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Siyar-i Nabî (Life of the Prophet)

Siyar-i Nabî or ‘Life of the Prophet’ is a manuscript of Muhammed’s life and great cultural work of the Islamic art.Created by: PICRYLDated: 1100
Hannâd ibn 'Umar kisses the hand of Muhammad, pledging his aid and allegiance.
Siyar-i Nabî = Life of the Prophet. Darîr Erzurumî (fl. 14th cent.) (Translator). Murad III, Sultan of the Turks (1546-1595) (Patron). 1003 [1594-1595]. Istanbul.
The title is in Turkish and means ‘Life of the Prophet’ and describes the life of Muhammed. It was written in 1388 by Mustafa, son of Yusuf of Erzurum.
This work became well-known for its copy, Ottoman manuscript that was created in the 16th century and it is "the largest single cycle of religious painting in Islamic art" and "the most complete visual portrayal of the life of the Prophet Muhammad" as Carol Garrett Fisher said. The copy was finished in 1595 by the famous calligrapher Lutfi Abdullah, and it contained 814 miniatures in six volumes. Muhammad is depicted in this manuscript many times and always shown with a veiled face usually in flames. The flame was used to indicate the sacred figures same as a halo in Eastern tradition.
This collection includes the verses from Volume III, which were scanned by The New York Public Library.

The New York Public Library comprises simultaneously a set of scholarly research collections and a network of community libraries, and its intellectual and cultural range is both global and local, while singularly attuned to New York City. That combination lends to the Library an extraordinary richness. It is special also in being historically a privately managed, nonprofit corporation with a public mission, operating with both private and public financing in a century-old, still evolving private-public partnership. Last year, over 16 million New Yorkers visited the library, and over 25 million used its website. The NYPL Digital Gallery provides free and open access to over 640,000 images digitized from the The New York Public Library's vast collections, including not just photographs but illuminated manuscripts, historical maps, vintage posters, rare prints and more. Digital projects and partnerships at NYPL are managed by the Digital Experience Group, a 21-person team of programmers, designers, and producers dedicated to expanding and enhancing all points of computer and Web-mediated interaction with the library's collections, services and staff.
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Front cover of binding

Front cover of binding

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Muhammad, mounted on Burâq accompanied by Jibrîl and host angels, rises to the heavens on his way to al-Masjid al-Aqsâ.

Muhammad, mounted on Burâq accompanied by Jibrîl and host angels, rise...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

A Jewish leader holds up the gown of the Jewish prophet Yahyâ (John the Baptist) on which the Muslim declaration of faith (shahâdah) has miraculously appeared; when it was cut out, it appeared a second time.

A Jewish leader holds up the gown of the Jewish prophet Yahyâ (John th...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Illuminated pages

Illuminated pages

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Illuminated pages

Illuminated pages

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Muhammad, mounted on Burâq accompanied by Jibrîl and host angels, rises to the heavens on his way to al-Masjid al-Aqsâ.

Muhammad, mounted on Burâq accompanied by Jibrîl and host angels, rise...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

A Jewish leader holds up the gown of the Jewish prophet Yahyâ (John the Baptist) on which the Muslim declaration of faith (shahâdah) has miraculously appeared; when it was cut out, it appeared a second time.

A Jewish leader holds up the gown of the Jewish prophet Yahyâ (John th...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Siyâvush undergoes the fire ordeal.

Siyâvush undergoes the fire ordeal.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Siyâvush undergoes the fire ordeal.

Siyâvush undergoes the fire ordeal.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Shâh Shâpûr II, disguised as a merchant, travels to Rûm and arranged an audience with Qaysar (the Byzantine emperor).

Shâh Shâpûr II, disguised as a merchant, travels to Rûm and arranged a...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Front cover of binding

Front cover of binding

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Shâh Shâpûr II, disguised as a merchant, travels to Rûm and arranged an audience with Qaysar (the Byzantine emperor).

Shâh Shâpûr II, disguised as a merchant, travels to Rûm and arranged a...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

[Back cover of binding]

[Back cover of binding]

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

[Frontispiece] Shamsahs = sunburst pattern.

[Frontispiece] Shamsahs = sunburst pattern.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

[Doublures]

[Doublures]

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Sarlawh = Frontispiece

Sarlawh = Frontispiece

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Foldover

Foldover

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Sarlawh = Frontispiece

Sarlawh = Frontispiece

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Gayûmars seated, surrounded by wild beasts, including a lion, a tiger, giraffe, and horned deer.

