenting the Secretary's Activities, and Agency Officials, Events, Programs, and Managed Sites

Historical reenactment activities marking the centennial of the first powered flight, Wright Brothers National Memorial, Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina

Historical reenactment activities marking the centennial of the first ...

Photographs Documenting the Secretary's Activities, and Agency Officials, Events, Programs, and Managed Sites

Mural backdrop on stage at ceremonies marking the centennial of the first powered flight, Wright Brothers National Memorial, Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina

Mural backdrop on stage at ceremonies marking the centennial of the fi...

Photographs Documenting the Secretary's Activities, and Agency Officials, Events, Programs, and Managed Sites

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Workers use a cutting torch to dismantle a water tower in the Launch Complex 39 area at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida.      The effort is part of on-going efforts to upgrade and revitalize Kennedy's water and sewer systems to increase their reliability, sustainability and capabilities into the 21st century for current and future users. For more information, visit: http://kscpartnerships.ksc.nasa.gov/masterPlan/spaceportConcept.htm Photo credit: NASA/Tim Jacobs KSC-2013-1373

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Workers use a cutting torch to dismantle a wate...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Workers use a cutting torch to dismantle a water tower in the Launch Complex 39 area at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The effort is part of on-going efforts to upgrade and ... More

Vintage crank telephone at the Buffalo Gap Historic Village in the unincorporated Taylor County, Texas, town of the same name, near Abilene

Vintage crank telephone at the Buffalo Gap Historic Village in the uni...

Title, date, and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The museum showcases fifteen outdoor structures and West Texas artifacts that reach back to the late 19th century and the early 20th ... More

[Samuel F. B. Morse, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing right]

[Samuel F. B. Morse, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing right]

Case: scroll motif. Plate mark: Six pointed star with the word "DOUBLE" under which appears "J," an animal figure and the letter "W" in a lozenge. Copy daguerreotype. Written in ink on back of plate: S.F.B. Mor... More

[Alexander Graham Bell (right) and his assistants observing the progress of one of his tetrahedral kites]

[Alexander Graham Bell (right) and his assistants observing the progre...

Another copy filed in LOT 11533-10-27, no. 7. Title devised by Library staff. Forms part of: Gilbert H. Grosvenor Collection of Photographs of the Alexander Graham Bell Family (Library of Congress). Published i... More

Prof. Samuel F.B. Morse
Monument to Wilbur and Orville Wright, viewed during visit of Secretary Gale Norton to Wright Brothers National Memorial, Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina, for tours, events marking the centennial of the first powered flight

Monument to Wilbur and Orville Wright, viewed during visit of Secretar...

Photographs Documenting the Secretary's Activities, and Agency Officials, Events, Programs, and Managed Sites

Postcard from Alexander Graham Bell, June 23, 1890
John Deere Blacksmith Shop, Marthasville, Warren County, MO

John Deere Blacksmith Shop, Marthasville, Warren County, MO

Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: FN-167 Survey number: HABS MO-1707

Drawings by Alexander Graham Bell, undated
Drawings by Alexander Graham Bell, undated
[Orville Wright, about three years old, half-length portrait, in oval, facing front]