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Skyscrapers

Early American SkyscrapersCreated by: PICRYLDated: 2017
Tribune building chicago skyscrapers.
In 1857 Elisha Otis introduced the safety elevator, allowing easy passenger access to upper floors. A crucial development was also the use of a steel frame instead of stone or brick. An early development in this area was five floors high Oriel Chambers in Liverpool, England. While its height is not considered very impressive today, the world's first skyscraper was the ten-story Home Insurance Building in Chicago, built in 1884–1885.
Most early skyscrapers emerged in the land-strapped areas of Chicago and New York City toward the end of the 19th century. In a building like these, a steel frame supported the entire weight of the walls, instead of walls carrying the weight called "Chicago skeleton" construction.
1889 marks the first all-steel framed skyscraper in Chicago, while Louis Sullivan's Wainwright Building in St. Louis, Missouri, 1891, was the first steel-framed building with vertical bands to emphasize the height of the building and is therefore considered by some to be the first true skyscraper.
After an early competition between Chicago and New York City for the world's tallest building, New York took the lead by 1895 with the completion of the American Surety Building, leaving New York with the title of the world's tallest building for many years. New York City developers competed among themselves, with successively taller buildings claiming the title of "world's tallest" in the 1920s and early 1930s, culminating with the completion of the Chrysler Building in 1930 and the Empire State Building in 1931, the world's tallest building for forty years.
714 Media in collectionpage 1 of 8
Gillender Building, New York City. Photochrom print, 1880-1890.
St. Paul Building, New York City
[Tribune Building, New York City. Preliminary elevation. Rendering]
[Tribune Building, New York City] / S. A. Holmes, New York.

[Tribune Building, New York City] / S. A. Holmes, New York.

Title devised by Library staff. RG 859 Sr. 3 Box 5. Gift; American Institute of Architects / American Architectural Foundation; 2010; (DLC/PP-2010:100) Forms part of: The AIA/AAF Collection (Library of Congress... More

Majestic Building, Detroit
Great Northern Building & Hotel, Chicago
[New York City, Newspaper Row, Park Row]
[Philadelphia, Pa., the North American and Real Estate Trust Bldgs.]
[Singer Tower (Building), N.Y.]
[Metropolitan Life Insurance Building, New York, N.Y.]
St. Paul and Park Row buildings from Vesey St., New York
Hudson Terminal Building[s], New York, N.Y.
New York skyline from Brooklyn
[Office building in city, possibly Detroit, Michigan]
The Auditorium and annex, Chicago view, photochrome print postcard.

The Auditorium and annex, Chicago view, photochrome print postcard.

Copyright 1900 by Detroit Photographic Co. Title from item. Similar image (LC-D4-12620). Note for similar image in (LC-D4-12620): Auditorium Building and Congress Hotel and Annex, later part of Roosevelt Univer... More

[Flatiron Building, New York, N.Y.]
Ellicott Square Building, Buffalo. Photochrom print, 1880-1890.
Bowling Green offices, New York
[Majestic Building, Detroit, Michigan]
[New York, N.Y., Trinity churchyard and the skyscrapers]
Majestic Building, Detroit, Mich.
[Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Building, New York City]
Park Row Building, New York
[Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Building, New York City]
Market Street, San Francisco view, photochrome print postcard.

Market Street, San Francisco view, photochrome print postcard.

Photograph shows the Call Building, currently named Central Tower, Market Street, San Francisco, with people, trolleys, and horse-drawn wagons on the street. Title from item.