Gayûmars seated, surrounded by wild beasts, including a lion, a tiger,...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Jibrîl (Gabriel) invites Hazrat Muhammad for his night journey (the Mi'râj).

Jibrîl (Gabriel) invites Hazrat Muhammad for his night journey (the Mi...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Jamshîd surrounded by members of his court.

Jamshîd surrounded by members of his court.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Zahhak enthroned, surrounded by five courtiers.

Zahhak enthroned, surrounded by five courtiers.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Muhammad at al-Masjid al-Aqsâ leads the earlier prophets and angels in prayer.

Muhammad at al-Masjid al-Aqsâ leads the earlier prophets and angels in...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Farîdûn, seated on his throne, surrounded by five courtiers.

Farîdûn, seated on his throne, surrounded by five courtiers.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Abû Tâlib, 'Abbâs ibn al-Muttalib, and other leaders of the Quraysh question Muhammad about his miraculous night journey.

Abû Tâlib, 'Abbâs ibn al-Muttalib, and other leaders of the Quraysh qu...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

The three sons of Farîdûn.

The three sons of Farîdûn.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

The seated Muhammad discusses prophethood with members of  the Quraysh.

The seated Muhammad discusses prophethood with members of the Quraysh...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Manûchihr killing his uncle Tûr by spearing him in the back.

Manûchihr killing his uncle Tûr by spearing him in the back.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Muhammad visits Abû Tâlib, who is his uncle and head of the Banû Hâshim, trying to convince him on his deathbed to become a Muslim.

Muhammad visits Abû Tâlib, who is his uncle and head of the Banû Hâshi...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Manûchihr kills his uncle Salm by striking him in the head with his sword.

Manûchihr kills his uncle Salm by striking him in the head with his sw...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Hamzah, an uncle of the Prophet although of about the same age, dressed in gold armor and holding a sword, threatens to punish those of the Quraysh who are not faithful to Muhammad after Abû Tâlib's death.

Hamzah, an uncle of the Prophet although of about the same age, dresse...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Rûdâbah standing on the top of a fortified tower, lets down her long tresses to Zâl.

Rûdâbah standing on the top of a fortified tower, lets down her long t...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

'Abbâs, the servant of the brothers 'Utbah and Shaybah of the clan of 'Abd Shams, kisses the feet of Muhammad in recognition of his prophethood.

'Abbâs, the servant of the brothers 'Utbah and Shaybah of the clan of ...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

The birth of Rustam.

The birth of Rustam.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

'Abbâs, Muhammad's uncle, asks Abû Lahab to provide Muhammad with funds so that he can marry.

'Abbâs, Muhammad's uncle, asks Abû Lahab to provide Muhammad with fund...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Rustam, fully armed and wearing his traditional tiger-skin coat and leopard hat, comes out through a gateway to kill an enraged white elephant that has trampled its keeper.

Rustam, fully armed and wearing his traditional tiger-skin coat and le...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Abû Bakr and the Prophet's nephews ask the Sakifîs for the hand of their daughter Barîrah in marriage to Muhammad.

Abû Bakr and the Prophet's nephews ask the Sakifîs for the hand of the...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

The soldiers of Afrâsiyâb battle the Iranians for the first time.

The soldiers of Afrâsiyâb battle the Iranians for the first time.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Umm Hakîm, in white robes and a black net face veil, seated before the Prophet, tells Muhammad that Abû Bakr would like to give his daughter 'Â'ishah in marriage to him.

Umm Hakîm, in white robes and a black net face veil, seated before the...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

The text concerns Zâl's fight with the Turanian hero Khazarvân, but the illustration shows Rustam in his traditional costume and mounted on Rakhsh striking off the head of a dragon with his sword.

The text concerns Zâl's fight with the Turanian hero Khazarvân, but th...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Meccan leaders and the Hashimites gather around Muhammad for the marriage ceremony.

Meccan leaders and the Hashimites gather around Muhammad for the marri...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Naudar beheaded before Afrâsiyâb.

Naudar beheaded before Afrâsiyâb.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Muhammad, followed by Abû Bakr and 'Alî, goes to ask support of his uncle 'Abbâs at the 'Ukâz Fair and to invite the people to Islam.

Muhammad, followed by Abû Bakr and 'Alî, goes to ask support of his un...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Rustam captures Rakhsh.

Rustam captures Rakhsh.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Muhammad visits Abû Lahab in his camp.

Muhammad visits Abû Lahab in his camp.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Kay Khusrau enthroned, surrounded by eight courtiers.

Kay Khusrau enthroned, surrounded by eight courtiers.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Abû Lahab and his followers hurl stones at Muhammad and Abû Bakr at the 'Ukâz Fair.

Abû Lahab and his followers hurl stones at Muhammad and Abû Bakr at th...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Rustam's First Feat: Rakhsh kills a lion while Rustam sleeps.

Rustam's First Feat: Rakhsh kills a lion while Rustam sleeps.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Ibn Husayn, Mâlik ibn Jabal, and 'Alâ' ibn 'Alâ' of the Fîrâzâ tribe become Muslims.

Ibn Husayn, Mâlik ibn Jabal, and 'Alâ' ibn 'Alâ' of the Fîrâzâ tribe b...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Rustam's Fourth Feat: he kills the sorcerer.

Rustam's Fourth Feat: he kills the sorcerer.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Muhammad discusses Islam with leaders of the Banî Sa'sa'ah tribe, including 'Âmir ibn Sa'sa'ah.

Muhammad discusses Islam with leaders of the Banî Sa'sa'ah tribe, incl...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Rustam's Sixth Feat: he kills Arzhang dîv.

Rustam's Sixth Feat: he kills Arzhang dîv.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

An erstwhile rich man, Najiz ibn Farrâsh, who was cursed by the Prophet, now a beggar.

An erstwhile rich man, Najiz ibn Farrâsh, who was cursed by the Prophe...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Rustam's Seven's Feat: he slays the White dîv.

Rustam's Seven's Feat: he slays the White dîv.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Hannâd ibn 'Umar and members of the Tamîm tribe seated before Muhammad.

Hannâd ibn 'Umar and members of the Tamîm tribe seated before Muhammad...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Rustam captures the King of Mâzandarân and takes him before the tent of Kay Kâ'ûs.

Rustam captures the King of Mâzandarân and takes him before the tent o...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Hannâd ibn 'Umar kisses the hand of Muhammad, pledging his aid and allegiance.

Hannâd ibn 'Umar kisses the hand of Muhammad, pledging his aid and all...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

The king of Hâmâvarân sues Rustam for peace.

The king of Hâmâvarân sues Rustam for peace.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Abû Jahl, Muhammad's most prominent opponent in Mecca, is angered at people of his tribe who will not listen to him.

Abû Jahl, Muhammad's most prominent opponent in Mecca, is angered at p...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Pîlsam fights with Rustam.

Pîlsam fights with Rustam.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Abû Jahl loses his speech after he curses Muhammad.

Abû Jahl loses his speech after he curses Muhammad.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Rustam battles three Turanian soldiers.

Rustam battles three Turanian soldiers.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Abû Jahl begs Muhammad to heal him.

Abû Jahl begs Muhammad to heal him.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Rustam comes to the chamber of Tahmînah, daughter of the king of Samarkand.

Rustam comes to the chamber of Tahmînah, daughter of the king of Samar...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

The Prophet causes a spring to come forth and cures Abû Jahl with its waters, but Abû Jahl then accuses Muhammad of sorcery.

The Prophet causes a spring to come forth and cures Abû Jahl with its ...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Suhrâb before the White Castle, his army behind him.

Suhrâb before the White Castle, his army behind him.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Abû Jahl, his speech restored, again urges the people to abandon their belief in the Prophet, telling them that Muhammad is a sorcerer.

Abû Jahl, his speech restored, again urges the people to abandon their...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Rustam meets with Kay Kâ'ûs.

Rustam meets with Kay Kâ'ûs.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Nu'mân of the Shaybân tribe is seated before Muhammad and professes belief in his prophethood and becomes a Muslim.

Nu'mân of the Shaybân tribe is seated before Muhammad and professes be...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Suhrâb and Rustam fight.

Suhrâb and Rustam fight.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Nu'mân kisses the hand of Muhammad, embracing Islam.

Nu'mân kisses the hand of Muhammad, embracing Islam.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Suhrâb raises his dagger to kill Rustam in their second combat.

Suhrâb raises his dagger to kill Rustam in their second combat.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Muhammad and Abû Bakr visit the Banû Salîmah tribe.

Muhammad and Abû Bakr visit the Banû Salîmah tribe.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Rustam kneels, grieving before the mortally wounded Suhrâb.

Rustam kneels, grieving before the mortally wounded Suhrâb.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Mutî' and his idol collapse before the Prophet Muhammad, and the Jews beg Muhammad to restore Mutî's life.