Office of J.P. Morgan & Co., New York
The Park Row Building, New York
[Big buildings of lower Manhattan, New York, N.Y.]
Big buildings of Lower Manhattan, New York
Prudential Building, Buffalo, N.Y.
[City Hall and Majestic Building, Detroit, Mich.]
Union Trust Building, Detroit, Mich.
Det[roit] City Gas Co. office, [Detroit, Mich.]
Newspaper Row, [Park Row], New York
Trinity Building, New York, N.Y.
[New Municipal Building, New York, N.Y.]
Law library of the Lawyers' Club, Equitable Building, New York
The Lobby, Union Trust Building, Detroit, Mich.
Gas office exterior with trees
[Herald Building, looking into press room, New York, N.Y.]
Empire Building, New York
Equitable Life Assurance offices, New York
New York Life Building, Chicago
[Corner of Grand Circus Park, Detroit, Mich.]
[Cluster of skyscrapers, New York, New York]
[Newspaper Row, City Hall Park, New York, N.Y.]
Skyscrapers, looking north towards towers of Woolworth Building and Singer Building, Manhattan, New York, N.Y.]
[T.J. Keenan Building, Pittsburgh, Pa.]
[The Big buildings of lower Manhattan, New York, N.Y.]
Metropolitan Life Insurance Building, New York
[Postal Telegraph Cable Co. on ground floor below German American Bank, possibly Detroit, Michigan]
[Singer Building, New York, N.Y.]
Granite Building, Rochester, N.Y.
The Auditorium and annex, Chicago
Masonic Temple, Chicago
Hanover National Bank building, New York, N.Y.
Stairway, first floor, Union Trust Building, Detroit, Mich.
Living on a skyscraper
Montgomery Ward & Co. building, Chicago
Bowling Green offices, New York
Coat room of the Lawyers' Club, Equitable Building, NewYork
Ingall's Building, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Gillender Building, New York
[Hudson Terminal Buildings, New York, N.Y.]
[North, along Michigan Avenue, Chicago, Ill.]
Newspaper Row, New York
St. Pauls' Church and St. Paul's Bldg. [Saint Paul Building], New York
Masonic Temple, Chicago, Ill.
Flat-Iron Building [i.e. Flatiron], Fifth Avenue and Broadway, New York
Ames Building and Washington Street, Boston
[Flatiron Building, New York, N.Y.]
Flatiron Building, New York, N.Y.
Flat-Iron [i.e. Flatiron] Building, Fifth Avenue and Broadway, New York
Flat-iron [i.e. Flatiron] Building, New York
Flat Iron [i.e. Flatiron] Building, New York
[Flat Iron Building, New York, N.Y.]
Election night illumination, Flatiron Building

Election night illumination, Flatiron Building

Print shows people strolling in front of the Flatiron Building, which has lights in every window and a searchlight on the roof. 18606 U.S. Copyright Office. Title from item. Printed on verso: "Compliments of N.... More

Knickerbocker Trust Building, New York
Whitehall Building, New York
Times Building under construction, New York, N.Y.
Powers Building, Rochester, N.Y.
[Singer Building, City Investing Building, and Hudson Terminal Building with Trinity Church steeple, New York, N.Y.]
[The Peoples Gas Company Building, Chicago, Ill.]
Flat-iron [i.e. Flatiron Building] corner after snow storm, New York
Main corridor, Majestic B. [Building], Detroit, Mich.
J.P. Morgan & Co.'s offices, [Drexel Building], New York
Flatiron Building, Broadway and Fifth Av., New York City
[Ford Sales Office (Boulevard Building), Detroit, Mich.]
Railway Exchange Building, Chicago, Ill.
[Ford Sales Office (Boulevard Building), Detroit, Mich.]
[New York, N.Y., Singer Bldg. under construction]
[Detroit, Mich., Penobscot Building]
Singer Bldg. [Building] under construction, New York, N.Y.
Forty Second Street, looking west, N.Y. City

Forty Second Street, looking west, N.Y. City

Print shows people walking on sidewalks, a trolley on the street with buildings on one side and a park on the other side, and a skyscraper in the distance.

[Flatiron Building, corner after snow storm, New York, N.Y.]
Stairway, main corridor, Majestic B. [Building], Detroit, Mich.
City Hall and World Building, New York.
Metropolitan Life Insurance Building, New York City
The J.P Morgan Building, New York City
[Singer, City Investing and Hudson Terminal Buildings, New York, N.Y.]
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