Mutî' and his idol collapse before the Prophet Muhammad, and the Jews ...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Rustam views Suhrâb's tomb.

Rustam views Suhrâb's tomb.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Mutî', who has been restored to life by the Prophet, stands in front of him, his idol lying at his feet, and he converts to Islam.

Mutî', who has been restored to life by the Prophet, stands in front o...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

The young Siyâvush, son of Kay Kâ'ûs, on his way from Zâbulistân to his father's court with his army is showered with gold and ambergris by the people.

The young Siyâvush, son of Kay Kâ'ûs, on his way from Zâbulistân to hi...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Muhammad talks with a smith who will melt down Mutî's idol so that the gold and silver may be distributed to the poor, as Mutî' had promised.

Muhammad talks with a smith who will melt down Mutî's idol so that the...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Muhammad performs another miracle by creating a spring of cool, pure water in the desert camp of the Banû Junda'.

Muhammad performs another miracle by creating a spring of cool, pure w...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Afrâsiyâb, who has dreamed of his defeat by the Iranians asks his sages to interpret his dream.

Afrâsiyâb, who has dreamed of his defeat by the Iranians asks his sage...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

An old man who is cured after drinking from the miraculous healing fountain talks to the leader of the Banû Junda'.

An old man who is cured after drinking from the miraculous healing fou...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Afrâsiyâb dictates a letter to Siyâvush.

Afrâsiyâb dictates a letter to Siyâvush.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Muhammad with a companion  meets with the Banû Junda', who have converted to Islam.

Muhammad with a companion meets with the Banû Junda', who have conver...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Siyâvush plays polo with Afrâsiyâb.

Siyâvush plays polo with Afrâsiyâb.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Muhammad, seated before a mihrab made of inlaid wood, talks to the leaders of the Kindah tribe.

Muhammad, seated before a mihrab made of inlaid wood, talks to the lea...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Siyâvush and Afrâsiyâb feasting on the occasion of Siyâvush's marriage to Farangîs.

Siyâvush and Afrâsiyâb feasting on the occasion of Siyâvush's marriage...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Garzîvaz visits Siyâvush at Siyâvushgîrd.

Garzîvaz visits Siyâvush at Siyâvushgîrd.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Nufayl ibn Ghawth attends a secret meeting of the Jews of Medina and answers questions about Muhammad and his new religion.

Nufayl ibn Ghawth attends a secret meeting of the Jews of Medina and a...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

The troops of Afrâsiyâb attack the Iranian retainers of Siyâvush.

The troops of Afrâsiyâb attack the Iranian retainers of Siyâvush.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Siyâvush beheaded by Gurûy.

Siyâvush beheaded by Gurûy.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Nufayl ibn Ghawth, seated at a low  desk, reads a passage from the Old Testament that refers to the coming of the Prophet Muhammad.

Nufayl ibn Ghawth, seated at a low desk, reads a passage from the Old...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

The young Kay Khusrau, dressed as a shepherd, is lead before Afrâsiyâb by Pîrân.

The young Kay Khusrau, dressed as a shepherd, is lead before Afrâsiyâb...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Nufayl reads a letter from the Jews of Bayt al-Muqaddas (the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem) about Muhammad to his followers, who include five women.

Nufayl reads a letter from the Jews of Bayt al-Muqaddas (the Jewish Te...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Rustam, wearing his leopard hat and armor, lifts Pîlsam off his horse on a spear.

Rustam, wearing his leopard hat and armor, lifts Pîlsam off his horse ...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

The Jews of Damascus find a large jug inscribed with the Muslim profession of faith (shahâdah) and try to destroy it, but they are unsuccessful.

The Jews of Damascus find a large jug inscribed with the Muslim profes...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Rustam, having killed Afrâsiyâb's horse with his spear, attacks the Tûrânian leader.

Rustam, having killed Afrâsiyâb's horse with his spear, attacks the Tû...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Nufayl tells the Jews that he wants to send a delegation to Muhammad.

Nufayl tells the Jews that he wants to send a delegation to Muhammad.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Gîv, dressed in a tiger-skin coat and helmet, leads the young Kay Khusrau and his mother Farangîs across the Oxus.

Gîv, dressed in a tiger-skin coat and helmet, leads the young Kay Khus...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Abû Hishâm of Medina kisses the hand of the Prophet.

Abû Hishâm of Medina kisses the hand of the Prophet.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.